Agenda Item No. ______ Town of Windsor Memorandum November 20, 2008 TO: The Honorable Mayor and Members of Town Council FROM: John L. Rowe, Jr., Interim Town Manager SUBJECT: Proposed New Town Charter I am placing this matter on the agenda so that you can continuer your discussion of this matter.
Again, this is for your discussion at this point on your agenda. You do not need to take any action on this matter at this meeting. Current Charter § C-1.
Boundaries. A. The inhabitants of the territory embraced within the the Town of Windsor, in the County of Isle of Wight, Virginia as the same are now established and shown and described on the "Plat Showing Incorporated Limits of Windsor, Isle of Wight County" hereinaf- ter referred to in Subsection B., or as may be hereafter altered and established by law, shall constitute and continue to be a body politic and corporate under the name of the "Town of Windsor, Virginia," and as such and by that name shall have perpetual suc- cession, may sue or be sued, contract and be contracted with, and may have a corporate seal which it may alter, renew or amend at its pleasure.
B. The territory ... more. less.
in the County of Isle of Wight, Virginia, embraced within the Town of Windsor and the corporate limits or bounda- ries of said Town, unless and until changed in the manner pre- scribed by law, shall be as shown and described on a plat of sur- vey thereof made by Roy Brinkley, Certified Land Surveyor, in October, nineteen hundred fifty-six entitled "Plat Showing Incor- porated Limits, Town of Windsor, Isle of Wight County," and of record in the Clerk's Office of the Circuit Court of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, in Plat Book 5, page 255, which are incorpo- rated herein by reference and are substantially the same as de- scribed and established in § 1 of Chapter 237 of the Acts of Assembly of 1902. (Acts 1973, Ch.<br><br> 84) Proposed Charter Article 1. Incorporation and Boundaries. § 1.1.<br><br> Incorporation. The inhabitants of the territory comprised within the limits of the Town of Windsor, as the same are now or may hereafter be estab- lished by law, shall constitute and continue to be a body politic and corporate under the name of the Town of Windsor (the town), and as such shall have perpetual succession, may sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded, contract and be contracted with, and may have a corporate seal that it may alter, renew or amend at its pleasure. § 1.2.<br><br> Boundaries. The corporate limits or boundaries of the town, unless and until changed in the manner prescribed by law, shall be the same as set forth in Chapter 84 of the Acts of Assembly of 1973 and as set forth in an annexation order dated May 11, 2001 entered by the Circuit Court of Isle of Wight County. Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 1 2 Current Charter § C-2.<br><br> Mayor and Council generally. [Amended 1988] The government of the said Town shall be vested in a Mayor and Council of six members, besides the Mayor (who shall be ex-officio, a member of the Council, and who shall preside at all the meetings thereof), who shall be residents of the said Town, and shall be elected when and as, and to take and hold office, as prescribed hereinafter. The Mayor and Councilmen serving at the time of the effective date of this act shall continue in office until the first day of September, nineteen hundred sixty-nine, or until their successors are duly elected and shall qualify.<br><br> An election shall be held on the second Tuesday of June, nineteen hundred sixty-nine, and every two years thereafter. At the election to be held in June, nineteen hundred sixty-nine, the can- didate for the office of Mayor receiving the highest number of votes shall be elected for a term of four years; the three candidates for Councilmen receiving highest number of votes, respectively, at such election shall be elected for a term of two years. Thereafter as the terms of the Mayor and the members of the Council, respectively, expire, their successors shall be elected for terms of four years.<br><br> Thereby the term of office of three Councilmen shall alternately ex- pire each two years. The Mayor and Council elected at such elections shall enter upon their duties the first day of September next succeed- ing. Any vacancy in the office of Mayor occurring other than by expi- ration of term shall be filled, from the electors of the Town for the unexpired tern by a majority vote of the members of Council and any vacancies of the Council occurring other than by expiration and terms shall be filled, from the electors of the Town, for the unexpired term, by a majority vote of the remaining members of the Council.<br><br> (Acts 1927, ch. 81; Acts 1968, ch. 20).<br><br> Proposed Charter Article 3. The Council. § 3.1.<br><br> Definitions. As used in this charter, the term cofficer d refers to council members and persons appointed by and responsible to the council, such as the town clerk, the town manager, and the town attorney; the term cofficials d refers to administrative department heads; and all other persons em- ployed by the town are designated cemployees. d § 3.2. General powers and duties of the council.<br><br> The government of the town shall be vested in the council, which shall have the power to enact and enforce ordinances and resolutions to carry into effect all powers granted by this charter and by law. The council shall be responsible for the determination of all matters of policy for the town and for ensuring the implementation thereof by the town manager and town administration. § 3.3.