1990 Audi 100 Audi 100 quattro Owner 9s Manual Your new Audi represents a consummate blend of sophisticated automotive technology and old world German craftmanship. It has been manufactured at the finest production facilities in the world, where the past and the future have come together. Where generations of dedicated Audi craftsmen exercise a lineage of Audi thought, technique and pride.
As a descendant of the finest motorcars in Germany, Audi began as an image in the minds of these craftsmen and was the nurtured in their hands. This proud heritage originated with the prominent coach builders of the Auto Union- Horch, Audi, Wanderer &DKW. Their vision and their practice continues in the creation of the most actively safe and reliable motorcars we can manufacture.
We do this to make you the most assured driver you can be. 2 Your new Audi may have all or some of the equipment described in this manual. Therefore, you may find explanations of equipment not installed in your vehicle.
Check with your authorized Audi dealer on available options or accessories. Your Owner's Manual applies to all Audi 100 and Audi 100 quattro models currently sold in the USA and Canada, It contains important operating safety information. ... more. less.
Keep this booklet in your glove box at all times for ready reference.<br><br> Read it before you drive your new vehicle. Pay particular attention to the "Break-in period hints" and to all points listed under "Vehicle operation". Acquaint yourself with your vehicle's features and know how to operate it more safely.<br><br> The more you know about your Audi, the more you will enjoy driving it. For your own protection and longer service life of your vehicle, always heed our instructions and warnings. Ignoring them could result in extensive damage or serious personal injury.<br><br> Note WARNINGS concern safety and are color identified throughout this manual. Please note that the items of equipment marked with an asterisk* may be standard on certain models but are only available as options on other models. In addition to this Owner's Manual, your Audi 100/Audi 100 quattro comes with § the Radio Operating Instructions, § the Warranty Booklet and § the Maintenance Booklet.<br><br> Your Warranty booklet which is a separate booklet, contains detailed information about the warranties covering your Audi. Your Maintenance booklet which is a separate brochure, explains how you can keep your Audi in top driving condition by having it serviced regularly. Always have the Maintenance booklet with you when you take your vehicle to an Audi dealer for service.<br><br> Your Service Adviser will record each scheduled service. In Canada, these manuals are also available in French. To obtain a copy, contact your dealer or write to: Au Canada on peut se procurer un exe- mpliaire de ce Manuel en francais aupres du concessionnaire ou de: Volkswagen Canada, Inc.<br><br> Customer Assistance Assistance a la Clientele 1940 Eglinton Ave. East Scarborough, Ontario M1L2M2. If you sell your Audi the Owner's Manual, the Warranty book- let and the Maintenance booklet should be left in the vehicle to make the Warran- ty terms as well as all operating, safety and maintenance information available to the next owner.<br><br> If you change your address or if you bought this Audi used be sure to send in a "Notice of Address Change" / "Notice of Used Car Purch- ase" post card, This card can be found in the Warranty booklet or obtained from your Audi dealer. It is in your own interest that we can contact you should the need arise. 3 INSTRUMENT PANEL Illustration instruments and controls..........................................4 Warning and indicator light symbols................................................6 CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT Keys, central locking system.............7,8 Anti-theft alarm system ......................11 Power windows, mirrors...............12, 13 Safety belts, head restraints..............................15, 22 Seats, ski sack .............................23, 28 Luggage compartment, Pedals...........................................<br><br> 30,33 Brakes, transmission............... 34,38,39 Steering lock/ignition/ starter switch......................................42 Starting procedures............................43 Instrument cluster...............................44 Warning/indicators lights....................47 Auto-check system.............................52 Trip computer.....................................56 Switches.............................................59 Light switch, turn signals, cruise control................................62, 63 Windshield wipers, emergency flasher........................64, 65 Heating, electronic climate control system..............................66, 70 Sliding / prop-up roof..........................73 Telephone...........................................76 Roof rack............................................80 VEHICLE OPERATION Break-in period 3 and afterwards.......81 Operate your vehicle safely................82 Operate your vehicle economically and minimize pollution........................84 Trailer towing......................................85 Driving your Audi 100quattro..............87 VEHICLE CARE Fuel tank, fuel supply.....................90,91 Vehicle care (exterior/interior)............94 Maintenance, inspection intervals......99 Engine hood, engine compartment..................101,102 Lubricants, engine oil.................104,105 Engine oil filter..................................108 Transmission oil................................109 Power steering and brake booster...111 Brake fluid.........................................112 Cooling system.................................113 Battery ..............................................116 Windshield washers/wipers..............119 Tires/wheels......................................121 Difficult operating conditions............127 Winter driving....................................128 Accessories......................................129 DO-IT-YOURSELF SERVICE Jack and tools...................................130 Compact spare wheel.......................132 Changing a wheel.............................133 Fuses, bulbs.............................136, 138 Adjusting headlights .........................143 Replacing the radio...........................144 Emergency starting...........................145 Emergency towing............................148 Lifting vehicle....................................150 TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION Engine transmission.........................151 Suspension, brakes, steering, body.152 Emission control system...................153 Digital electronic ignition...................155 All-Wheel drive..................................156 Safety system "ten", Air bag......159,160 TECHNICAL DATA Engine, spark plugs. V-belts......162,163 Capacities, dimensions.....................164 Weights.............................................165 Vehicle identification.........................166 CONSUMER INFORMATION Service manuals...............................167 GAS STATION INFORMATION Location of servicing points..............170 ALPHABETICAL INDEX Alphabetical index.............................172 INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS 4 INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS 4 INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS 5 page 1 3 Door Handle..............................................................8 2 3 Seat Position memory switch control......................25 3 3 Power window switches..........................................12 4 3 Adjuster control for outside mirrors.........................13 5 3 Turn signal/headlight dimmer switch lever..............62 Cruise control..........................................................63 6 3 Light switch..............................................................62 7 3 Side window defroster nozzles................................66 8 3 Emergency flasher switch