Annual Report " 2009 45 Notes to the Financial Statements for the year ended March 31, 2009 1. Legal status and nature of business The company is a public limited company incorporated in Pakistan on November 4, 1992 and is listed on the Karachi, Islamabad and Lahore Stock Exchanges. The registered office of the company is situated at 1-Mcleod Road, Lahore.
Its 9 principal activities are assembling and progressive manufacturing and sale of Honda vehicles and spare parts. The company commenced commercial production from July 1994. 2.
Basis of preparation 2.1 Statement of compliance These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the approved accounting standards as applicable in Pakistan. Approved accounting standards comprise of such International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board as are notified under the Companies Ordinance, 1984, provisions of and directives issued under the Companies Ordinance, 1984. Where the requirements of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 or directives issued by Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan differ with the requirements of IFRS, the requirements of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 or the requirements of the said directives prevail.
2.2 Standards, interpretations and amendments to published approved accounting standards 2.2.1 Amendments to published standards effective in ... more. less.
current year IFRIC 14, 8 IAS 19 - The limit on a defined benefit asset, minimum funding requirements and their interaction 9 is effective from January 01, 2008. IFRIC 14 provides guidance on assessing the limit in IAS 19 on the amount of surplus that can be recognised as an asset. It also explains how the pension asset or liability may be affected by a statutory or contractual minimum requirement.<br><br> It 9s adoption does not have any significant impact on the company 9s financial statements. 2.2.2 Amendments to published standards applicable to the company not yet effective The following amendments and interpretations to existing standards have been published and are mandatory for the company 9s accounting periods beginning on or after their respective effective dates: - IAS 1 (Revised), 8Presentation of financial statements 9 is effective from January 01, 2009. The revised standard will prohibit the presentation of items of income and expenses (that is, 8non-owner changes in equity 9) in the statement of changes in equity, requiring 8non- owner changes in equity 9 to be presented separately from owner changes in equity.<br><br> All non-owner changes in equity will be required to be shown in performance statement, but company can choose whether to present one performance statement (the statement of comprehensive income) or two statements (the income statement and statement of comprehensive income). The above standard will only impact the presentation of financial statements. - IFRS 7 8Financial Instruments : Disclosures 9 is effective from January 01, 2009.<br><br> It requires disclosures about the significance of financial instruments for the company 9s financial position and performance, as well as quantitative and qualitative disclosure on the nature and extent to risks, however it will not have any impact on the classification and valuation of the company 9s financial instruments. 46 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited - Certain amendments to IAS 23 8Borrowing Costs 9 have been published that are applicable to the company 9s financial statements covering annual periods, beginning on or after January 01, 2009. Adoption of these amendments would require the company to capitalise the borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset (one that takes substantial period of time to get ready for use or sale) as part of the cost of that asset.<br><br> The option of immediately expensing these borrowing costs will be removed. Its adoption will not have any impact on the company 9s financial statements. 2.2.3 Standards and interpretations to existing standards that are not applicable to the Company and not yet effective Standards or Interpretation Effective date IFRS 2 - Share based payment January 01, 2009 IFRS 4 - Insurance contracts January 01, 2009 IFRS 8 - Operating segments January 01, 2009 IFRIC 12 - Service concession arrangements January 01, 2009 IFRIC 13 - Customer loyalty programmes January 01, 2009 IFRIC 15 - Accounting for agreements for the construction of real estate January 01, 2009 IFRIC 16 - Hedge of net investment in a foreign operation January 01, 2009 3.<br><br> Basis of measurement These financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention except for recognition of certain employee retirement benefits at present value. The company 9s significant accounting policies are stated in note 4. Not all of these significant policies require the management to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments or estimates.<br><br> The following is intended to provide an understanding of the policies the management considers critical because of their complexity, judgment of estimation involved in their application and their impact on these financial statements. Estimates and judgments are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. These judgments involve assumptions or estimates in respect of future events and the actual results may differ from these estimates.<br><br> The areas involving higher degree of judgments or complexity or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the financial statements are as follows: a) Employee retirement benefits The company uses the valuation performed by an independent actuary as the present value of its retirement benefit obligations. The valuation is based on assumptions as mentioned in note 4.1. b) Provision for taxation The company takes into account the current income tax law and the decisions taken by appellate authorities.<br><br> Instances where the company 9s views differs from the view taken by the income tax department at the assessment stage and where the company considers that its views on items of material nature is in accordance with law, the amounts are shown as contingent liabilities. c) Useful life and residual values of property, plant and equipment The company reviews the useful lives of property, plant and equipment on regular basis. Any change in estimates in future years might affect the carrying amounts of respective items of property, plant and equipment with a corresponding effect on the depreciation charge and impairment.<br><br> Annual Report " 2009 47 4. Summary of significant accounting policies The significant accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented unless otherwise stated.<br><br> 4.1 Employees 9 retirement benefits and other obligations The main features of the schemes operated by the company for its employees are as follows: 4.1.1 Defined benefit plan The company operates a funded defined benefit gratuity scheme for all its permanent employees. Under the scheme gratuity is payable on the basis of last drawn basic salary at the following rates: Service in the company Per completed year of service 0-4 years and 364 days Nil 5-9 years and 364 days 15 days 10 years or more 30 days Contributions under the scheme are made to this fund on the basis of actuarial recommendation at the rate of 5.6% (2008: 5.6%) per annum of basic salary and are charged to profit and loss account. The latest actuarial valuation for the scheme was carried out as at March 31, 2009.