Waste Containment and Disposal Environmental Concerns All marinas generate some waste; waste that may threaten human health, be hazardous to wildlife, and be costly to coastal communities. Solid waste, particularly plastics, must be contained. There are many well-documented instances of marine mammals, Nsh, turtles, and seabirds becoming entangled or choking on plastic marine debris.
Plastics also represent a hazard to navigation because they can snare propellers and clog engine intake systems. Divers may also become entangled. Furthermore, solid waste that washes up on shore is unattractive and may be costly to remove.
In addition to solid waste, marina operators must be concerned with the proper collection and disposal of liquid wastes and of corrosive, reactive, toxic, and/or ignitable materials, i.e., hazardous wastes. Pertinent Laws and Regulations Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act The Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act of 1987, Title II of Public Law 100-220, restricts the overboard discharge of garbage. Its emphasis is on plastics; it is illegal to discharge plastic materials into any waterbody.
The disposal of other types of garbage is restricted according to how far a vessel is out to sea. The important thing to remember is that within the bays, along rivers, and on ... more. less.
inland lakes, the discharge of any garbage into the water is illegal. Fish waste may be excepted.<br><br> The discharge of Nsh waste into New Jersey waters is undesirable, and in some cases illegal, such as in the Manasquan River. The law also requires that marinas provide provisions for garbage from vessels that normally do business with them. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and State Hazardous Waste Laws The Federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 was established to improve the collection, transportation, separation, recovery, and disposal of solid and hazardous waste.<br><br> RCRA and the state 9s Solid Waste regulations (N.J.A.C. 7:26-1 et seq.), Hazardous Waste regulations (N.J.A.C. 7:26g et seq.), and Recycling regulations (7:26a et seq.) govern the management of solid and hazardous waste in New Jersey.<br><br> : Law or Regulation : Recommended 43 Waste Containment and Disposal Hazardous wastes are ignitable, corrosive, reactive, and/or toxic substances. New Jersey references Environmental Protection Agency 9s (EPA) list of hazardous wastes in the State 9s hazardous waste law. The NJDEP website at www.state.nj.us/dep/dshw provides a waste classiNcation form.<br><br> The form includes a list of many of the contaminants of concern. Lists of facilities and transporters that handle hazardous wastes are also available on the NJDEP website. Best Management Practices to Properly Contain and Dispose of Waste Hazardous Waste Conditionally Exempt Marinas Most marinas deal with limited quantities of cnon-acute d hazardous waste and thus are considered cconditionally exempt small quantity generators. d Facilities that generate less than 100 kg (about 220 pounds or 30 gallons) of hazardous waste per month and which do not accumulate more than 1,000 kg (2,200 lbs.) of waste at any one time are considered cconditionally exempt small quantity generators. d Conditionally exempt small quantity generators are not required to register with the EPA and do not need a hazardous waste generator identiNcation number.<br><br> Send hazardous waste from conditionally exempt small quantity generators to a disposal facility that is permitted, licensed, or registered by the state to manage municipal or industrial solid waste. Hazardous Waste Generators If your marina exceeds the thresholds of a conditionally exempt small quantity generator you are considered a hazardous waste generator and are subject to the requirements discussed below. Hazardous waste cgenerators d are those individuals or companies that produce greater than 100 kilograms (about 220 lbs.<br><br> or 30 gallons) of hazardous waste during one calendar month or who store more than 1,000 kg (2,200 lbs.) at any one time. The following requirements apply to all hazardous waste generators. ___ All generators and transporters of hazardous waste must have an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identiNcation number provided by the NJDEP.<br><br> To apply for an identiNcation number, use EPA Form 8700-12 (available from NJDEP). ___ Store hazardous waste in UL listed or Factory Mutual approved containers labeled and marked according to Department of Transportation regulations. Refer to 49 CFR 178.<br><br> Mark the date accumulation begins on each container. Store containers on pallets to prevent corrosion and in an area able to contain any leaks. Keep containers closed when not adding or removing waste.<br><br> Inspect containers weekly. ___ Store quantities of waste greater than 100 kg (220 lbs.) but less than 1,000 kg (2,200 lbs.) for a maximum of 180 days. Any quantity of waste greater than 1,000 kg may be stored for a maximum of 90 days.<br><br> ___ Prepare a written emergency contingency plan if you generate more than 100 kg (220 lbs.) of hazardous waste per month or accumulate more than 1,000 kg at any one time. Copies must be given to NJDEP and local agencies. : Law or Regulation : Recommended 44 Waste Containment and Disposal ___ Document all hazardous waste training in each employee 9s personnel Nle.