lever..............................65 9 3 Windshield wiper/washer lever................................64 Trip computer function control switch .....................56 10 3 Steering lock/ignition/starter switch.........................42 11 3 Instrument cluster and warning/indicator lights.......44 12 3 Thumbwheel for air vents........................................66 13 3 Air vents...................................................................66 page 14 3 Switches for 3 Electrically heated driver 9s seat..............................59 3 Rear window defogger............................................59 3 Rear fog light...........................................................59 3 Anti-lock brake system (ABS).................................60 3 Electrically heated front passenger's seat..............59 3 Storage tray............................................................79 15 3 Radio 1) 16 3 Glove compartment (lockable) ...............................78 17 3 Climate controls......................................................66 18 3 Ashtray....................................................................78 19 3 Parking brake lever.................................................37 20 3 Differential lock (Audi 100 quattro).........................61 21 3 Horn......................................................................160 Air bag 2) 22 3 Release lever for engine hood .............................101 23 3 Cigarette lighter/electrical socket............................77 24 3 Gearshift lever.........................................................38 Note Some features mentioned are standard equipment on some models only or are options on others.<br><br> 1) A separate brochure is provided for your factory-installed radio. If you replace your radio, please be sure to read the notes in the chapter "Do-it-yourself Service", page 144. 2) USA models only INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS WARNING AND INDICATOR LIGHT SYMBOLS *where applicable WARNING if one of the lights marked with "STOP" comes on suddenly while driving, move a safe distance off the road.<br><br> Turn off the engine, turn the emergency flasher on and use other warning devices to alert other motorists. Go to listed page in your owner's manual for explanations. 6 CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT KEYS 7 Your Audi comes with three keys: § two keys A (one with a light) § one key B.<br><br> All keys can be inserted into locks either way, Key A is the master key and fits all locks on the vehicle. To switch on key with light: § Press round button in the center of the key handle and hold. To replace battery or bulb: § Insert a coin in the slit at the side of the key head and pry out cover.<br><br> § Replace battery or bulb. Spare batteries or bulbs are available at your Audi dealer. Key B is the secondary key and is only for the doors, the steering/ignition lock, and the lockable tank cap.<br><br> The luggage compartment and glove compartment cannot be opened with this key. Tag C gives the key number. For your protection against theft: § Record the key number and keep it in a safe place, such as your wallet.<br><br> Do not keep it in the vehicle. § If you should lose a key, provide your Audi dealer with the key number to obtain a duplicate key. in addition to the plastic tag, there may also be a metal tag showing part of the vehicle identification number.<br><br> This tag is no longer required after the vehicle has been delivered. § Do not leave your vehicle unattended with the key in the ignition lock. Take the key and lock the doors.<br><br> A chime will sound when you open the driver's door with the key left in the ignition lock. This is your reminder to remove the key and lock the doors. If the chime continues to sound after pulling out the ignition key and opening the door, you have forgotten to turn off the headlight switch and/or the radio.<br><br> WARNING § Do not leave children unattended in the vehicle especially with access to vehicle keys. Unsupervised use of the keys can result in starting of the engine and use of vehicle systems such as power windows, power sunroof, etc. Unsupervised use of these systems can result in serious personal injury.<br><br> § Do not remove key from steering lock while you are driving or as the vehicle is rolling to a stop. The steering column wilt lock when you remove the key, and you will not be able to steer the vehicle. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT EM CENTRAL LOCKING SYST 8 The central locking system locks or un- locks doors and the rear lid simulta- neously.<br><br> It is actuated from the driver's or front passenger's door. When the ignition key is fully inserted in the ignition lock, the central locking function from the front passenger's door is partially deactivated: raising the locking knob in the front passenger's door will unlock all doors, however, depressing the locking knob will only lock this particular door. When the central locking system is actu- ated, all locking knobs on window sills should move simultaneously.<br><br> If one knob does not move when locking doors, open that particular door and close it properly. If the driver's door is open , it cannot be locked from the front passenger's door. When you unlock the driver's or front passenger's door with the key from the outside or raise the locking knob in either front door from the inside, wait until all locking knobs are raised before you open one of the doors.<br><br> In the winter, it can take a few seconds until all knobs are raised. The rear lid can be locked and unlocked individually with the key; manual lock operation will override the power lock system. To lock, unlock and open doors from the outside § Lock and unlock, turn master or sec- ondary key in lock of driver's or front passenger's door.<br><br> § Open the doors by pulling up on the handle (arrow). § All doors (except the driver's door) can be locked by first depressing locking knob and then closing the door. § The driver's door can only be locked from the outside with the key.<br><br> This pre- caution was taken to prevent locking the driver's door while the key is still inside the vehicle. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 9 To lock, unlock and open doors from the inside § To lock or unlock depress or raise the locking knob on the window sill of the front doors. When the key is fully inserted in the ignition lock, the doors can only be locked simultaneously by actuating the locking knob in the driver's door.<br><br> Depressing the knob will lock all doors and prevent opening the doors from inside and outside. § To open doors, raise locking knob in driver's or front passenger's door and pull the inside door handle. The rear doors can be locked or unlocked independently of the central locking system with the locking knob in each particular door.<br><br> WARNING § Locking doors from the inside can help prevent inadvertent door opening during an accident and generally while the vehicle is in motion. Locked doors can also prevent unwanted entry from the outside. Locked doors can, however, also delay assistance to vehicle occupants and rescue from the outside in the event of an accident or other emergency.<br><br> § Do not leave children inside the vehicle without supervision, if the locking knobs in the driver's or front passenger's door are depressed, all doors will be locked automatically. In an emergency it would be impossible to open the doors from outside without a key. Child lock for rear doors To prevent children riding in the back seat from accidentally opening the rear doors, a safety mechanism is provided.<br><br> § To engage child lock, move small lever at lower edge of lock inward. § Close door. § Child lock is securely engaged if rear doors cannot be opened from the inside with locking knob in either raised or depressed position.<br><br> Rear doors can be opened from the outside only when locking knob is raised. Remember, when the child safety locks are engaged, the rear doors can only be opened from the outside Deactivate child lock when no longer required. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 10 Rear Iid § With the key slot in horizontal position (a), the lid can be locked and unlocked by the central locking system.<br><br> § With key slot in vertical position (b), the rear lid remains locked when actuating the central locking system. This provision has been made to facilitate permanent locking of the rear lid when leaving your vehicle in a public garage or workshop. Take master key with you and leave secondary key with attendant.<br><br> If the rear lid is closed with lock slot in vertical position, the luggage compartment can only be opened with the master key: § Insert key in lock slot. § Turn key all the way to the right (c) and hold in this position. § Press lock cylinder in and raise lid, § Remove key.<br><br> The luggage compartment light will come on when the rear lid is opened. § To close rear lid, swing lid down firmly. Keep the rear lid locked at all times to prevent unauthorized access to the vehicle.<br><br> WARNING § When closing the rear lid of the Wagon/Avant always check whether the catch has engaged properly by trying to lift the lid. If this is not the case, the lid may suddenly fly open while driving even though it has been locked. § To help prevent poisonous exhaust gas from being drawn into the vehicle, always keep the rear lid closed while driving.<br><br> Do not transport objects larger than those fitting safely into the luggage area. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT HEATED DOOR LOCKS* ANTI-THEFT ALARM SYSTEM 1 ) 11 On vehicles with heated front door locks the heating in the lock cylinder is activated by briefly pulling the door handle. The heating operates at ambient temperatures below about 41° F or +5°C.<br><br> The element stays on for a predetermined period which is controlled automatically according to the ambient temperature, but not longer than about 50 seconds. It is not possible to extend this period by pulling the door handle continuously. Once the heating has switched itself off, it can be reactivated by pulling the door handle again.<br><br> . . 1 )USA Models only The anti-theft alarm system triggers an acoustic alarm and switches on the emergency flasher if it senses unaut- horized interference with the vehicle.<br><br> When the vehicle is locked the alarm system monitors and protects the following parts of the vehicle: § engine compartment § luggage compartment § doors § radio § ignition. The windows and sliding/prop-up roof * are not monitored. The alarm system is switched on auto- matically when the driver's or front pas- senger's door is locked, and switches off when either door is unlocked.<br><br> The sys- tem becomes active about 30 seconds after the vehicle is locked. The horn sounds briefly when the vehicle is locked to confirm that the alarm system is operative and that all doors are properly closed. If the horn does not sound, check trie doors and close them properly.<br><br> The horn will not sound if a door is closed when the system is already switched on. * * where applicable The rear lid can be opened separately with the key even when the system is active. This will not trigger the alarm.<br><br> When the rear lid is closed the luggage compartment will again be included in the alarm circuit. The alarm will be triggered if one of the doors, the engine hood or the rear lid are opened without using the key, or if the ignition is switched on or the radio removed. When the alarm is triggered the horn sounds and all four turn signals flash simultaneously for about 4 minutes.<br><br> The engine cannot be started until the system is switched off with the key at either the driver's or front passenger's door. The alarm will be triggered a second time if one of the protected parts of the vehicle is interfered with again after the alarm has stopped (for instance if the radio is removed after one of the doors has been forced open). CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT POWER WINDOWS 12 Normally, the power windows can be opened and closed only with the ignition on.<br><br> However, when the ignition is off the windows can still be operated as long as the driver's door is closed. When the driver's door is opened, power window operation will be deactivated. The control switches for alt windows are installed in the armrest of the driver's door (see above illustration).<br><br> An additional switch is installed in each armrest for the convenience of front and rear passengers (see right illustration). § Switches 1 and 4 operate the front door windows. § Switches 2 and 3 operate the rear windows.<br><br> § Safety switch S serves to activate the switches in the rear doors. § To open the left front door window push the rear of switch 1 briefly. The window will open fully and quickly for the driver's convenience.<br><br> For intermediate open window positions, the front of switch 1 must be depressed briefly. § To close the left front door window, the front of switch 1 must be depressed continuously until the window is completely closed. WARNING Do not put anything on or near the windshield or any other window that may interfere with the driver's vision.<br><br> The rear windows can only be opened and closed and the cigarette lighter only works when the safety switch (S) in driver's door is depressed. This feature has been provided for the safety of small children riding in the rear of the vehicle. WARNING Do not leave children unattended in the vehicle especially with access to vehicle keys.<br><br> Unsupervised use of the keys can result in starting of the engine and use of vehicle systems such as power windows, power sunroof, etc. Unsupervised use of these systems can result in serious personal injury. Remember also that the power windows are inoperative only after the ignition key has been removed and the driver's door opened.<br><br> CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT MIRRORS Adjust the outside and inside mirrors before driving and after adjusting your seat to proper driving position. It is important for safe driving that you have good vision to the rear. 13 The outside mirrors are hinged and yield when struck from either direction.<br><br> WARNING § The right hand mirror has a curved (convex) surface. Always remember that vehicles or other objects seen in a convex mirror will look smaller and appear farther away than when seen in a flat mirror. Do not use this mirror to estimate distance of following cars when changing lanes.<br><br> § The left hand mirror may have an aspherical surface with different angles. This mirror increases the area of vision even more than a convex mirror. Therefore, do not use this mirror to estimate the distance of following cars when changing lanes.<br><br> Whenever possible, use the inside mirror to determine the actual distance and size of vehicles or objects seen in the convex mirror. Outside mirrors The outside mirror should be adjusted so that the side of your own vehicle can just be seen. This setting ensures the best possible field of view, and in addition it serves as an instant check on the mirror setting.<br><br> With the ignition on, both outside mirrors can be adjusted using the rocker switch (arrow). § Push button (L) to adjust the mirror on the driver's side, button (R) for the mirror on the passenger's side. § To adjust the position of the mirror, push the rocker switch in the direction you wish to move the mirror surface.<br><br> If the electrical adjustment of the mirror should not respond, the mirrors can still be adjusted by pushing lightly on the edge of the mirror glass. When the rear window defogger is switched on, the outside mirrors are electrically heated at the same time (see page 59). CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 14 Inside day-night mirror You can adjust the day-night mirror from clear daylight visibility to non-glare visibility at night by moving the lever at the bottom of the mirror.