<br><br> The actual (loss) / return on the plan assets during the year was Rs (13.65) million (2008: Rs 7.57 million). The actual (loss) / return on plan assets represents the difference between the fair value of plan assets at the beginning of the year and as at the end of the year after adjustments for contributions made by the company as reduced by benefits paid during the year. The amount recognized in balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognized actuarial gain and losses and as reduced by the fair value of the plan assets.<br><br> The future contribution rate of the plan includes allowances for deficit and surplus. Projected Unit Credit Method, using the following significant assumptions, is used for valuation of this scheme: Discount rate 15% Expected increase in eligible pay 14% Expected rate of return on plan assets 10% The company 9s policy with regard to actuarial gains / losses is to follow minimum recommended approach under IAS 19 (Revised 2000) cEmployee Benefits d. 4.1.2 Accumulating compensated absences Accruals are made annually to cover the obligation for accumulating compensated absences on the basis of accumulated leaves and the last drawn salary and are charged to profit.<br><br> 4.1.3 Defined contribution plan The company operates a defined contributory provident fund for all its permanent employees. Contributions are made equally by the company and the employees at the rate of 10% per annum of the basic salary subject to completion of minimum qualifying period of service as determined under the rules of the fund. 48 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 4.2 Taxation Current Provision for current tax is based on the taxable income for the year determined in accordance with the prevailing law for taxation of income.<br><br> The charge for current tax is calculated using prevailing tax rates or tax rates expected to apply to the profit for the year if enacted. The charge for current tax also includes adjustments, where considered necessary, to provision for taxation made in previous years arising from assessments framed during the year for such years. Deferred Deferred tax is accounted for using the balance sheet liability method in respect of all temporary differences arising from differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of the taxable profit.<br><br> Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences and deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, unused tax losses and tax credits can be utilized. Deferred tax is calculated at the rates that are expected to apply to the year when the differences reverse based on tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax is charged or credited in the income statement, except in the case of items credited or charged to equity in which case it is included in equity.<br><br> 4.3 Property, plant and equipment Property, plant and equipment except for freehold land are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and any identified impairment loss. Freehold land is stated at cost less any identified impairment loss. Depreciation on all items of property, plant and equipment except for freehold land and model specific plant and machinery is charged to income applying the diminishing balance method so as to write-off the depreciable amount of an asset over its useful life.<br><br> Depreciation on model specific plant and machinery is provided on a straight line basis so as to write-off the depreciable amount of an asset over the life of the model. Depreciation is being charged at the rates given in note 11. The assets 9 residual values and useful lives are continually reviewed by the company and adjusted if impact on depreciation is significant.<br><br> The company 9s estimate of the residual value of its property, plant and equipment as at March 31, 2009 has not required any adjustment as its impact is considered insignificant. The company continually assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that property, plant and equipment may be impaired. If such indication exists, the carrying amounts of such assets are reviewed to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amount.<br><br> Where carrying values exceed the respective recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amounts and the resulting impairment loss is recognized in profit and loss account for the year. The recoverable amount is the higher of an assets 9 fair value less costs to sell and value in use. Where an impairment loss is recognized, the depreciation charge is adjusted in the future periods to allocate the assets 9 revised carrying amount over its estimated useful life.<br><br> Depreciation on additions to property, plant and equipment is charged from the month in which an asset is acquired or capitalized while no depreciation is charged for the month in which the asset is disposed off. Annual Report " 2009 49 The profit or loss on disposal or retirement of an asset represented by the difference between the sale proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset is recognized as an income or expense. Maintenance and normal repairs are charged to income.<br><br> Major renewals and improvements are capitalized. 4.4 Intangible assets Intangible assets, which are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and any identified impairment loss, represent the cost of software licenses, licenses and technical drawings to manufacture certain components and licenses for the right to manufacture Honda vehicles in Pakistan. Amortization is charged to income on the straight line method so as to write off the cost of an asset over its estimated useful life.<br><br> Amortization on additions is charged from the month in which an asset is acquired or capitalized while no amortization is charged for the month in which the asset is disposed off. Amortization is charged at the rate given in note 12. The company continually assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that intangible assets may be impaired.<br><br> If such indication exists, the carrying amounts of such assets are reviewed to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amount. Where carrying values exceed the respective recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amounts and the resulting impairment loss is recognized in profit and loss account for the year. The recoverable amount is the higher of an assets 9 fair value less costs to sell and value in use.<br><br> Where an impairment loss is recognized, the amortization charge is adjusted in the future periods to allocate the assets 9 revised carrying amount over its estimated useful life. 4.5 Capital work-in-progress Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost less any identified impairment loss. 4.6 Investments - Available for sale Investments classified as available for sale are initially measured at cost, being the fair value of consideration given.<br><br> At subsequent reporting dates, these investments are remeasured at fair value (quoted market price), unless fair value cannot be reliabally measured. The investments for which the quoted market price is not available, are measured at cost as it is not possible to apply any other methodology. Realized and unrealized gains and losses arising from changes in fair value are included in the net profit or loss for the period in which they arise.