<br><br> Composition and qualifications. The council shall be composed of a mayor and six council members to be elected from the town at large. The mayor shall be a member of the council.<br><br> The council members shall be qualified voters of the town. § 3.4. Election and term of office.<br><br> The council shall be elected in the manner provided by Virginia elec- tions laws. Four council members, including the mayor, shall be elected on the first Tuesday in May of the year 2010 and every four years there- after. The three other council members shall be elected on the first Tues- day in May of the year 2012 and every four years thereafter.<br><br> The term of office for all council members shall begin on the first day of July next following their election, and they shall serve for a term of four years or until a successor shall have been elected and qualified. The council members may succeed themselves as often as the voters may choose. Town of Windsor Charter Comparison Current Charter § C-2.1.<br><br> Vice-Mayor, election of. The Council, at its first meeting after the effective date of this act, and at its first meeting in the month of every second year thereafter in which the term of office of any Councilman begins following the election of Councilmen, shall elect by a majority vote of the members of the Council present one of its members as Vice-Mayor. In the event of the absence, death, resignation, removal, sickness, disability or disqualification for any reason or cause of the Mayor, the Vice- Mayor shall serve as and be vested with and perform all of the duties, powers, authority, rights, privileges and obligations of Mayor.<br><br> In the event of a vacancy in the office of Mayor, the Vice-Mayor shall act as Mayor until a Mayor is elected by the Council or is otherwise elected. The member of the Council who is elected Vice-Mayor shall continue to have all of the rights, privileges, powers, duties and obli- gations of Councilmen while serving as a performing the duties of Mayor during the absence, sickness, disability or disqualification of or in event of the removal, resignation or death of the Mayor. Any vacancy occurring in the office of Vice-Mayor, other than by expira- tion of term, shall be filled for the unexpired term by the Council as provided for above.<br><br> (Acts 1971, ch. 260) § C-2.2. Municipal elections, time of.<br><br> [Amended 1988] All municipal elections for Mayor and Councilmen in the Town of Windsor shall be held on the first Tuesday in May in even numbered years and the terms of office of said officers shall begin and they shall enter upon the discharge of their duties on the first day of July next following such election and shall continue in office until their successors are elected or appointed and qualified. (Acts 1973, ch. 84) Proposed Charter § 3.7.<br><br> Mayor and vice-mayor. The mayor as a member of the town council shall have the same pow- ers and duties as other members of the council, with a vote, but no veto. In addition, the mayor shall preside at meetings of the council, shall be recognized as head of the town government for all ceremo- nial purposes, for purposes of military law, and for the service of civil processes but shall have no administrative or judicial duties.<br><br> At the first meeting of the council in July of each even-numbered year, the council shall elect from its members a vice-mayor who shall serve for a term of two years. The vice-mayor shall act as mayor dur- ing the absence or disability of the mayor. § 3.8.<br><br> Absence or disability of mayor and vice-mayor. If both the mayor and vice-mayor are absent or unable to act, the council shall, by a majority vote of the members present, elect from its members a person to serve as acting mayor until either the mayor or vice-mayor is present and able to act. The person so elected shall possess the powers and discharge the duties of the mayor during such period of time.<br><br> Whenever it is necessary to elect an acting mayor pur- suant to this section, in the absence of both the mayor and vice- mayor, the town clerk or acting town clerk shall call the meeting of the council to order and shall preside during the meeting until coun- cil elects an acting mayor. This shall not be construed to vest in the clerk any of the powers and duties of the mayor, except as expressly stated in this section. (Continued on next page) Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 3 Current Charter § C-5.<br><br> Powers and duties of Mayor. [Amended 1988] The Mayor shall be the chief executive officer of the Town; he shall take care that the bylaws, ordinances, acts, and resolutions of the Council are faithfully executed; he shall have control of the police of the Town; it shall be his duty to see that peace and good order are preserved, and that persons and property are protected in the Town; he shall, from time to time, recommend to the Council such measures as he may deem needful for the welfare of the Town; he may receive a compensation for his services, to be fixed by the Council, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which he shall have been elected. Proposed Charter § 3.9.