<br><br> To ensure the best possible anti-glare effect, the lever should be pointing forwards when the basic mirror setting is made. Daylight driving 3 lever to front Night driving 3 lever to rear CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT SAFETY BELTS 15 WARNING Safety belts have been shown to be the single most effective means avail- able for reducing the potential for serious injury and death in automobile accidents. Therefore for your own protection as well as that of your passengers always properly wear safety belts when the vehicle is in mo- tion.<br><br> Also pregnant women, injured or physically impaired persons should use safety belts. In order to provide the maximum level of protection safety belts must be property positioned on the body. Improperly positioned safety belts can cause serious personal injury in case of an accident.<br><br> Therefore read and always observe all of the following instructions and warnings pertaining to the use of the safety belts installed in your vehicle. § When fastening the tap/shoulder belt, the shoulder belt should be positioned midway over the shoulder - never across the neck. See illustration on page 19.<br><br> § Always make certain that the safety belt tongue is inserted into the safety belt buckle associated with the corresponding seat. Attaching the safety belt to the buckle for another seat could reduce safety belt effectiveness and cause injury. § The combination lap/shoulder belt on the front seats can be adjusted to fit comfortably 3 see page 18.<br><br> § Do not wear shoulder part of belt under your arm or otherwise out of position. This would increase the risk of serious injury in case of an accident. § Do not use comfort clips or devi- ces which create slack in the shoulder belt portion and can increase the risk of injury in an accident.<br><br> However such clips may be required in the proper use of some child restraint systems. § Never strap in more than one person, including small children, with each belt. It is especially dangerous to place a safety belt over a child sitting on your lap.<br><br> § The lap belt must be worn low and tight across the pelvis. Make sure any slack is wound on the retractor, § Belts should not be worn twisted. § Do not wear belts over rigid or breakable objects in or on your clothing, such as eye glasses, pens, keys, etc.<br><br> as these may cause injury. § Several layers of heavy clothing may interfere with proper positioning of belts and reduce the overall effectiveness of the system. § Keep belt buckles free of any obstruction that may prevent secure locking.<br><br> § Make sure the belts of the unoccupied seats are in their stowed positions. § Belts that have been subjected to excessive stretch forces in an accident must be replaced. § Belts must not rub against sharp objects.<br><br> § Do not allow safety belts to become damaged by becoming caught in door or seat hardware. § Inspect your belts periodically, If belts show damage to webbing, bindings, buckles or retractors, they must be replaced. § If belts do not work properly, see your Audi dealer.<br><br> § Do not modify or disassemble the safety belts in your vehicle. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 16 WARNING continued § The belts must be Kept clean as otherwise the retractors may not work property (also see "Vehicle care", page 97). § Never bleach or dye safety belts.<br><br> § Do not allow safety bells to retract until they are completely dry Child safety WARNING AH vehicle occupants and especially children should be restrained when ever riding In cars. Holding a child in your arms is not a substitute for a child restraint system. In an accident, a child held in a person's arms can be struck or crushed by any unrestrained rider.<br><br> An unrestrained child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being ejected from the vehicle during a sudden maneuver or impact Do not allow children to stand or kneel on the seat. A child restraint system can help protect a child in a car. Accident statistics have shown that children are generally safer in the rear seat area than in the front seating positions.<br><br> A suitable child restraint properly installed and used at one of the rear seating positions provides the highest degree of protection for infants and small children in most accident situations. Commercially available child seats are required to comply with U.S. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 213 (or in Canada, CMVSS 213).<br><br> These standards include installation requirements which utilize a tap belt or the lap portion of a combination lap-shoulder belt such as that installed in your vehicle. Should these safety belts be too short, a special lap belt adapter is available from your Audi dealer. When purchasing a child restraint, select one which properly fits your child and your car.<br><br> Only use child restraint systems which fully contact the flat portion of the seat cushion. The child seat must not tip or lean to either side. We do not recommend the use of child seats which rest on legs or tube-like frames because they do not provide adequate contact with the seat.<br><br> CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 17 Improperly or Inadequately instated child restraint systems can increase the risk of injury to children in accidents, therefore always carefully read and follow all instructions on installation and use that come with the system. Children must be positioned so that the shoulder belt does not contact or remain in front of the face, chin, neck or throat. Failure to follow this precaution can increase the risk or severity of injury in the event of a collision.<br><br> In summary: Children who are less than 12 years old should always sit in the rear. For reasons of safety a child should only occupy the front seat if all of the rear seating positions are already occupied by other children. The children should wear, depending on age and body size, either a child restraint system or the existing safety belts: § Babies and children up to about 6 or 7 years should be secured with a child restraint system designed for their size.<br><br> § Children of average size of about 6 or 7 years of age may use available safety belts. Always make sure that the shoulder portion of a three point belt is positioned midway over the shoulder 3 it must never rest against or across the neck. See illustration page 19.<br><br> The lap belt or the lap belt portion of the three point belt must always pass as low as possible across the pelvis, never over the abdomen. If the safety belt will not properly fit the child, we recommend the use of a suitable booster seat in a rear seating position in order to raise the child's seating height so that the safety belt will properly fit the child. CONTROLS AND E QUIPMENT Belt warning system A chime and a warning light are interconnected with the driver's safety belt.<br><br> Every time the ignition is turned on, the safety belt warning light will come on for about six seconds as a reminder to buckle up. If the driver does not fasten the safety belt, the chime will also come on for the duration of this six second period. With the driver's door closed, the chime will go off as soon as the driver has buckled up.<br><br> Adjusting shoulder seat belt The front seat shoulder belt anchor on the door pillar can be adjusted up or down to accommodate the height of the driver and the front passenger. The second position from top is the standard position. § To adjust push the handle up or down to position the shoulder belt midway over the shoulder 3 never across the neck .<br><br> See illustration on the next page. § Pull on the shoulder belt to check whether belt anchor is securely locked in place. 18 Always heed WARNINGS on page 15 Lap-shoulder belt The combination lap-shoulder belt is equipped with a locking retractor.<br><br> The system adjusts automatically to your size and movements as long as the pull on the belt is slow. Hard braking or a collision locks the belt. The belt will also lock when you drive up or down a steep hill or in a sharp curve.