<br><br> All purchases and sales of investments are recognized on the trade date which is the date that the company commits to purchase or sell the investment. Cost of purchase includes transaction cost. At each balance sheet date, the company reviews the carrying amount of the investments to assess whether there is any indication that such investments have suffered an impairment loss.<br><br> If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss, if any. 4.7 Stores and spares Usable stores and spares are valued principally at moving average cost, while items considered obsolete are carried at nil value. Items in transit are valued at cost comprising of invoice value and other incidental charges paid thereon.<br><br> 50 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 4.8 Stock in trade Stock of raw materials, except for those in transit, work-in-process and finished goods are valued principally at the lower of moving average cost and net realizable value. Cost of raw materials and trading stock comprises of the invoice value plus other charges paid thereon. Cost of work-in- process and finished goods includes cost of direct materials, labour and appropriate portion of manufacturing overheads.<br><br> Items in transit are stated at cost comprising invoice value and other incidental charges paid thereon. Net realizable value signifies the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business less costs necessarily to be incurred in order to make the sale. 4.9 Borrowings Borrowings are initially recorded at the proceeds received.<br><br> In subsequent periods, borrowings are stated at amortized cost using the effective yield method. Finance costs are accounted for on an accrual basis and are included in current liabilities to the extent of the amount remaining unpaid. 4.10 Foreign currency transactions and translation All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currencies are translated into Pak Rupees at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date.<br><br> Transactions in foreign currencies are translated into Pak Rupees at exchange rate prevailing at the date of transaction. Foreign exchange gains and losses on translation are recognized in the profit and loss account. All non-monetary items are translated into Pak Rupees at exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction or on the date when fair values are determined.<br><br> The financial statements are presented in Pak Rupees which is the company 9s functional and presentation currency. 4.11 Revenue recognition Sales of vehicles and spare parts are recognized as revenue when goods are dispatched and invoiced to the customers. Return on bank balances is accrued on a time proportion basis by reference to the principal outstanding and the applicable rate of return.<br><br> Dividend income on equity investments is recognized as income when the right of receipt is established. 4.12 Borrowing costs Borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which these are incurred except to the extent of borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset. Such borrowing costs are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset up to the date of its 9 commissioning.<br><br> 4.13 Provisions Provisions are recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Annual Report " 2009 51 4.14 Financial instruments Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when the company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument and de-recognized when the company loses control of contractual rights that comprise the financial assets and in the case of financial liabilities when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expired. Any gain or loss on derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities is included in the profit and loss account for the year.<br><br> All financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at cost, which is the fair value of the consideration given and received respectively. These financial assets and liabilities are subsequently measured at fair value, amortized cost or cost, as the case may be. The particular recognition methods adopted are disclosed in the individual policy statements associated with each item.<br><br> 4.15 Long term deposits These are stated at cost which represents the fair value of consideration given. 4.16 Receivables Receivables are measured at original invoice amount less an estimate made for doubtful receivable balances based on the review of all outstanding amounts at the balance sheet date. Bad debts are written off when identified.<br><br> 4.17 Trade and other payables Liabilities for trade and other amounts payable are measured at cost which is the fair value of the consideration to be paid in future for goods and services received. 4.18 Cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents are carried in the balance sheet at cost. For the purpose of cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents comprise cash in hand, demand deposits and short term borrowings.<br><br> 4.19 Dividend Dividend distribution to the shareholders is recognized as a liability in the period in which it is approved by the shareholders. 4.20 Offsetting of financial assets and liabilities Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the financial statements only when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amount and the company intends either to settle on a net basis or to realize the assets and to settle the liabilities simultaneously. 52 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 5.<br><br> Issued, subscribed and paid up caital 2009 2008 (Number of shares) 111,400,000 111,400,000 ordinary shares of Rs 10 each 1,114,000 1,114,000 fully paid in cash 31,400,000 31,400,000 ordinary shares of Rs 10 each issued as fully paid bonus shares 314,000 314,000 142,800,000 142,800,000 1,428,000 1,428,000 72,828,000 (2008: 72,828,000) ordinary shares of the company are held by Honda Motor Company Ltd., Japan, the holding company. Ordinary shares of the company held by associated undertakings as at year end are as follows: 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) 2009 2008 (Number of shares) 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) Atlas Insurance Limited 850,000 850,000 Shirazi Investments (Private) Limited 279,650 279,650 1,129,650 1,129,650 6. Reserves Movement in and composition of reserves is as follows: Capital Share premium 6.1 76,000 76,000 Revenue General reserve - At the beginning of the year 1,651,000 1,915,000 - Transferred from / (to) unappropriated profit 74,500 (264,000) 1,725,500 1,651,000 1,801,500 1,727,000 6.1 This reserve can be utilized by the company only for the purposes specified in Section 83(2) of the Companies Ordinance, 1984.<br><br> 7. Long-term finances - secured The Bank of Tokyo - Mitsubishi UFJ, Limited 7.1 500,000 500,000 MCB Bank Limited 7.2 1,000,000 - 1,500,000 500,000 Current portion shown under current liabilities - - 1,500,000 500,000 Annual Report " 2009 53 7.1 It carries mark-up at six month 9s KIBOR plus 0.50 percent per annum and is payable semi annually. It is secured by first pari passu equitable mortgage over all the current and future immovable assets of the company amounting to Rs 667 million and is repayable in lump sum on April 30, 2010.<br><br> The effective mark-up charged during the year is 12.92% per annum. Of the aggregate facility of Rs 500 million (2008: Rs 500 million) the amount availed as at March 31, 2009 is Rs 500 million (2008: Rs 500 million). 7.2 It carries mark-up at six month 9s KIBOR plus 1.25 percent per annum and is payable semi annually.