DIPLOMA IN LANDSCAPE DESIGN AND HORTICULTURE COURSE CURRICULUM (Revised Version 1) Centre for Housing Planning and Building (CHPB) 33, Sunil Mawatha, Pelawatta, Battaramulla December 2003 Diploma in Landscape Design and Horticulture (DLDH) COURSE CURRICULUM Learning and Output Objectives At the end of the Diploma Course, participants should be able to; define the terminology of the subject use drawing instrument in landscape drawing explain basic drawing techniques for graphic communication describe guidelines applied for plan drawing related to landscaping draw perspectives practice free hand sketches and scribal drawings apply sculpture in landscaping explain basic Biology describe relevance of ecology in landscape designing explain the importance of ecology in environmental and planning work identify the elements of landscape design and horticulture explain landscape traditions of Sri Lanka express landscape planning and process of designing a landscape project sketch outline landscape design prepare a detail landscape design for a given site introduce soft landscaping classify plant materials practice planting methods manage a nursery maintain a landscape garden describe hard landscape materials and technology explain procedure related to landscape contracts write specifications for landscape work prepare estimates landscape projects Structure of the Course Introductory Module (IS) Module 1 (M1) - Ecology, Man and Environment ... more. less.
Module 2 (M2) - Soft Landscape Materials and Technology Module 3 (M3) - Hard Landscape Materials and Technology Module 4 (M4) - Landscape Planning and Design INTRODUCTORY MODULE Structure of the Module This module will be structured with the following sub units: IS 3 01 - Inaugural session IS 3 02 - Course Overview IS 3 03 - Landscape History IS 3 04 - Landscape Drawing IS 3 05 - Basic Biology IS 3 01: Inaugural Session Duration: 01 hour Session Outline This session will comprise the following activities: Inauguration of the Diploma Course in Landscape Design and Horticulture Welcome and course introduction by the Course Coordinator Inaugural speech delivered by the Chief Guest Vote of thanks at the end of the inaugural session IS 3 02: Course Overview Duration: Learning Objectives At the end of the session, the facilitator should have provided the course over view (purpose, programme, involvement and contribution and commitment from the side of participants) Session outline and methodology 1. Present the purpose of the course 2. Present the learning or output objectives 3.<br><br> Explain the outline, flow of modules and topics therein and the Programme) 4. Explain the methodology of the course 5. Explain other components of the course 6.<br><br> Explain the requirement of attendance and the importance of punctuality IS 3 03 - Landscape History Duration: Learning Objectives At the and of this unit, participants will be able to; understand historical concepts and development of Garden Design understand moghul and colonial landscapes of Asia understand the development of Japanese Garden understand concepts and landscape traditions of Sri Lanka Key Concepts A general awareness of the history of garden design, general study of Asian Context, introduction to development of Japanese gardens and a detail study of principles, concepts and landscape traditions of Sri Lanka should be given to the participants. Without this background, it is difficult for participants to understand and relate traditional concepts during the process of designing landscape gardens, which should be harmonized with the local environment and appreciated by the Sri Lankan Culture. Unit outline and Methodology A.<br><br> Lectures on the following subject areas will be conducted under this Unit; Introduction to History of Garden Design: This lecture will include landscape work in the ancient time with examples from Persia, Rome, Italy, England, France, China, India and Sri Lanka Moghul and Colonial Landscapes of Asia: A general study of Asian Context and a detail study of Sri Lanka Context Development of Japanese Garden: A general lecture Traditional Landscape of Sri Lanka: The lectures on this topic will cover principles, concepts and applications with examples from traditional landscapes of Religious sites B. Following practical work will be included in this Unit; Demonstration on Bonsai in Landscaping Project assignment on Appreciation of selected Traditional Landscape Gardens in Sri Lanka followed by two-day site visit in selected gardens IS 3 04 - Landscape Drawing Duration: Learning Objectives At the end of this Unit, participants will be able to; use drawing instrument in landscape drawing explain basic drawing techniques for graphic communication describe guidelines applied for plan drawing related to landscaping draw perspectives practice free hand sketches and scribal drawings apply sculpture in landscaping Key Concepts Development of skills in Landscape Drawing is essentially required for a person to approach designing of Gardens. Participants without skills or with little experience in landscape drawing should be prepared with such ability oriented to continue course of studies in landscape designing.