<br><br> Prohibitions. Except as otherwise authorized by law, a member of council shall not be eligible as such member during his tenure of office, or for one year thereafter, to any compensated town employment. If appointed by the council to a board or commission, a member of council may be compensated as a member of the board or commission.<br><br> Neither the council nor any of its members shall in any manner dic- tate the appointment or removal of any town administrative official or employee whom the town manager or any of his subordinates are empowered to appoint or prevent the town manager from exercising his own judgment in the appointment of officers or employees in the town 9s administrative service. Except for the purpose of discussions, inquiries and official investi- gations, the council and its members shall deal with and communi- cate with town 9s administrative service, officials and employees who are subject to the direction and supervision of the manager solely through the manager, and neither the council nor its members shall give orders to any such official or employee, either publicly or pri- vately. Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 4 Current Charter Nothing currently exists Proposed Charter Article 4.<br><br> The Town Manager. § 4.1. Appointment, qualifications and compensation.<br><br> A town manager shall be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the council. The amount of compensation shall be fixed by the council. The manager shall be appointed solely on the basis of executive and admin- istrative qualifications in the profession of management and administra- tion.<br><br> The manager need not be a resident of the town or the Common- wealth at the time of appointment but may reside outside of the town while in office only with the prior approval of the council. Council may enter into a multi-year employment agreement with the manager. § 4.2.<br><br> Powers and duties of the town manager. The town manager shall be the chief executive officer of the town. The manager shall be responsible to the council for the proper management and administration of all town affairs placed in his charge by or under this charter.<br><br> The manager shall have the following powers and duties. The manager shall: 1. Appoint and, when deemed necessary for the good of the service, sus- pend or remove any town employee or appointive administrative official provided for, by or under this charter, except as otherwise provided by law, this charter or personnel rules adopted pursuant to this charter.<br><br> The manager may authorize any administrative official who is subject to the manager 9s direction and supervision to exercise these powers with respect to subordinates in that official 9s department, office or agency. 2. Direct and supervise the administration of all departments, offices and agencies of the town, except as otherwise provided by this charter or by other law.<br><br> (Continued on next page) Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 5 Current Charter Nothing currently exits Proposed Charter 3. Attend all council meetings and shall have the right to take part in discussion but may not vote. 4.<br><br> See that all laws, provisions of this charter and acts of the council, subject to enforcement by the manager or by officials subject to the manager 9s direction and supervision, are faithfully executed. 5. Prepare and submit the annual budget and capital program to the council, and shall be responsible for the execution of the budget.<br><br> 6. Make such other reports as the council may require concerning the operations of town departments, offices and agencies subject to the manager 9s direction and supervision. 7.<br><br> Keep the council fully advised as to the financial condition and future needs of the town and make such recommendations to the council concerning the affairs of the town as the manager deems de- sirable. 8. Perform such other duties as are specified in this charter or may be prescribed by the council.<br><br> § 4.3. Removal. The council may remove the manager at any time at the pleasure of the council.<br><br> The action of the council in suspending or removing the manager shall be final, it being the intention of this charter to vest all authority and fix all responsibility for any such suspension or re- moval in the council. (Continued on next page) Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 6 Current Charter § C-13. Powers of Town generally.<br><br> [Amended 1988] The said Council shall have the power to make accurate bounds of existing streets, and to compel the removal of obstructions therefrom, and to lay off and to have new streets, alleys, and sidewalks, and to provide and protect shade trees thereon. The Council shall further have the power to prevent and provide against fire by accident; to prevent the cumbering of streets, sidewalks, and alleys in any manner whatsoever; to appoint police and prescribe their duties and compen- sations, and to make, pass, and ordain such rules, regulations, and bylaws as they may deem necessary and proper for the internal and general good, safety, health, and convenience of said Town and the inhabitants thereof, and for enforcing the provisions of the Charter. They shall punish all violators of the law by fine or imprisonment, or both, as may be prescribed by the ordinances of said Town.