<br><br> It is secured by first pari passu equitable mortgage charge over all the current and future immovable assets of the company amounting to Rs 1,334 million and is repayable in lump sum on October 07, 2010 . The effective mark-up charged during the year is 15.77% per annum. Of the aggregate facility of Rs 1,000 million (2008: Rs Nil) the amount availed as at March 31, 2009 is Rs 1,000 million (2008: Rs Nil).<br><br> 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 8. Short term borrowings - secured Short term borrowings - secured 8.1 2,151,601 - 8.1 Short term borrowings available from commercial banks under mark-up arrangements amount to Rs 3,610 million (2008: Rs 3,710 million). The rates of markup ranges from 12.39% to 17.00% per annum on the balances outstanding.<br><br> The aggregate short term borrowings are secured by first pari passu hypothecation charge over current assets of the company. Of the aggregate facility of Rs 3,810.00 million (2008: Rs 4,278.00 million) for opening letters of credit, the amount utilized at March 31, 2009 was Rs 14.64 million (2008: Rs 643.16 million). 9.<br><br> Trade and other payables Creditors 9.1 396,791 130,159 Accrued liabilities 42,793 21,026 Bills payable 9.2 240,406 420,350 Deposits against display cars 9.3 1,064,643 1,147,643 Workers 9 profit participation fund 9.4 - 3,417 Workers 9 welfare fund - 1,298 Employees 9 retirement benefits and other obligations 9.5 18,309 15,921 Advances from customers 9.6 1,136,755 1,115,617 License fee, technical fee and royalties 9.7 297,082 135,270 Provision for custom duties 9.8 32,169 32,169 Unclaimed dividends 4,822 4,842 Federal excise duty payable 130,719 6,188 Withholding tax payable 10,372 3,570 Others 12,733 17,567 3,387,594 3,055,037 9.1 Creditors include amount due to related parties of Rs 35.39 million (2008: Rs 18.41 million). 9.2 Bills payable include amount due to related parties of Rs 234.52 million (2008: Rs 420.35 million). These are in the normal course of business and are interest free.<br><br> 9.3 These represent interest free deposits from dealers against display cars and are repayable on demand. 54 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 9.4 Workers 9 profit participation fund Opening balance 3,417 - Provision for the year 27 - 3,417 Interest for the year 19 - 19 3,417 3,436 3,417 Payments made during the year (3,436) - - 3,417 9.5 Employees 9 retirement benefits and other obligations Accumulating compensated absences 9.5.1 18,309 15,921 Staff gratuity 9.5.2 - - 18,309 15,921 9.5.1 Accumulating compensated absences Opening balance 15,921 14,165 Accrual for the year 13,560 12,159 Payments made during the year (11,172) (10,403) Closing balance 18,309 15,921 9.5.2 Staff gratuity The amounts recognized in the balance sheet are as follows: Present value of defined benefit obligation 69,824 55,306 Fair value of plan assets (47,251) (55,758) Deficit / (surplus) 22,573 (452) Un-recognized actuarial (loss)/gain (22,573) 452 Net liability as at March 31 - - Net liability as at April 01 - - Charge to profit and loss account 7,481 12,354 Payments to fund during the year (7,481) (12,354) Net liability as at March 31 - - The movement in the present value of defined benefit obligation is as follows: Present value of defined benefit obligation 55,306 45,268 Current service cost 7,526 6,431 Interest cost 5,531 4,527 Benefits paid (2,340) (4,054) Actuarial loss 3,801 3,134 Present value of defined benefit obligation 69,824 55,306 Annual Report " 2009 55 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) The movement in the fair value of plan assets is as follows: Fair value of plan asset as at April 01 55,758 39,884 Expected return on plan asset 5,576 3,989 Contributions 7,481 12,354 Benefits paid (2,340) (4,054) Actuarial (loss) / gain (19,224) 3,585 Fair value of plan assets as at March 31 47,251 55,758 Plan assets are comprised as follows: Debt 5,050 5,087 Mutual Funds 17,778 33,431 Cash 24,423 17,240 47,251 55,758 Comparison of present value of defined benefit obligation, the fair value of plan assets and the surplus or deficit of gratuity fund for five years is as follows: As at March 31 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 (Rupees in thousand) Present value of defined benefit obligation (69,824) (55,306) (45,268) (34,405) (26,760) Fair value of plan assets 47,251 55,758 39,884 31,074 25,135 (Deficit) / surplus (22,573) 452 (5,384) (3,331) (1,625) Experience adjustment on obligation 5% 6% 5% 10% 3% Experience adjustment on plan assets -41% 6% -8% 17% -3% 9.6 Advances from customers include Rs 1,135.38 million (2008: Rs 1,110.40 million) against the sale of vehicles including sales tax and excise duties. These advances carry mark-up @ 12.56% per annum, being the weighted average rate of three months market treasury bills as at the end of the year, in accordance with the directive issued by the Engineering Development Board, Government of Pakistan on September 17, 2002.<br><br> The mark-up is calculated and payable only if vehicles are delivered after sixty days from the receipt of such advances. 9.7 License fee, technical fee and royalties include Rs 294.55 million (2008: Rs 131.67 million) due to the holding company, Honda Motor Company Limited, Japan. 9.8 Provision for custom duties Opening balance 32,169 273,449 Provision for the year - - 32,169 273,449 Payments made during the year - (241,280) 32,169 32,169 56 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 10.<br><br> Contingencies and commitments 10.1 Contingencies (i) Claims against the company not acknowledged as debt by the company amount to Rs 9.79 million (2008: Rs 9.79 million). As the management is confident that the matter would be settled in its favor, consequently no provision has been made in these financial statements in respect of the above mentioned disputed liabilities. (ii) In the previous years, company received notices from custom authorities for payment of custom duty and sales tax in respect of certain components of Honda Cars imported during prior years.<br><br> Custom authorities interpreted that CBU rate of duty was applicable on such components and thus raised a demand of Rs 110 million. It included Rs 96 million on account of custom duty and Rs 14 million on account of sales tax. The company approached custom authorities on the grounds that the components specified in the above mentioned notices included certain components which were duly appearing in the indigenization program of the company for the relevant period.<br><br> Hence CBU rate of duty was not applicable on import of these components. In 2004, the company made a provision of Rs 42 million against the total demand of Rs 110 million. As the management is confident that the matter would be settled in its favor, consequently no provision for the balance amount has been made in these financial statements in respect of the above mentioned notices.<br><br> (iii) During the year, Collector Customs, Sales Tax & Federal Excise (Appeals) has decided a case against the company in respect of demand notices received by the company from custom authorities claiming short recoveries on account of custom duty amounting to Rs 607.70 million, sales tax amounting to Rs 351.60 million and income tax amounting to Rs 145.74 million on license fees and royalty paid during the period from July 2000 to May 2008 to the holding company, Honda Motor Company Limited, Japan. The demand was raised by the custom authorities on the basis that these payments should have been included in the customs value of imported CKD kits and other imported parts. The company has filed an appeal against the decision of Collector Customs, Sales Tax & Federal Excise (Appeals) before the Custom, Excise & Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal, which is pending hearing.