<br><br> § Before fastening the safety belt first adjust your seat-see page 23. § To fasten, grasp belt tongue and pull belt in continuous slow motion across your chest and lap. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 19 § Insert belt tongue into buckle on inboard side of seat.<br><br> Push down until it is securely locked with an audible click. Pull belt to check. § Pull upwards on shoulder section to make sure belt fits snugly across the pelvis.<br><br> § The shoulder belt must be posi- tioned over the shoulder 3 it must never rest against the neck . See illustration. § Belts should fit snugly across the pelvis and chest.<br><br> Make sure any slack is wound up on the retractor. § Adjust height of belt anchorage, if necessary. Do not wear shoulder part of belt under your arm or otherwise out of position.<br><br> This would increase the possibility of serious injury in case of an accident. § To unfasten belt, push in release button on buckle, Belt will spring out of buckle. § To release a locked belt, lean back to take the body pressure off the belt, § To store lap-shoulder belt, allow belt to wind upon retractor as you guide belt tongue to its stowed position.<br><br> Always heed WARNINGS on page 15 Lap belt The lap belt for the rear center seating position is equipped with a retractor. The automatic retractor will lock the lap belt when your passenger has buckled up, and the remaining slack has been retracted. Make sure any slack is wound on the retractor.<br><br> The belt can only be pulled out after it is fully retracted. § To fasten lap belt grasp belt tongue on outboard side of seat and slowly and evenly pull across the pelvis. Insert belt tongue into the respective buckle and push down until it is securely locked with an audible click.<br><br> Pull belt to check. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 20 WARNING § To reduce the risk of injury m an accident, position the lap belt as low as possible across the pelvis. § To unfasten belt, push in release button in the buckle.<br><br> § To fasten lap belt, grasp belt tongue on outboard side of seat, pull across pelvis and insert in inboard buckle. Always heed WARNINGS on page 15 During pregnancy Pregnant women should always wear safety belts. The lap belt must be worn snugly and as low as possible across the pelvis.<br><br> To avoid pressure on the abdomen the belt must never pass over the waist. Injured persons and the physically impaired We recommend that injured persons and the physically impaired wear safety belts whenever possible. Although the instructions provided above still apply, your doctor can give you special recommendations when necessary.<br><br> Safety systems ten The vehicle is equipped with the "ten" safety system which gives the driver and front passenger greater protection in an accident, provided that they are wearing safety belts . The system automatically pretensions the safety belt for the driver and the front seat passenger in the event of a severe frontal impact. The system is described on page 159.<br><br> Air bag 1 The air bag system, in conjunction with the "ten" safety system, gives the driver additional protection in a severe frontal impact, provided that he wears the safety belt . More details on page 160. 1 USA models only CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT Child restraint anchorages 21 (USA models) WARNING Children under about six years of age should not wear lap belts.<br><br> Depending upon the child restraint system to be fitted, additional anchorage points may be required for USA vehicles. Audi 100 sedans can be fitted with three anchorage points on the filler panel for use with certain types of child restraints requiring a tether strap. Ask your Audi dealer for installation of one or more anchor points and the required hardware for the attachment of the tether.<br><br> Child restraint anchorages (Canada models) If your child restraint seat or seats require the use of a tether strap you will want to use one or more of the three anchor points provided on the filler panel behind the rear seat on sedan models. The right and the centre child restraint anchorage are shown in the illustration (see arrows}. The right anchor point comes with the hardware needed to attach the tether strap.<br><br> The other two anchor points have been covered with plastic caps. The hardware can be moved to one of the other anchor points if required. If more than one child restraint system is to be used at the same time, the necessary upper anchorage fitting must first be mounted on the respective anchor point.<br><br> The hexagon headed bolts, spacers and fittings required for this purpose are available from Audi dealers. In the Avant models the three anchor points have been installed under the cargo floor. The center anchor point comes with the necessary anchor fitting to attach a tether strap (see illustration).<br><br> If necessary, the factory installed anchor fitting can also be repositioned to any of the other two anchorage points. If more than one child restraint is to be used at the same time, the necessary anchor fitting must first be mounted on the other anchorage points accordingly. The hexagon head bolts and fittings assemblies required for this purpose are available from Audi dealers.<br><br> Always heed WARNINGS on page 15 CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT HEAD RESTRAINTS To ensure proper installation the anchor fittings or fitting assemblies should be installed or repositioned by your Audi dealer. 22 WARNING § Child restraint anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted child restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seal belts or harnesses.<br><br> § Do not mount two child restraint seats on one anchor point. The padded head restraints on the front seats are adjustable. Position front seat head restraints according to the occupant's height.<br><br> Only properly positioned head restraints, together with the use of safety belts offer effective protection. § For height adjustment, grasp firmly with both hands and pull up or push down. § For maximum protection the upper edge should be at eye level.<br><br> WARNING Do not drive the vehicle without the head restraints provided. Head restraints are designed to help reduce injuries. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT SEATS 23 WARNING § For driver's and passenger's protection make sure front seats are securely latched in place, § Do not adjust the seat while the vehicle is in motion.<br><br> The seat may move unexpectedly which could cause sudden loss of vehicle control or personal injury. . § Never store items under the seats.<br><br> This could interfere with the seat adjustment. § The front seats should be adjusted before fastening the safety belts. Manually adjustable seats * 1 3 Forward and backward adjustment § Pull lever in front of seat.<br><br> § Slide seat to desired position. § Release the handle and move seat slightly back and forth to make sure it is securely locked into position. 2 3 Seatback adjustment Turn wheel at inboard side of seat cushion, with your body weight taken off the seatback.<br><br> * where applicable WARNING To reduce the risk of serious persona) injury in an accident, front seat passengers must never ride in a moving vehicle with the seatback reclined. The risk of personal injury will increase with increasing rearward angle of the seatback. Safety belts only offer optimum protection when the seat back is upright and belts are properly positioned on the body.<br><br> Improperly positioned safety belts cause serious personal injury in an accident. 3- Lumbar support adjustment 1 Adjust the backrest support by turning the adjuster knob in the backrest adjuster wheel. More or less support adjusts to the natural curve of your lower back to minimize fatigue, especially during long trips.<br><br> On vehicles with electrical seat adjustment , the lumbar support is adjusted by turning the adjuster wheel, not the adjuster knob. 1 USA models only CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 24 1) USA models only 4 3 Height adjustment 1) § Shift your body weight forward and pull lever on outer side of seat upwards. § Raise the seat by shifting your body weight forward and lower the seat by shifting your weight backward.