<br><br> Unit outline and Methodology Lectures and practical sessions will be carried out in following areas of study - (Participants with acceptable qualifications in Fine Arts or Draughtsmanship practice will be exempted from this Unit on recommendations made by Faculty of Lecturers to do so); Introduction to Drawing Instruments Basic drawing techniques for graphic communication Guidelines for plan drawing with special reference to landscaping Guidelines for detail drawings Conventional indications and presentation drawings Free hand sketches and scribble drawings Drawings of perspectives Sculpture in landscaping IS 3 05 - Basic Biology Duration: Learning Objectives At the and of this unit, participants will be able to; understand basics of Biology prepare themselves to study Ecology relate knowledge gained to further studies on environment related issues approach soft landscaping related technology Key Concepts Participants should have a basic knowledge in Biology for them to understand contents in soft landscaping and relate ecological and environmental concerns in designing landscape projects. Unit outline and Methodology Lectures and will be delivered in the following areas of study 3 Elements of Cell Structures and Function : This will include a comparative account of animal and plant cells, their nutrition, energy, transformation, excretion and cell division - ( 04 hours) Elementary Treatment of Plant from and Function : This will include an exposure to anatomy, diversity, reproduction and physiological processes such as water absorption, ascent of sap, translocation, transpiration and nutrient requirements. (Teaching should accommodate practical situation related to landscaping practices) (10 hours) Elementary Treatment of Animal Diversity : - with special reference to landscaping practices.<br><br> (02 hours) Module 1 (M1) - Ecology, Man and Environment Duration: Learning Objectives At the and of this Module, participants will be able to; describe relevance of ecology in landscape designing explain the importance of ecology in environmental and planning work The course curriculum will be divided into two (02) units namely; Unit A 3 Ecology Unit B 3 Man and Environment Unit A Area of study : Ecology Introduction to the Concept of Ecosystem : This will include biotic and abiotic components, their interactions, food webs, food chains, nutrient cycles etc. (06 hours) Introduction to Ecological Equilibrium and population dynamics : Factors related to population of a species and the elementary introduction to succession and climax community (04 hours) Vegetation Types of Sri Lanka : A brief comparative account of vegetation physiognomy in relation to changes of environmental factors (04 hours) Unit B Area of Study : Man and Environment Issues of Environmental Crisis : This will include deforestration, soil erosion, A treatment of Acid rain, ozone hole and glass house effect to be included (04 hours) Urban Environment : Components, their functions, the continuous inputs needed for their sustenance and a comparison with a natural climax community (02 hours) Conservation and Management : The current thinking in the area of environmental management using case studies. (02 hours) Development and Environmental Economics : Focus on the need to attach a value to environmental assets in accounting (02 hours) Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Biodiversity : (e + f - 08 hours theory + 01 month practical) Module 2 (M2) - Soft Landscape Materials and Technology Duration: Learning Objectives At the end of this Module, participants will be able to; introduce soft landscaping classify plant materials practice planting methods manage a nursery maintain a landscape garden Key Concepts Knowledge on Soft Landscaping is required to prepare a planting plan to be incorporated in to a landscape design.<br><br> Applications related to soft landscaping are sharing a major portion of an overall Landscape Design. Landscape designer should have knowledge on appropriateness of soft landscape materials those are to be used in different situations and locations. Session outline and Methodology Lectures will be delivered in the following areas of study 3 Practical sessions will also be conducted as necessary; Introduction to Soft Landscaping: This will include Climatology and Zoning of Sri Lanka, Selection of Plants and Value of natural shade loving plants for Out door landscaping (06 hrs.<br><br> theory & 03 hrs. practical) Classification of Plant Materials: This will include Trees, Srubs, Ground Covers, Climbers, Flowering Annuals and Perenials - Palms, Bamboos, Grass, Ferns, Agavies, Cycus, Water Plants, Cacti - Exotic Flowering Plants (Anthurium, Orchid and other Ornamental Plants) and Herbarium Techniques Planting Methods: Site preparation, Soil and use of fertilizer, Plant containerisation, Planting in salt atomostphere Nursery Management: Propergation methods, sead sawing, tissue culture, watering, making beds etc. Garden Maintenance: Plant diseases and pests control, use of garden tools and implements, gardening techniques, pruning, tree surgery, topiary and Bonsai Module 3 (M3) -Hard Landscape Materials and Technology Duration: Learning Objectives At the end of this Module, participants will be able to; describe hard landscape materials and technology explain procedure related to landscape contracts write specifications for landscape work prepare estimates landscape projects Key Concepts Landscape projects include civil engineering component.