<br><br> The company 9s management and its legal advisor are of the opinion that these license fees and royalty payments do not relate to the imported goods but arise as a result of setting up and operating a manufacturing plant in Pakistan and selling vehicles in the local market and as such no custom duty is leviable on it. Consequently no provision for these demand notices has been made in these financial statements. 10.2 Commitments in respect of (i) Letters of credit and purchase commitments other than capital expenditure Rs 231.54 million (2008: Rs 163.89 million).<br><br> (ii) Letters of credit and purchase commitments for capital expenditure Rs Nil (2008: Rs 70.21 million). Annual Report " 2009 57 2008 Accumulated Depreciation Accumulated Book Value Cost as at Cost as at depreciation charge/ depreciation as at Annual April 01, Additions/ March 31, as at April 01, (deletions) as at March 31, March 31, depreciation 2007 (deletions) 2008 2007 for the year 2008 2008 rate % (Rupees in thousand) Freehold land 417,319 - 417,319 - - - 417,319 - Buildings on freehold land 1,949,026 2,102 1,951,128 328,152 81,123 409,275 1,541,853 5 Plant and machinery 2,784,048 208,260 2,991,883 919,777 339,886 1,259,343 1,732,540 15-20 (425) (320) Furniture and office equipment 84,404 6,366 90,640 27,309 12,336 39,564 51,076 20 (130) (81) Vehicles 116,867 41,795 118,166 44,366 16,471 45,284 72,882 20 (40,496) (15,553) Tools and equipments 62,384 6,091 68,159 24,167 8,297 32,182 35,977 20 (316) (282) Computers 33,149 6,261 39,410 20,471 6,059 26,530 12,880 35 5,447,197 270,875 5,676,705 1,364,242 464,172 1,812,178 3,864,527 (41,367) (16,236) a) Plant and Machinery includes dies and moulds having book value of Rs 664.24 million (2008: Rs 170.03 million) are in possession of various vendors. b) Borrowing costs of Rs 82.07 million (2008: Rs Nil) were capitalized during the year and are included in additions in plant and machinery and tools and equipments.<br><br> 11. Property, plant and equipment 2009 Accumulated Depreciation Accumulated Book Value Cost as at Cost as at depreciation charge/ depreciation as at Annual April 01, Additions/ March 31, as at April 01, (deletions) as at March 31, March 31, depreciation 2008 (deletions) 2009 2008 for the year 2009 2009 rate % (Rupees in thousand) Freehold land 417,319 - 417,319 - - - 417,319 - Buildings on freehold land 1,951,128 - 1,951,128 409,275 77,093 486,368 1,464,760 5 Plant and machinery 2,991,883 1,938,006 4,636,793 1,259,343 402,893 1,522,643 3,114,150 15-20 (293,096) (139,593) Furniture and office equipment 90,640 7,959 98,454 39,564 10,700 50,155 48,299 20 (145) (109) Vehicles 118,166 63,526 150,627 45,284 18,561 50,459 100,168 20 (31,065) (13,386) Tools and equipments 68,159 4,115 72,026 32,182 7,412 39,429 32,597 20 (248) (165) Computers 39,410 5,970 45,380 26,530 5,608 32,138 13,242 35 5,676,705 2,019,576 7,371,727 1,812,178 522,267 2,181,192 5,190,535 (324,554) (153,253) 58 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 11.1 The depreciation charge has been allocated as follows: Cost of sales 23 490,471 434,677 Cost of sales - Trading goods 23 4,952 3,144 Distribution and marketing expenses 24 11,748 11,564 Administrative expenses 25 15,096 14,787 522,267 464,172 11.2 Disposal of property, plant and equipment 2009 Accumulated Sale Particulars of assets Sold to Cost depreciation Book value proceeds Mode of disposal ( R u p e e s I n t h o u s a n d ) Vehicles Directors Mr. Yusuf H.<br><br> Shirazi - (Chairman) 2,200 1,088 1,112 1,208 Employees car sale scheme Mr. Jawaid Iqbal Ahmed 2,200 1,088 1,112 1,208 -do- Mr. Aamir H.<br><br> Shirazi 2,244 1,109 1,135 1,208 -do- Employees Mr. Sardar Abid Ali Khan 2,244 1,109 1,135 1,208 -do- Mr. Razi-ur-Rehman (Ex-employee) 1,431 208 1,223 1,235 -do- Mr.<br><br> Mawiz Akhtar 886 185 701 700 -do- Mr. Hamid Asghar (Late) 1,305 290 1,015 1,094 -do- Mr. Zulfiqar Ali 886 271 615 619 -do- Mr.<br><br> Sadiq Hasan 799 444 355 368 -do- Mr. Muhammad Rafi 957 128 829 831 -do- Mr. Muhammad Nauman 957 128 829 831 -do- Dr.<br><br> Amjad Ali 799 444 355 368 -do- Mr. Tariq Rasheed 942 170 772 723 -do- Syed Ishtiaq Hussain Bokhari 841 467 374 389 -do- Syed Ali Nasir 799 444 355 368 -do- Mr. Muhammad Afzal 886 271 615 619 -do- Mr.<br><br> Khalid Mahmood 841 467 374 389 -do- Mr. Ashfaq Khan 53 35 18 51 Employees motor cycles sale scheme Mr. Saeed Ur Rehman 54 32 22 51 -do- Syed Shehbaz Haider 54 33 21 51 -do- Mr.<br><br> Ejaz Ahmed 54 33 21 51 -do- Mr. Muhammad Adeel Amir 53 24 29 52 -do- Outsiders Mr. Muhammad Aamer 2,244 1,129 1,115 1,767 Negotiation.<br><br> Mr. Attiq Ur Rehman 825 688 137 526 -do- Mr. Muhammad Aamer 2,268 1,049 1,219 1,863 -do- Mr.<br><br> Muhammad Kamal 804 719 85 371 -do- Mr. Khurram Imtiaz 2,774 841 1,933 1,986 -do- Mr. Rana Rizwan Haider 665 492 173 415 -do- Furniture and office equipments 124 106 18 - Assets written off Mr.<br><br> Razi-ur-Rehman (Ex-employee) 21 3 18 18 Negotiation Tools and Equipments 248 165 83 - Assets written off Plant and Machachinery Welding and assembly jigs 182,340 102,213 80,127 - Assets written off Press dies and Moulds Honda Turkey A. S. 110,756 37,380 73,376 84,684 Negotiation 324,554 153,253 171,301 105,252 Annual Report " 2009 59 12.<br><br> Intangible assets 2009 Accumulated Accumulated Book Value Cost as at Cost as at amortization Amortization amortization as at Annual April 01, Additions March 31, as at April 01, charge for as at March 31, March 31, amortization 2008 2009 2008 the year 2009 2009 rate % (Rupees in thousand) License fees and drawings 215,780 169,777 385,557 154,721 38,033 192,754 192,803 20-25 Softwares 5,758 845 6,603 2,181 1,395 3,576 3,027 20-25 221,538 170,622 392,160 156,902 39,428 196,330 195,830 2008 Accumulated Accumulated Book Value Cost as at Cost as at amortization Amortization amortization as at Annual April 01, Additions March 31, as at April 01, charge for as at March 31, March 31, amortization 2007 2008 2007 the year 2008 2008 rate % (Rupees in thousand) License fees and drawings 187,067 28,713 215,780 126,094 28,627 154,721 61,059 20-45 Softwares 5,758 - 5,758 828 1,353 2,181 3,577 20-25 192,825 28,713 221,538 126,922 29,980 156,902 64,636 a) Borrowing costs of Rs 3.69 million (2008: Rs Nil) were capitalized during the year and are included in additions in license fees and drawings. 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 12.1 The amortization charge has been allocated as follows: Cost of sales 23 39,100 29,524 Cost of sales - Trading goods 23 - 170 Distribution and marketing costs 24 42 - Administrative expenses 25 286 286 39,428 29,980 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 13. Capital work-in-progress Plant and machinery 13.1 19,043 75,738 Others 183 5,008 19,226 80,746 13.1 Plant and machinery includes goods in transit amounting to Rs nil (2008: Rs 40.12 million).<br><br> 14. Long term investments Available for sale - unquoted Automotive Testing and Training Centre (Private) Limited 75,000 (2008: 75,000) ordinary shares of Rs. 10 each 750 750 Less: Provision for impairment (750) (750) - - 60 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) 15.