<br><br> All fines collected for violations of the ordinances of said Town shall be paid into the treasury of said Town, and shall be appropriated as the Coun- cil nay determine. The Council shall also have the authority and power to acquire property suitable for the purpose, either within or without the corporate limits of the Town, and to provide and maintain thereon, a community house or civic center for the use and enjoyment of the citizens of the Town, and others, for such lawful purposes as the Council may by ordinance permit, and the Council shall have au- thority to receive donations toward the cost and maintenance thereof. (Acts 1940, ch.<br><br> 418; Acts 1950, ch. 13.) (Continued on next page) 7 Proposed Charter Article 2. Powers.<br><br> § 2.1. General grant of powers. The town shall have and may exercise all powers that are now or may hereafter be conferred upon or delegated to cities and towns under the Constitution and general laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia.<br><br> It is intended that the town shall possess all powers which, under the Consti- tution, it would be competent for this charter to enumerate specifically, and no enumeration of particular powers shall be held to be exclusive but in addition to this general grant. § 2.2. Construction.<br><br> The powers that are now or may hereafter be conferred upon or dele- gated to the town under the Constitution and general laws of the Com- monwealth and this charter shall be construed liberally when such pow- ers are exercised by the town. § 2.3. Adoption of certain sections of the Code of Virginia.<br><br> The powers set forth in Chapter 11 (§ 15.2-1100 et seq.) and Chapter 49 (§ 15.2-4900 et seq.) of Title 15.2 of the Code of Virginia (1950), and any acts amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto, are hereby con- ferred on and vested in the town. § 2.4. Eminent domain.<br><br> The town is hereby empowered to acquire by condemnation, gift, lease, purchase or bequest, property, real or personal, or any interest or estate therein, either within or without its corporate limits, for any of its proper purposes, and may sell, lease, manage, and control such property as its interests require, and in such manner as the council deems expedient. The town shall also have all powers of eminent domain that are now or may be granted to a municipal corporation under the laws of the Com- monwealth. Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 8 Current Charter § C-13.1.<br><br> Powers of Town. A. The powers set forth in §§ 15.1-837 through 15.1-907 of Chapter 18 of Title 15.1 of the Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended,EN as now in force and effect and as hereafter amended, are hereby con- ferred on and vested in the Town of Windsor, Virginia.<br><br> B. All ordinances, laws, rules and regulations of the Town of Win- dsor, Virginia, and the provisions of this Charter, so far as they are applicable, shall apply on, in and to all land, easements, build- ings, structures and property owned by or leased or rented to the Town of Windsor and located outside of the Town. C.<br><br> The Town of Windsor, Virginia, shall have and may exercise all of the powers and authority which are now or hereafter may be conferred on, vested in and delegated to towns under the Consti- tution and laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia and by this Charter and all other powers and authority pertinent to town gov- ernment which the Town Council determines are necessary, proper, desirable or expedient to secure and promote the general welfare, safety, health, education, recreation, peace, good order, comfort, convenience and morals of the Town and its inhabitants as fully and completely as though such powers and authority were specifically enumerated in this Charter and all such powers and authority are hereby conferred on, vested in and delegated to the Town of Windsor, Virginia, and no enumeration of particular powers in this Charter shall be held to be exclusive, but shall be in addition to the general grant of powers, and shall have, exercise and enjoy all the rights, immunities, powers and privileges and be subject to all the duties and obligations now pertaining to and in- cumbent on the Town as a municipal corporation. D. The powers of eminent domain set forth in Title 15.1,EN and Ti- tle 25 of the Code of Virginia, as amended, are hereby conferred upon and vested in the Town of Windsor.<br><br> (Acts 1973, ch. 84.) (Continued on next page) Proposed Charter Town of Windsor Charter Comparison Current Charter § C-13.2. Additional powers of Town.<br><br> [Amended 1988] A. In addition to the powers and authority granted by other sections of this charter and the authority and powers granted and conferred by the general law and the Constitution of Virginia, the Town of Windsor, Virginia, is authorized and empowered: (1) To appropriate and expend the revenue, money and funds of the Town for all lawful purposes which the Town Council may deem necessary, proper, desirable, and expedient to se- cure, preserve and promote the general welfare, economy, safety, health, education, recreation, peace, good order, com- fort, convenience and morals of the Town and its inhabitants. (2) To establish, open, locate, relocate, construct, maintain, ex- tend, change, widen, narrow, enlarge, alter and improve pub- lic highways, streets, roads, parkways, alleys, avenue, bridges and sidewalks in the Town and to vacate and close the same, or any part thereof, in such manner as the Town Council may deem necessary, proper and expedient.