1 Unit 2- Part 1 - Language File Modal Verbs Modal verbs are a type of auxiliary verbs. By auxiliary we mean that they don 9t go alone, they go with a main verb and they carry a meaning, a modality. Modal verbs I can play the piano very well modal main verb verb In this part of Unit 2, we are going to learn the following modal verbs: may - can 3 could 3 should 3 must 3 mustn 9t (must not) 2 Modal Verbs May We use may to ask for permission in a polite way.
May I go to the toilette? Yes, you may May I open the window? No, you may not .
It 9s cold outside. May I turn on the air-conditioning? Yes, you may .
It 9s really hot here. 3 Modal Verbs Can We use can to express ability . She can play the piano but she can not (or cannot) play the guitar.
We can run very fast but we can 9t win a race. The kids can read well but they can 9t write. Notice that we can use can not or its contracted form can 9t .
4 Modal Verbs Could We use could to ... more. less.
make requests . Could you bring the report tomorrow? Could you show me they way to the airport, please?<br><br> Could you lend me your mobile phone to make a short call? 5 Modal Verbs Should We use should to give advice . You should eat healthy food.<br><br> You should not eat so many hamburgers. He should wake up early . He shouldn 9t be late for school.<br><br> My mother should sleep more at night. She shouldn 9t watch so many TV shows. Notice that we can use should not or its contracted form shouldn 9t .<br><br> 6 Modal Verbs Must We use must to express obligation . You must start work early in the morning. We must pay attention to the teacher 9s explanations I must finish the report before Monday.<br><br> We can 9t use must not / mustn 9t to negate these sentences because must has a different meaning when it is in the negative form. 7 Modal Verbs Mustn 9t We use mustn 9t to express prohibition . You mustn 9t go to work without a uniform.<br><br> We mustn 9t speak loudly in the doctor 9s waiting room. I mustn 9t use my father 9s new car. <br><br>