<br><br> Long term loans and advances Loans to employees - considered good - Executives 15.1 11,918 9,787 - Others 29,583 29,087 41,501 38,874 Receivable within one year - Executives (2,590) (1,943) - Others (7,408) (7,881) (9,998) (9,824) 31,503 29,050 15.1 Executives Opening balance 9,787 10,380 Disbursement during the year 5,755 2,736 15,542 13,116 Repayments during the year (3,624) (3,329) 11,918 9,787 Loans to employees comprise of staff welfare loan and furniture loan. Staff welfare loans carry interest at the rate of 11% per annum and are recoverable within a period of 7 years commencing from the date of disbursement through monthly deductions from salaries and are secured against retirement benefits of employees and their guarantors. All the loans are granted to the employees of the company in accordance with their terms of employment.<br><br> Loans for purchase of furniture are interest free and are repayable between 2 to 4 years. These loans are secured against retirement benefits of employees and their guarantors. All the loans are granted to the employees of the company in accordance with their terms of employment.<br><br> The maximum aggregate amount due from executives at the end of any month during the year was Rs 12.78 million (2008: Rs 12.69 million). 16. Deferred taxation Deferred tax is calculated in full on temporary differences under the liability method using a tax rate of 35% Opening balance 338,165 251,008 Charged to profit 233,049 87,157 Deferred tax asset as at March 31 571,214 338,165 The deferred tax asset comprises of temporary differences arising due to: Accelerated tax depreciation (825,224) (549,902) Minimum tax carried forward 163,549 163,549 Unused tax losses carried forward 1,221,630 713,259 Others 11,259 11,259 571,214 338,165 Annual Report " 2009 61 17.<br><br> Stores and spares Most of the items of stores and spares are of interchangeable nature and can be used as machine spares or consumed as stores. Accordingly it is not practicable to distinguish stores from spares until their actual usage. Spares amounting to Rs 10.89 million (2008: Rs 8.99 million) are in the possession of various vendors .<br><br> 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 18. Stock in trade Raw materials including in transit Rs 505.63 million (2008: Rs 433.96 million) 18.1 1,263,003 764,977 Work in process 248,184 188,496 Finished goods - Own manufactured 18.2 1,065,836 400,312 - Trading stock including in transit Rs 31.82 million 18.3 377,068 258,911 (2008: Rs 21.01 million) 2,954,091 1,612,696 18.1 Raw materials amounting to Rs 112.86 million (2008: Rs 109.24 million) are in the possession of various vendors of the company. 18.2 Finished goods at sale value amounting to Rs 572.02 million (2008: Rs 372.93 million) are in the possession of various dealers.<br><br> 18.3 Trading stock costing Rs 61.18 Million (2008: Rs 46.45 million) are valued at their net realizable value amounting to Rs 55.57 million (2008: Rs 36.91 million). 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 19. Trade debts - unsecured Considered good - - Considered doubtful 16,142 16,142 Less: Provision for doubtful debts (16,142) (16,142) 3 3 3 3 20.<br><br> Advances, prepayments and other receivables Current portion of loans to employees 15 9,998 9,824 Advances - considered good: - to employees 20.1 276 590 - to suppliers and contractors 14,655 76,486 14,931 77,076 Due from related parties - considered good 20.2 29,699 10,035 Recoverable from government authorities: - Income tax 325,131 81,046 - Sales tax and special excise duty 374,599 262,506 - Custom authorities 39,093 25,714 738,823 369,266 Margin against letter of credit 7,307 7,589 Prepayments 11,602 10,874 Other receivables 40,858 23,188 853,218 507,852 20.1 Included in advances to employees is an amount of Rs 0.06 million (2008: Rs 0.25 million) due from executives. 62 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) 20.2 Due from related parties - considered good Honda Motor Company Limited, Japan 1,112 3,440 Honda Automobile (Thailand) Company Limited 24,234 5,883 Honda Trading (Thailand ) Company Limited 1,891 84 Honda Cars Philippines, Inc. 30 71 Honda Trading Corporation, Japan 1,598 74 Honda Autoparts Manufacturing (M) SDN.<br><br> BHD, Malaysia 9 24 Asian Honda Motor Company, Thailand 567 336 Honda Trading (South) China 158 123 Honda Parts Manufacturing Corporation Philippines 3 - Honda Malaysia SDN. BHD. Malaysia 97 - 29,699 10,035 These are in the normal course of business and are interest free.<br><br> 21. Cash and bank balances At banks - On current accounts 5,319 4,844 - On saving accounts [including US $ 1,013 (2008: US $ 70,631)] 13,114 225,513 Cash in hand 2,054 1,523 20,487 231,880 Balances in saving accounts bear mark-up which ranges from 5.00 % to 11.50 % per annum. 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 22.<br><br> Sales Sales - Own manufactured goods 16,181,349 16,605,711 Sales tax (2,181,051) (2,152,808) Excise duties 22.1 (625,526) (98,830) Commission to dealers (314,219) (352,605) 13,060,553 14,001,468 Sales - Trading goods 1,269,897 825,094 Sales tax (173,339) (107,602) Commission to dealers (7,465) (3,465) 1,089,093 714,027 14,149,646 14,715,495 22.1 Federal excise duty at the rate of 5% of ex-factory price has been levied on sale of locally assembled cars with effect from July 1, 2008. Annual Report " 2009 63 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 23. Cost of sales Raw material consumed 12,470,229 12,022,266 Stores and spares consumed 47,638 35,438 Salaries, wages and benefits 23.1 225,195 202,079 Fuel and power 49,652 39,051 Insurance 28,278 28,918 Traveling and vehicle running 62,331 62,258 Freight and handling 19,751 16,098 Repairs and maintenance 10,781 12,306 Technical assistance 31,834 26,852 Depreciation on property, plant and equipment 11.1 490,471 434,677 Amortization on intangible assets 12.1 39,100 29,524 Royalty 287,321 296,486 Canteen subsidy 11,308 10,272 Other expenses 1,714 2,367 13,775,603 13,218,592 Opening stock of work-in-process 188,496 173,408 Closing stock of work-in-process (248,184) (188,496) (59,688) (15,088) Cost of goods manufactured 13,715,915 13,203,504 Less: Own work capitalized (25,648) (38,637) Cost of damaged cars (6,816) (713) 13,683,451 13,164,154 Opening stock of finished goods 400,312 672,368 Closing stock of finished goods (1,065,836) (400,312) (665,524) 272,056 13,017,927 13,436,210 Cost of sales - Trading goods 23.2 955,217 651,791 13,973,144 14,088,001 23.1 Salaries, wages and benefits include following amounts in respect of employees 9 retirement benefits.<br><br> 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) Interest cost for the year 3,175 2,663 Current service cost 4,320 3,783 Actuarial loss for the year - 3,167 Expected return on plan assets (3,201) (2,346) 4,294 7,267 In addition to above salaries, wages and benefits include Rs 6.45 million (2008: Rs 5.54 million) on account of provident fund contributions. 23.2 It includes depreciation charge of Rs 4.95 million (2008: Rs 3.14 million) 64 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 24. Distribution and marketing costs Salaries, wages and benefits 24.1 52,203 49,234 Fuel and power 3,027 2,601 Insurance 4,634 4,219 Traveling and vehicle running 14,572 15,230 Freight and handling 15,254 16,232 Repairs and maintenance 2,421 3,454 Printing and stationery 12,659 5,495 Warranty costs 5,155 11,735 Advertising 51,462 72,919 Depreciation on property, plant and equipment 11.1 11,748 11,564 Amortization on intangible assets 12.1 42 - Training expenses 2,662 1,401 Canteen subsidy 1,124 1,182 Free service claims 3,604 4,698 Rent, rates and taxes 6,348 7,449 Other expenses 3,173 2,264 190,088 209,677 24.1 Salaries, wages and benefits include following amounts in respect of employees 9 retirement benefits.