<br><br> § Release the lever to lock the seat at the desired height. Height adjustment of head restraints Head restraints must be adjusted according to seating height of the respective occupant. See page 22.<br><br> Electrically adjustable seats * The seat adjustment control switches are located on outboard side of seats. The controls also work with the ignition off. WARNING Because the electrical seat adjustment works also with ignition key removed, never leave children unattended in the vehicle.<br><br> Unsupervised use of the electrical seat adjustments may cause serious injury. * where applicable Switch A up - seat cushion rises at front down - seat cushion lowers at front Switch B Adjustment control for reach and height: 1 - seat moves up 2 - seat moves rearward 3 - seat moves down 4 - seat moves forward Switch C up - seat cushion rises at rear down - seat cushion lowers at rear Switch D forward - backrest moves forward rearward - backrest moves rearward Lumbar support adjustment* see previous page. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 25 Memory switch controls For the driver 9s convenience, an electric control panel for storage of 4 different seat positions has been installed in the door panel.<br><br> ON-OFF switch During storage and recall, the switch must be pressed in the "ON" position. In case of a malfunction, switch the memory system off by pressing the switch to the "OFF" position . Have your Audi dealer locate and correct the problem.<br><br> Until then, use switches on outboard side of seat only. To store seat position in memory Adjust seat with controls on outboard side of seat. Depress and hold memory bar and depress one of the 4 buttons to store the desired position.<br><br> Each successive storage under the same button cancels the previous one. To recall seat position from memory With door open or within approximately 30 seconds after closing door, briefly push the desired recall button. The seat will adjust automatically to the stored position.<br><br> With doors closed, hold recall button depressed until seat has reached the stored position. WARNING Do not recall seat position from memory while the vehicle is in motion. Electrically heated seats * With ignition on the backrests and seat cushions of the front seats and the left and right seating position of the rear seat bench* can be heated electrically.<br><br> See page 59 for details. * where applicable CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 26 * where applicable Center arm rest * § To fold up, swing the armrest up until it locks in place. § To fold down, push in the button (arrow) and swing armrest alt the way down.<br><br> § To adjust height, pull armrest up until it is in the desired position. WARNING The armrest can restrict the driver's movement when it is pulled down. Therefore fold up the armrest when driving in urban traffic.<br><br> Armrest for car telephone* 3 see page 76. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT FILLER PANEL HEADPHONE CONNECTION* WARNING 27 § The filler panel between the rear seat and the rear window must not be used for storage, even for small and light items. § During sudden stops, stored articles may fly forward causing injury to vehicle occupants.<br><br> § Even small objects can obstruct the rear vision necessary for safe driving. § Stored articles chafing against the rear window can damage the defroster wires. With certain types of radio there is a headphone connection on the filler panel * that enables the rear passengers to listen through either the rear loudspeakers or headphones.<br><br> A selector switch is provi- ded on the headphone connection: * where applicable switch in upper position: loudspeakers switch in lower position: headphones Volume is controlled in the normal way with the volume and/or fader controls on the radio. Suitable headphones can be obtained from Audi dealers. CONTROLS AND EQ SKI SACK* UIPMENT 28 * where applicable By using the ski sack * , you can transport skis or other long objects safely and without soiling or damaging the vehicle interior.<br><br> Loading the ski sack The ski sack is accessible from the rear seat, § Fold out center armrest in the rear seat backrest. Remove if desired (see next page). § Open the Velcro fastener.<br><br> Push the release button for the flap (see illustration and arrow}. § Pull out and unfold the ski sack. § Open the zipper in the ski sack, reach in and push the flap upwards all the way.<br><br> The flap will be held open by a magnet. § Open the luggage compartment lid and clear a space in the center. § Load skis or similar objects through the luggage compartment into the interior of the vehicle.<br><br> § Secure the ski sack using the center lap belt as shown in the illustration, right column. § Pull the seatbelt out and wrap it once from underneath around the ski sack. - insert the belt tongue into the buckle.<br><br> To tighten, pull the belt on the other end and allow the excess length of the belt to retract. Stowing the ski sack § Reach through the zipper opening and close the flap. § Fold the ski sack and stow it away.<br><br> Close the Velcro fastener. Note Do not fold and stow away the ski sack if it is damp (for example, snow melting from skis). A water drain is provided on the end of the ski bag for this purpose.<br><br> WARNING The ski sack is intended only for the transportation of skis and other light objects. To reduce the risk of serious personal injury never transport heavy or pointed objects in the ski sack. When braking rapidly or during an accident the load could be displaced and cause injury to occupants.<br><br> Sharp edges on the load must be covered for protection. Always fasten the center lap belt tightly around the sack and its contents (see illustration and descrip- tion) CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 29 Removing and reinstalling center armrest § The center armrest can be taken out for convenience when using the ski sack. § Push aside the backrest upholstery on each side of the armrest to expose the armrest mountings.<br><br> § Press back the catch (arrow) on each side and lift out the armrest. When reinstalling the armrest, push it down into its mountings. Make sure that the pins engage in the catches properly.<br><br> CONTROLS AND EQ LUGGAGE COMPARTM UIPMENT T EN Cargo weight should be located in the luggage compartment as far forward as possible. WARNING § To help prevent poisonous exhaust gas from being drawn into the vehicle, always keep the rear lid closed while driving. Therefore, do not transport objects larger than those fitting safely into the luggage area.<br><br> To reduce the risk of personal injury during a collision or sudden maneuver: 30 § Take extra care when stowing articles in the vehicle, whenever possible stow articles in the luggage compartment § If it is necessary to stow luggage or other items inside the passenger compartment, be sure that they cannot fly forward in an accident or sudden maneuver and injure occupants. § Never exceed the Gross Axle Weight Rating or the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating which are specified on the safety compliance sticker located on the left door jamb. Exceeding permissible weight ratings can result in vehicle damage, accidents and personal injury.<br><br> See also page 165. Storage space for small items The covers of the left and right wells in the trunk can be folded up to stow small items. In the Wagon/Avant, a small storage compartment is behind the right side trim in the luggage compartment.<br><br> Expanding luggage compartment (Wagon/Avant only) The rear seatback is divided into two sections which can be folded forward together or individually to increase the loading surface of the luggage compartment. § Press the release lever forward on the left or right of the seatback (arrow) and fold the seatback down onto the seat cushion. § On vehicles with rear head restraints, these do not have to be removed beforehand.