<br><br> (3) To receive and accept from the federal government and/or the Commonwealth of Virginia or any agency, department, bu- reau, board or commission of either or both of said govern- ments and use grants of any kind, aid, contributions or gifts of money, property, labor, services or other things of value for or in aid of the acquisition, location, construction, reconstruc- tion, repair, maintenance and operation of any project or for any lawful purpose, and to do all things and make any agree- ments which may be necessary or required in order to obtain and use the same. (Continued on next page) Proposed Charter Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 9 Current Charter (4) To enter into contractual relationships with the federal govern- ment and/or the Commonwealth of Virginia or any agency, de- partment, bureau, board or commission of either or both of said governments; either political subdivisions; and special authorities, whether regional or not, on such terms and for such periods and purposes as the Town Council may determine. (5) To contract debts, borrow money and make and issue evidences of indebtedness.<br><br> (6) To acquire by purchase, exchange, gift, devise, eminent domain, lease, rental or otherwise, property, real and/or personal, or ease- ments, or any estate or interest therein, within or without the Town, for any of the uses and purposes of the Town as the Town Council may determine and to hold, use and improve the same. (7) To sell, exchange, rent, lease, encumber, pledge, or otherwise dis- pose of any personal property, or any part thereof or interest therein, wherever located, now or hereafter owned by the Town for any and all of its uses and purposes, in such manner and by such method as the Town Council may determine. (8) To sell, exchange, rent, lease, encumber, pledge or otherwise dis- pose of any real estate, including, but not limited to, land, build- ings, structure, parts, playgrounds, recreation centers, landings, highways, streets, roads, alleys, avenues, sidewalks, bridges, wa- ter and sewer works and systems, sewage, garbage and refuse col- lection and disposal systems, gas and electric works and systems and other public utility works and systems of every kind and de- scription, and any other real property of every kind and descrip- tion, or any part thereof or interest therein, wherever located, now or hereafter owned by the Town for any of its uses and purposes, including, but not limited to, any such property now or hereafter owned and accepted by the Town for and dedicated to public uses and purposes.<br><br> (Acts 1973, ch. 84) Proposed Charter Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 10 Current Charter § C-12. Taxation generally.<br><br> The taxes of said Town shall be due and payable on such date or dates as may be established by State law; if any person fails to pay his taxes on or before the due date, penalties and interest on the said delinquent taxes shall be payable as established by State law; and, the treasurer of the Town, following the due date of any such taxes, upon the failure or refusal of any person who owes such taxes to pay the same, may proceed to collect such taxes by any means provided by State law. If for any tax, a due date, penalties and interest not be pro- vided for by State law, the Town may provide for same by ordinance. The Town may, by ordinance, parallel State law on such subjects.<br><br> (Acts 1979, ch. 171) § C-16. Disposition of revenue.<br><br> The revenue from those and other sources shall be collected, paid over and accounted for at such times and to such purposes as the Council may deem fit; they may be used for the benefit of the Town. Proposed Charter Article 6. Financial Procedures.<br><br> § 6.1. Fiscal year. The fiscal year of the town shall begin on the first day of July and end on the last day of June.<br><br> § 6.2. Submission of budget and budget message. On or before the first day of May of each year, the manager shall submit to the council a budget for the ensuing fiscal year and an ac- companying message.<br><br> § 6.3. Budget message. The manager 9s message shall explain the budget both in fiscal terms and in terms of the work programs.<br><br> It shall explain the proposed fi- nancial policies of the town for the ensuing fiscal year, describe the important features of the budget, indicate any major changes from the current year in financial policies, expenditures, and revenues to- gether with the reasons for such changes, summarize the town 9s debt position and include such other material as the manager deems desir- able. (Continued on next page) Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 11 Current Charter Proposed Charter § 6.4. Budget.<br><br> The budget shall provide a complete financial plan of all town funds and activities for the ensuing fiscal year and, except as required by law or this charter, shall be in such form as the manager deems desirable or the council may require. In organizing the budget the manager shall utilize the most feasible combination of expenditure classification by fund, organization unit, program, purpose or activity, and object. The budget shall begin with a clear, general summary of its contents; shall show in detail all estimated income, indicating the proposed tax levies, and all proposed expenditures, including debt service, for the ensuing fiscal year; and shall be so arranged as to show comparative figures for actual income and expenditures of the preceding fiscal year.