<br><br> 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) Interest cost for the year 1,067 788 Current service cost 1,452 1,119 Actuarial loss for the year - 937 Expected return on plan assets (1,076) (694) 1,443 2,150 In addition to above salaries, wages and benefits include Rs 2.19 million (2008: Rs 1.81 million) on account of provident fund contributions. Annual Report " 2009 65 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) 25. Administrative expenses Salaries, wages and benefits 25.1 70,962 68,582 Fuel and power 4,334 3,160 Insurance 2,549 2,057 Traveling and vehicle running 17,324 15,547 Repairs and maintenance 3,864 5,250 Printing and stationery 2,275 1,977 Communications 5,630 4,966 Postage 2,466 2,126 Advertising 545 941 Auditors 9 remuneration 25.2 2,468 3,976 Legal and professional charges 4,583 4,110 Depreciation on property, plant and equipment 11.1 15,096 14,787 Amortization on intangible assets 12.1 286 286 Fees and subscription 679 5,884 Canteen subsidy 3,180 2,697 Security expenses 2,477 1,775 Other expenses 1,031 1,042 139,749 139,163 25.1 Salaries, wages and benefits include following amounts in respect of employees 9 retirement benefits.<br><br> Interest cost for the year 1,289 1,076 Current service cost 1,754 1,529 Actuarial loss for the year - 1,281 Expected return on plan assets (1,299) (949) 1,744 2,937 In addition to above salaries, wages and benefits include Rs 2.63 million (2008: Rs 2.45 million) on account of provident fund contributions. 25.2 Auditors 9 remuneration The audit fee and remuneration for other services included in the financial statements is as follows: Statutory audit 450 360 Half yearly review 150 90 Taxation services 1,282 3,132 Royalty audit, certificates for remittance of foreign currency and sundry services 461 292 Out of pocket expenses 125 102 2,468 3,976 66 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 26. Other operating income Income from financial assets Profit on bank deposits 38,794 10,860 Interest on loans to employees 2,950 2,583 Interest on advances to suppliers 840 1,738 Exchange gain - 133 42,584 15,314 Income from non-financial assets Profit on disposal of property, plant and equipment 14,179 2,931 Others 8,081 5,344 22,260 8,275 64,844 23,589 27.<br><br> Other operating expenses Workers 9 profit participation fund - 3,417 Workers 9 welfare fund - 1,298 Fixed assets written off 80,228 125 Donations 27.1 10 135 Exchange loss 230,787 - 311,025 4,975 27.1 None of the directors and their spouses had any interest in the donee. 28. Finance Cost Interest and mark-up on: - Long term borrowings 62,136 129,840 - Short term borrowings 150,917 92,636 - Customer advances 8,879 10,399 - Workers 9 profit participation fund 19 - Bank charges 818 776 222,769 233,651 29.<br><br> Taxation For the year - Current 12,597 75,764 - Deferred (234,374) (63,540) (221,777) 12,224 Prior year - Current - - - Deferred 1,325 (23,617) 1,325 (23,617) (220,452) (11,393) Annual Report " 2009 67 2009 2008 % age % age 29.1 Tax charge reconciliation Numerical reconciliation between the average effective tax rate and the applicable tax rate. Applicable tax rate as per Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 (35.00) 35.00 Tax effect of: - Change in prior years 9 tax 0.21 (37.12) - Effect of lower tax rates / presumptive tax regime and others (0.64) (15.78) (0.43) (52.90) Average effective tax rate charged to profit and loss account (35.43) (17.90) 30. Remuneration of Chief Executive, Directors and Executives 30.1 The aggregate amount charged in the financial statements for the year for remuneration, including certain benefits to the chief executive, working directors and other executives of the company is as follows: (Rupees in thousand) Chief Executive Directors Executives 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 Managerial remuneration 1,176 894 7,336 5,943 35,947 31,589 House rent and utilities 1,685 1,421 5,688 4,397 24,714 22,888 Bonus - - 828 766 6,127 5,053 Reimbursement of medical expenses - - 235 205 709 249 Employees 9 retirement benefits - - 710 630 5,276 3,972 Other allowances and expenses 2,875 1,981 11,751 5,350 17,706 19,491 5,736 4,296 26,548 17,291 90,479 83,242 Number of persons 1 1 3 3 38 32 The Chief Executive, certain directors and executives of the company are provided with free use of company cars and company maintained furnished accommodation.<br><br> 30.2 Remuneration to other directors Aggregate amount charged in the financial statements for the year for fee to one director (2008: one director) was Rs nil (2008: Rs 1,000). 68 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 2009 2008 Note (Rupees in thousand) 31. Cash generated from operations (Loss) / profit before taxation (622,285) 63,617 Adjustment for: Depreciation on property, plant and equipment 522,267 464,172 Profit on disposal of property, plant and equipment (14,179) (2,931) Profit on bank deposits (38,794) (10,860) Interest on loans to employees (2,950) (2,583) Interest on advances to suppliers (840) (1,738) Assets written off 80,228 125 Finance cost 222,769 233,651 Provision for employees 9 retirement benefits and other obligations 21,041 24,512 Amortization on intangible assets 39,428 29,980 Royalty 264,451 282,367 Working capital changes 31.1 (1,279,091) 997,882 (807,955) 2,078,194 31.1 Working capital changes (Increase) / decrease in current assets - Stores and spares (18,841) (32,785) - Stock in trade (1,341,395) 1,092,250 - Advances, prepayments and other receivables (101,085) 194,149 (1,461,321) 1,253,614 Increase / (decrease) in current liabilities - Trade and other payables 182,230 (255,732) (1,279,091) 997,882 32.<br><br> Cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents included in the cash flow statement comprise of the following balance sheet amounts: Cash and bank balance 20,487 231,880 Short term borrowings - secured (2,151,601) - (2,131,114) 231,880 33. (Loss)/earnings per share 33.1 Basic (loss) / earnings per share Net (loss)/profit for the year Rupees in thousand (401,833) 75,010 Weighted average number of ordinary shares Number in thousands 142,800 136,788 Basic (loss)/earnings per share Rupees (2.81) 0.55 33.2 Diluted earnings per share There is no dilution effect on the loss per share of the company as the company has no such commitments. Annual Report " 2009 69 34.<br><br> Financial assets and liabilities Financial assets On balance sheet Loans to employees 5,371 24,680 30,051 4,627 6,823 11,450 41,501 - Security deposits - - - - 4,042 4,042 4,042 4,042 Other receivables - - - 40,858 - 40,858 40,858 40,858 Cash and bank balances 13,114 - 13,114 7,373 - 7,373 20,487 18,433 18,485 24,680 43,165 52,858 10,865 63,723 106,888 63,333 Off balance sheet - - - - - - - - Total 18,485 24,680 43,165 52,858 10,865 63,723 106,888 63,333 Financial liabilities On balance sheet Long term finances - 1,500,000 1,500,000 - - - 1,500,000 Mark-up accrued on loans and other payables - - - 75,048 - 75,048 75,048 Short term borrowings 2,151,601 - 2,151,601 - - - 2,151,601 Trade and other payables - - - 2,056,534 - 2,056,534 2,056,534 2,151,601 1,500,000 3,651,601 2,131,582 - 2,131,582 5,783,183 Off balance sheet Contracts for capital expenditure - - - - - - - Letters of credit - - - 231,540 - 231,540 231,540 Letters of guarantees - - - - - - - - - - 231,540 - 231,540 231,540 Total 2,151,601 1,500,000 3,651,601 2,363,122 - 2,363,122 6,014,723 On balance sheet gap (2,133,116) (1,475,320) (3,608,436) (2,078,724) 10,865 (2,067,859) (5,676,295) Off balance sheet gap - - - (231,540) - (231,540) (231,540) The effective interest/mark-up rates for the monetary financial assets and liabilities are mentioned in respective notes to the financial statements. 