<br><br> When the seatback is returned to its normal position, make sure that the catches on the seatback engage properly. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 31 Luggage compartment cover (Wagon/Avant only) To unfold cover § Pull folded cover back evenly until both ends of rod A engage in the rear portion of the guide rails with an audible click. § Press both ends of rod B into the retainers on the side trim.<br><br> To fold cover § Pull both ends of the rod out of the recesses and push cover in evenly in a straight line towards seatback until stop. To remove § Fold rear seatback forward. § Push down both covers on guide rails.<br><br> § Pull luggage compartment cover out of guide rails evenly and in a straight line. To install § Fold rear seatback forward and push down both covers on guide rails. § Take up position on the rear seat and insert rods on cover in guide rails and push towards the rear.<br><br> § Lift up both caps on guide rails. § Pull front rod forward until it engages in both covers CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT WARNING 32 § The luggage compartment cover between the rear seat and the rear window must not be used for storage, even for small and light items. § During sudden stops, stored articles may fly forward causing injury to vehicle occupants.<br><br> § Even small objects can obstruct the rear vision necessary for safe driving. § Stored articles chafing against the rear window can damage the defroster wires Cargo floor (Wagon Avant only} For maximum capacity, or for gaining access to the spare wheel well, the cargo floor can be lifted (arrow) and folded forward towards the rear bench seat. To remove § Fold cargo floor forward.<br><br> § Unscrew the upper screw in mountings on each side under the cargo floor. § Lift out cargo floor. To install § Put folded cargo floor into place.<br><br> § Engage mountings with lower screws on each side under the cargo floor. § Insert and tighten upper screws on mountings. § Unfold cargo floor as desired.<br><br> CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT FLOOR MAT FASTENERS PEDALS 33 Floor mat fasteners are installed in the footwells of the front seats. Your vehicle is equipped with original Audi floor mats, which must be attached to these fasteners (see illustration). This will prevent the floor mats from sliding into positions that could interfere with the safe operation of your vehicle.<br><br> WARNING Do not install additional floor mats on top because you will not be able to fasten them down. If you remove the floor mats for cleaning, be sure to fasten them securely again when reinstalling. For replacement your Audi dealer will be glad to help you choose suitable floor mats for your vehicle.<br><br> WARNING The movement of the pedals must never be obstructed by a floor mat or any other object: § In case one of the two brake circuits fails, increased brake pedal travel is required to bring your vehicle to a full stop. § It should always be possible to depress the clutch and accelerator pedals fully. § All pedals must be able to return freely to their normal positions.<br><br> Only use floor mats which leave the pedal area free and can be secured with floor mat fasteners. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT BRAKES 34 Functioning of brake system Your vehicle is equipped with a power assisted hydraulic dual circuit Anti-Lock brake system (ABS) with disc brakes at the front and rear. Both circuits function independently.<br><br> Each brake circuit operates one front and rear wheel diagonally. On quattro models brake circuits are split front and rear. This design, together with other front axle features, also helps to keep you on a straight course when braking.<br><br> For further information regarding Anti- Lock brake system see next page. In the unlikely event of hydraulic failure of one circuit, push the brake pedal down firmly and hold it in that position . A mechanical linkage activates the second circuit, and you will be able to bring the vehicle to a stop.<br><br> WARNING Failure of one brake circuit wit! impair the braking capability resulting in an increased stopping distance. If one brake circuit fails, the other will still operate.<br><br> However, you will notice an increased pedal travel when you step on the brake. Should you encounter such experience, bring your vehicle safely to a full stop. Avoid driving the vehicle and have it towed to the nearest Audi dealer or qualified workshop.<br><br> Brake operation and brake warning light Make it a habit to check the operation of your brakes before driving. The brake warning light will light up if the parking brake is pulled and/or the brake fluid level or the hydraulic brake booster pressure is too low. For more details see "Brake warning light" on page 50.<br><br> Keep in mind that the braking distance increases very rapidly as the speed increases. At 60 mph or 100 km/h, for example, it is not twice but four times longer than at 30 mph or 50 km/h. Tire traction is also less effective when the roads are wet and slippery.<br><br> Therefore, always maintain a safe distance. Brake booster The brake booster is supplied with pressure from the hydraulic pump via the hydraulic pressure reservoir. If the engine is switched off or if the hydraulic pressure supply should fail, the operating pressure is retained.<br><br> However, since the capacity of the pressure reservoir is limited, it will provide enough pressure for only a few braking applications. If this should occur, contact your authorized Audi dealer for assistance. WARNING When the vehicle is moving with the engine not running or in case of a hydraulic system failure, more force on the brake pedal is required to bring the vehicle to a stop.<br><br> CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 35 Anti-lock brake system (ABS * ) The ABS contributes effectively to vehicle control, since it prevents the wheels from locking when the brakes are applied. This means that the vehicle remains steerable and is less inclined to skid. If an individual wheel begins to rotate too slowly in relation to vehicle speed and tends to lock, the ABS automatically reduces brake pressure to prevent that wheel from locking.<br><br> This automatic adjustment process will cause a slight vibration of the brake pedal and some noises to alert you that vehicle speed must be adapted to existing road and traffic conditions. WARNING Although the ABS is very effective always remember that braking capability is limited by tire traction. Always adjust your driving speed according to the road and traffic conditions.<br><br> Do not let the extra safety afforded by the ABS tempt you into taking extra risks. The ABS cannot overcome the laws of physics. * where applicable Every time the engine is started, the ABS switches on automatically.<br><br> The ABS can be switched off and on by depressing the main switch. Normally the ABS should always be switched on. Under certain conditions, however, it may be advisible to switch the ABS off manually.<br><br> For further information see page 60. If the ABS is not functioning properly, a warning light will come on. See page 49 for additional details.<br><br> Note When the rear differential lock is engaged, the ABS will switch off as the system is now unable to monitor separately the rotation of the rear wheels. As long as the differential lock is engaged, the brake system will operate normally. The ABS will switch on again automatically when the differential lock is disengaged or as soon as the vehicle exceeds a speed of 15 mph or 25 km/h.<br><br> Conditions affecting braking efficiency Moisture or road salt WARNING § Under certain climatic and operating conditions such as passing through water, driving in heavy rain or after washing the vehicle the effectiveness of the brakes can be reduced, in winter ice can accumulate on the brake pads, linings, discs and drums. Cautiously apply brakes for a test. Brakes will dry, ice coatings will be cleaned off after a few cautious brake applications.