<br><br> Materials used in construction are mostly the materials to be used in constructing landscape projects. Background Information: This will include introduction about landscape profession, design the landscape and personnel involved in the profession and their role (Landscape Architect or Landscape Designer, Landscape Assistants, Landscape Contractors, Landscape Supervisors, Landscape Gardeners) Landscape Gardening : This will clarify the role of the landscape gardener, carrier prospects in the profession, duties of a landscape gardener (implementation & maintenance), the volume and type of work involved and Overview of contract procedure (Type of contracts, contract management and supervision, Completion and handing over) Understanding a Landscape Drawing/Design : Focus on the reading a plan (Types of plans and functions, Outline/sketch plan, working detail plan and planting plan), Symbols used in landscape drawings (symbols are trees, shrubs, ground, covers etc. 3 hard landscape materials 3 electrical and plumbing work), Measurement and setting out (FPS & MKS Systems, Scaling 3 FPS & MKS Systems, leveling, setting out a landscape design, methods of setting out) Hard Landscape Materials: Types of Bricks and their uses in Landscape construction (Copings, Walls, Paths, Edgings, Channels, Steps, Tree Grids, Plant Troughs, Special Features, Bonding and Laying Patterns, Finishes and maintenance of brick structures) Concrete: Introduction to concrete and its constituents, Use of concrete as a hard landscape material (pre-cast items 3 slabs, copings, edgings, channels, tree grids, steps driveways for heavy vehicular movements, special concrete features etc.) 3 Laying (in- suit and pre-cast) Construction processes, from work etc.<br><br> 3 Finishes and maintenance of concrete surfaces. Granite (Rocks): Type of rock found in Sri Lanka. Uses 3 Retaining walls, freestanding walls, copings, pedestrian paths, vehicular paths, tree grids, plant troughs, Channels, steps etc.<br><br> Construction and Laying 3 laying patterns. Finishes 3 Random rubble masonry, Dry rubble masonry, fair-faced random rubble masonry etc. and Maintenance .<br><br> Timber (wood): Type of timber used as landscape materials. Uses of timber 3 Fences, gates, low rails, garden furniture, steps, special features etc. and Knowledge of basic carpentry.<br><br> Finishes 3 Painting, polishing etc. and Maintenance of wooden structures. Steel: Type of steel used as landscape materials.<br><br> Uses - Fences, Gates, Tree grids, manhole covers, special features etc. and Basic knowledge in welding and steel fabrication and finally finishes. Fiberglass: Fiberglass as a landscape material and its uses, Manufacture of fiberglass features and finishes and maintenance.<br><br> Other miscellaneous materials: Plastic, Rubber, Glass etc. Lighting: this focuses on Outdoor (Garden) Lighting (Type of garden lights, uses, special features etc. and Installation and maintenance of garden lights) and Underwater lighting (Types, Uses, functions etc.<br><br> and Installation and maintenance of Underwater lights) Construction of Water Features: This will include Pumps - Introduction to pumps, their types and uses and type of pumps used in special purposes finally Installation and maintenance. Water features 3 pound & pools, setting out and construction processes, Finishes and maintenances. Waterfalls - Construction of waterfalls and cascades, Setting out and construction processes and Finishes and maintenances.<br><br> Fountains 3 Type and special effect fountains, setting out and construction processes and Finishes and maintenance. Ferrocement Structures: This area covered - introduction to Ferrocement techniques, Uses as a hard landscape materials, Construction process and Finishes and maintenance. Irrigation Systems: This will include Introduction to irrigation system and Installation and maintenance.<br><br> Machinery Used in Landscape Construction: this focuses on Introduction to I.C. engines, electric motors etc., Functions and uses of the following machinery (Concrete and mortar mixtures, poker vibrators, air compressors, Grinders and bar cutters, demolishing tools and bulldozers etc. and maintenance.<br><br> Module 4 (M4) - Landscape Planning and Design The course curriculum will be divided into two (02) units namely; Unit A 3 Landscape Planning and Design Process Unit B 3 Landscape Contracts Unit A Area of study : Landscape Planning and Design Process: Landscape Planning: Introduction to landscape design, the role of landscape designer, identification of landscape character zones, site planning and study of the physical environment, designing and planning criteria and space modulation and scheme tic landscape design. Landscape Design Process: Commissioning, site survey and investigation, site appreciation and analysis, outline landscape design and detail landscape design. Special Applications: Design of garden adornments, roof gardens, rain forced grass, parking areas, play grounds, children 9s parks, sports fields etc.<br><br> and water in the landscape. The Nature of Colour: Contrast and harmony in landscape design. Unit B Area of study : Landscape Contracts: This will includes Contract procedure with special reference to landscape work, specifications for landscape work, standard methods of measurements for landscape work and landscape estimating.<br><br>