<br><br> The budget shall indicate in separate sections: 1. Proposed expenditures for current operations during the ensuing fis- cal year, detailed by offices, departments and agencies in terms of their respective work programs, and the method of financing such expendi- tures; 2. Proposed capital expenditures during the ensuing fiscal year, detailed by offices, departments and agencies when practicable, and the pro- posed method of financing each such capital expenditure; and 3.<br><br> Anticipated net income or net loss for the ensuing fiscal year of each utility owned or operated by the town and the proposed method of its disposition; the manager shall include in the budget subsidiary budgets for each such utility giving detailed income and expenditure information and proposed utility rates. The total of proposed expenditures shall not exceed the total of esti- mated available funds. (Continued on next page) Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 12 Current Charter Proposed Charter § 6.5.<br><br> Council action on budget. Pursuant to the provisions of general law, the council shall publish a brief synopsis of the budget in one or more newspapers having gen- eral circulation in the town and the time and place of a public hear- ing on the budget. After the public hearing, the council may adopt the budget with or without any amendment to increase, decrease, or change expendi- tures, revenues, programs, tax levies, or any other amendment that council deems necessary.<br><br> In amending the budget, council may add or increase programs or amounts and may delete or decrease any programs or amounts, except expenditures required by law or for debt service or for estimated cash deficit, provided that no amend- ment to the budget shall increase the authorized expenditures to any amount greater than the total of estimated available funds. The council shall, by ordinance or resolution, adopt the budget be- fore the first day of the fiscal year for which it is adopted, and said ordinance or resolution shall appropriate the amounts specified in the budget as expenditures from the funds indicated in the budget. § 6.6.<br><br> Public records. Copies of the budget and the capital program as adopted shall be public records and shall be made available to the public at suitable places in the town. (Continued on next page) Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 13 Current Charter Proposed Charter § 6.7.<br><br> Amendments after adoption. The council may amend the budget during the fiscal year pursuant to the provisions of general law by the adoption of an ordinance or resolution. To meet a public emergency affecting life, health, property or the public peace, the council may make emergency appropriations.<br><br> Such appropriations may be made by ordinance or resolution. To the ex- tent that there are no available unappropriated funds to meet such appropriations, the council may, with the adoption of such ordi- nances or resolutions, authorize the issuance of emergency notes, which may be renewed from time to time, all as may be authorized by the Constitution and general law, but the emergency notes and re- newals of any fiscal year shall be paid not later than the last day of the fiscal year next succeeding that in which the emergency appro- priation was made. If at any time during the fiscal year it appears probable to the man- ager that the funds available will be insufficient to meet the amount appropriated, then the manager shall report to the council without delay, indicating the estimated amount of the deficit, any remedial action taken and recommendations as to any other steps to be taken.<br><br> The council shall then take such further action as it deems necessary to prevent or minimize any deficit and for that purpose it may by or- dinance or resolution reduce one or more appropriations. At any time during the fiscal year the manager may transfer part or all of any unencumbered appropriation balance among programs, departments, office, or agency. (Continued on next page) Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 14 Current Charter Proposed Charter § 6.8.<br><br> Lapse of appropriations. Every appropriation, except an appropriation for a capital expendi- ture, shall lapse at the close of the fiscal year to the extent that it has not been expended or encumbered by the manager. An appropriation for a capital expenditure shall continue in force until the purpose for which it was made has been accomplished or abandoned.<br><br> § 6.9. Debts and bonds. The council of the town shall be empowered to borrow such sum or sums of money as may be necessary or convenient, subject to such limitations that are now or may be imposed by the Constitution and the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia.<br><br> The council of the town shall be empowered to issue revenue bonds as may be necessary or convenient in the manner prescribed by law. § 6.10. Assessments of local improvements.<br><br> The council may impose special assessments for local improvements and force payment thereof, subject to such limitations prescribed by the laws of the Commonwealth as may be in force at the time of the imposition of such special assessments. The council may provide that the persons, firms, and corporations against whom the special assessments have been made may pay such assessments in equal installments over a period not exceeding ten years, together with interest on the unpaid balances as allowed by the Constitution and the general laws of the Commonwealth. Town of Windsor Charter Comparison 15<br><br>