<br><br> § Driving for an extended period of time on salt covered roads without using your brakes can also affect braking efficiency. The accumulated salt coating must be cleaned off the brake discs and brake pads by a few cautious brake applications. § Do not "ride the brakes" by resting your foot on the pedal when not intending to brake.<br><br> This may cause the brakes to overheat, premature wear and increased stopping distance. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 36 § Before descending a steep grade, reduce speed and shift transmission into a lower gear or driving position to control speed. Do not ride the brakes or hold the pedal down too long or too often.<br><br> This could cause the brakes to get hot and diminish braking efficiency. New brake pads or linings § New brake pads and lining do not have optimum friction properties and must be "broken in" during the initial 100 to 150 miles (150 to 200 kilometers) of normal city driving. You can compensate for this by applying more pressure on the brake pedal.<br><br> This also applies later when new pads or linings are installed. Brake fluid level § If the brake fluid level is too low, malfunctions or even a failure in the brake system could result Therefore, it is important to check your brake fluid level regularly. See page 112 for more details.<br><br> Low brake fluid is indicated by the brake warning light (see page 50). Failure of one brake circuit If the brake pedal travel should suddenly increase, one of the brake circuits may have failed, Should this happen, you will be able to bring your vehicle safely to a stop, however, you will have to push harder on the brake pedal and it will take a longer distance to stop the vehicle. Contact your authorized Audi dealership for assistance.<br><br> Brake wear The brakes on our automobiles are still subject to wear depending largely on operating conditions and driving habits. On vehicles which are driven mostly in stop-and-go city traffic or which are driven hard, the brake linings should be checked by your authorized Audi dealer more often than specified in the Maintenance brochure. Front spoiler If you install a front spoiler on your vehicle, be sure the air flow to the front brakes is not obstructed, otherwise the brake system could overheat.<br><br> CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 37 Parking brake lever The parking brake lever is located between the front seats. § To set the parking brake, pull the lever up until strong resistance is felt. With the ignition on.<br><br> the brake warning light will light up. § Depress brake pedal and hold while releasing parking brake. To release the parking brake, pull the lever slightly up, depress the release button (arrow), and then push the lever all the way down.<br><br> When the parking brake is fully released, the brake warning light will go out. WARNING § Release the parking brake fully. A partially engaged brake will overheat the rear brakes, reduce their effective- ness and cause excessive wear.<br><br> § Always set the parking brake when parking your vehicle. Move the selector lever to "P" (Automatic transmission) or move the gearshift lever to "R" or "1" (Manual trans- mission). On hills also turn the wheels toward the curb.<br><br> CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT MANUAL TRANSMISSION 38 Gearshift lever Start engine with gearshift lever in Neutral, clutch pedal depressed. Always depress the clutch pedal fully when changing gears. Do not hold the vehicle on a steep hill with the clutch pedal partially depressed.<br><br> This may cause premature clutch wear or damage. Resting your hand on the shift lever knob while driving will cause premature wear in the transmission. The five forward gears and the reverse gear are arranged as illustrated.<br><br> Drive in 5th gear for optimum fuel economy when cruising. However if more acceleration is required (when passing for example) shift down. WARNING To down-shift from 5th gear to 4th gear, do not move shift lever to the left to avoid shifting accidentally into 2nd gear, which wilt suddenly increase engine speed and may cause damage and loss of vehicle control.<br><br> Reverse Only shift into Reverse when the vehicle is not moving. To engage Reverse , move lever to right, press down and pull back. When shifting from 5th gear to R, move gearshift lever to the 3rd/4th gear level first.<br><br> Back-up lights go on when you engage Reverse gear with ignition on. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION tion. The warning buzzer will go off as soon as the selector lever is moved to the P-Park position.<br><br> Automatic Shift Lock (ASL) and Warning buzzer 39 Automatic Shift Lock Your Audi is equipped with an Automatic Shift Lock (ASL). The ASL is an electromechanical device that locks the selector lever in the P-Park and N-Neutral positions when the ignition is on. The ASL prevents you from moving the selector lever out of the Park and Neutral positions unless you step on the foot brake at the same time.<br><br> The shift lock in the N-Neutral position has a time delay of one second which prevents the selector lever from locking when it is moved briefly through the N position (for instance from R to D). The shift lock only locks the selector lever if it is left in the N position for more than about one second without the brake pedal being depressed. In N-Neutral position the shift lock is automatically deactivated when driving faster than approximately 3 mph/5 km/h.<br><br> The ASL will not affect normal operation of your car. Warning buzzer A warning buzzer will sound when you open the driver's door with the selector lever left in any other but P-Park posi- Selector lever positions P-Park Engage Park only when the vehicle is stationary. Therefore, when parking your vehicle, apply the parking brake first, and then move the selector lever completely to position P.<br><br> To do this depress the selector lever and push it through R to P . When the R-Reverse position is selected, you can shift to position P without depressing the selector lever. The transmission is then mechanically locked.<br><br> Before you move the selector lever from the P-Park position to R-Reverse or any other position, you must always apply the foot brake before and while depressing the selector lever . Shift out of the Park position, before releasing the parking brake. When the vehicle is parked on a steep hill, shifting out of Park may be a little harder.<br><br> This is due to the vehicle's weight exerted on the transmission. R 3 Reverse Reverse should be selected only when the vehicle has come to a full stop and the engine is running at idle speed. Before you move the selector lever to the reverse position you have to depress the selector lever.<br><br> N-Neutral Shift to this position for standing with brakes applied. When the vehicle is stationary or at speeds below 3 mph/5 km/h, you must always apply the footbrake before and while moving the lever out of N- Neutral. Do not use Neutral for coasting down- hill.<br><br> Coasting downhill with the trans- mission in Neutral and the engine not operating will result in damage to the Automatic transmission. CONTROLS AND EQUIPMENT 40 D 3 Normal driving position Position D is the normal driving position for city and highway driving. It ranges from zero to top speed, and all three gears shift automatically, depending on engine.load and driving speed.<br><br> 2 3 Position for hilly stretches This position is to be used for mountain driving or slow driving, and also when you want to make use of the engine's braking effect. In "2", only the first and second gears will engage automatically. The road speed must not exceed 65 mph or 105 km/h.<br><br> Therefore, only shift down into position "2" when vehicle speed is below this speed . It is not necessary to let up on the accelerator. 1 3 Position for steep hills This position is to be used for mountain driving or slow driving.<br><br> It also provides for maximum engine braking effect. To engage t