2009 Interest/mark-up bearing Non Interest/mark-up bearing Total Credit risk Maturity Maturity more than more than Maturity year and Maturity year and upto less than upto less than one year five years Sub-total one year five years Sub-total (Rupees in thousand) 70 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited Financial assets On balance sheet Loans to employees 5,764 21,891 27,655 4,060 7,159 11,219 38,874 - Security deposits - - - - 4,091 4,091 4,091 4,091 Other receivables - - - 41,049 - 41,049 41,049 41,049 Cash and bank balances 225,513 - 225,513 6,367 - 6,367 231,880 230,357 231,277 21,891 253,168 51,476 11,250 62,726 315,894 275,497 Off balance sheet - - - - - - - - Total 231,277 21,891 253,168 51,476 11,250 62,726 315,894 275,497 Financial liabilities On balance sheet Long term finances - 500,000 500,000 - - - 500,000 Mark-up accrued on loans and other payables - - - 32,029 - 32,029 32,029 Trade and other payables - - - 1,902,536 - 1,902,536 1,902,536 - 500,000 500,000 1,934,565 - 1,934,565 2,434,565 Off balance sheet Contracts for capital expenditure - - - 70,207 - 70,207 70,207 Letters of credit - - - 163,888 - 163,888 163,888 Letters of guarantees - - - - - - - - - - 234,095 - 234,095 234,095 Total - 500,000 500,000 2,168,660 - 2,168,660 2,668,660 On balance sheet gap 231,277 (478,109) (246,832) (1,883,089) 11,250 (1,871,839) (2,118,671) Off balance sheet gap - - - (234,095) - (234,095) (234,095) 2008 Interest/mark-up bearing Non Interest/mark-up bearing Total Credit risk Maturity Maturity more than more than Maturity year and Maturity year and upto less than upto less than one year five years Sub-total one year five years Sub-total (Rupees in thousand) Annual Report " 2009 71 34.1 Financial risk management objectives The company 9s operations expose it to financial risk mainly due to changes in foreign exchange rates. Risk management is carried out by the management under policies approved by the Board of Directors.<br><br> The Board provides principles for overall risk management, as well as policies covering specific areas like foreign exchange risk, interest rate risk and investing excessive liquidity. 34.2 Concentration of credit risk Credit risk represents the accounting loss that would be recognized at the reporting date if counter parties failed completely to perform as contracted. The company 9s credit risk is primarily attributable to its balances at banks.<br><br> The credit risk on liquid funds is limited because the counter parties are banks with reasonably high credit ratings. Out of the total financial assets of Rs 106.89 million (2008: Rs 315.89 million) the financial assets which are subject to credit risk amount to Rs 63.33 million (2008: Rs 275.50 million). 34.3 Currency risk Currency risk is the risk that the value of a financial instrument will fluctuate due to changes in foreign exchange rates.<br><br> Currency risk arises mainly where receivables and payables exist due to transactions with foreign undertakings, especially group companies. Payables exposed to foreign are covered through exchange contracts, wherever required, on the basis of management 9s assessment. 34.4 Fair values of financial assets and liabilities The carrying values of all financial assets and liabilities reflected in the financial statements approximate their fair values, except for long term loans, loans to employees and other receivables which are stated at cost / amortized cost.<br><br> Fair value is determined on the basis of objective evidence at each reporting date. 34.5 Capital risk management The company 9s objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the company 9s ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders and to maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital. In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the company may adjust the amount of dividends paid to shareholders, issue new shares and other measures commensurating to the circumstances.<br><br> The company monitors the capital structure on the basis of gearing ratio. This ratio is calculated as borrowings divided by total capital employed. Borrowings represent long term loans obtained by the company as referred to in note 7.<br><br> Total capital employed includes equity as shown in the balance sheet plus borrowings. The gearing ratio as at year ended March 31, 2009 and March 31, 2008 are as follows: March 31, March 31, 2009 2008 Borrowings Rupees in thousand 1,500,000 500,000 Capital employed Rupees in thousand 4,327,845 3,729,678 Gearing ratio Percentage 35 13 72 Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited 2009 Holding Associated Total company undertakings 2008 Holding Associated Total company undertakings For the year ended March 31, 2009 Purchase of goods 2,582,965 5,342,096 7,925,061 Purchase of property, plant and equipment 3,829 1,465,683 1,469,512 Sale of goods - 25,361 25,361 Sale of property, plant and equipment - 87,076 87,076 Insurance premium - 125,544 125,544 Royalty 263,927 606 264,533 License fee 79,150 18,411 97,561 Technical assistance and training charges 55,768 9,020 64,788 Interest on bank account - 617 617 Mark-up on finances - 1,020 1,020 For the year ended March 31, 2008 Purchase of goods 2,137,561 4,377,118 6,514,679 Purchase of property, plant and equipment 8,036 52,717 60,753 Sale of goods - 133,484 133,484 Insurance premium - 114,000 114,000 Royalty 280,869 940 281,809 License fee 799 - 799 Technical assistance and training charges 28,478 13,328 41,806 Interest on bank account - 9,539 9,539 All transaction with related parties have been carried out on mutually agreed commercial terms and conditions. 35.<br><br> Transactions with related parties The related parties comprise holding company, fellow subsidiaries, associated undertakings and key management personnel. The company in the normal course of business carries out transactions with various related parties. Amounts due from and to related parties are shown under receivables and payables and remuneration of key management personnel is disclosed in note 30.<br><br> Other significant transactions with related parties are as follows: (Rupees in thousand) (Rupees in thousand) Annual Report " 2009 73 Capacity Production 2009 2008 2009 2008 Number Number Number Number Motor vehicles 50,000 50,000 12,780 15,080 The company has a capacity of producing 50,000 motor vehicles per annum on double shift basis. Under utilization of capacity was due to lower demand of certain products. 37.<br><br> Rates of exchange Liabilities in foreign currencies have been translated into Rupees at the following exchange rates: US $ 1 = Rupees 80.45 ¥ 1 = Rupees 0.82 38. Date of authorization for issue These financial statements were authorized for issue on May 05, 2009 by the Board of Directors of the company. 39.<br><br> Events after the balance sheet date The board has recommended following appropriations: 2009 2008 (Rupees in thousand) Transfer (from) / to general reserves (400,000) 74,500 40. Corresponding figures Corresponding figures have been re-arranged, wherever necessary, for the purposes of comparison. H<br><br>