<br><br> All personnel who handle hazardous waste must receive training to ensure compliance with the state regulations. ___ Transporters must be registered and are listed on the NJDEP web page. ___ Anyone who sends hazardous waste offsite for treatment, storage, or disposal must prepare a manifest.<br><br> Ensure that all of the information on the manifest is correct. The hazardous waste manifest must accompany all hazardous wastes cfrom cradle to grave. d It is your responsibility to ensure that the driver and the vehicle are certiNed to handle hazardous waste. Each hazardous waste transporter must sign the manifest, as should the operator of the treatment, storage, or disposal facility.<br><br> A Nnal copy must be returned to the generator once the waste is properly treated, stored, or disposed of. ___ Every two years, submit a report to NJDEP that summarizes hazardous waste activities during odd-numbered years. It is recommended, but not mandatory, to also report Ngures for even-numbered years.<br><br> ___ Retain all records, including manifests and waste analysis and annual reports, for at least three years. The Nles must be available for inspection by NJDEP. Universal Waste Universal waste includes hazardous wastes that are managed under the universal waste requirements (see N.J.A.C.<br><br> 7:26A-7): batteries, pesticides, thermostats, lamps, mercury containing devices, oil-based Nnishes, and consumer electronics. A marina that generates universal waste is probably a csmall quantity handler of universal waste, d since the accumulated universal waste at a marina is unlikely to exceed the accumulation threshold of 11,000 lbs. or more at any time.<br><br> The following discussion relates to marinas that are small quantity handlers of universal waste and is presented in two parts: general requirements for handling any universal waste and requirements and recommendations for handling speciNc categories of universal waste. ___ The waste must be managed in a manner that prevents releases of any universal waste or component of universal waste to the environment. This involves containing any universal waste that shows evidence of leakage, spillage, or damage that could cause leakage under reasonably foreseeable conditions; ___ It must be clearly labeled either individually or by closed container with the required phrasing as illustrated in the following examples: cUniversal Waste 3 Oil-based Finish d, cUniversal Waste Mercury Containing Devices d; ___ Universal waste may not be accumulated for longer than a year from the date the waste is generated unless it can be demonstrated that the additional length of accumulation is necessary solely to facilitate proper recovery, treatment, disposal of the waste; ___ You must be able to clearly demonstrate the length of time that the universal waste has been accumulated from the date that it became waste; : Law or Regulation : Recommended 45 Waste Containment and Disposal ___ All marina employees who handle or have responsibility for managing universal waste must be informed of the proper handling and appropriate emergency procedures pertaining to the type(s) of universal waste occurring at the marina; ___ Any release of universal waste or other residues from universal waste must be immediately contained; ___ If the material resulting from a release is hazardous waste, the material must be managed as hazardous waste in compliance with all applicable requirements; To determine your best disposal option, visit the NJDEP website at www.nj.gov/dep/dshw/lrm/uwaste.<br><br> Batteries ___ Clearly label a battery storage area as cUsed Batteries d, cUniversal Waste 3 Batteries d, or cWaste Batteries. d ___ Store batteries with caps in place. ___ Store used batteries with either missing caps or cracked casings in a sheltered area or container. Mercury Containing Devices and Thermostats Mercury poisoning affects the central nervous system of vertebrates, including humans.<br><br> Mercury in the environment moves up the food chain and bio-accumulates in carnivores. Mercury in the environment has been documented in freshwater and estuarine Nsh species has led to health advisories warning people not to consume certain Nsh under certain circumstances. Certain Ooat switches that turn bilge pumps and shower water storage tank pumps on and off contain as much mercury as 100 Ouorescent lamps.<br><br> Most air conditioning/heating thermostats do also. Many boats have one or more of these mercury containing devices. Bilge pump Ooat switches fail (sometimes in less than a year) because marine bilgewater corrodes exposed wires.<br><br> Some boat owners may not know that these switches, typically encased in white or colored plastic, contain mercury and the boat owner may unknowingly discard these switches as regular trash. Thermostats wear out much less frequently but boat owners and repairers may be unaware that they also contain mercury. ___ Establish a designated secure area where mercury switches can be stored for recycling.<br><br> " Provide watertight containers for unusable mercury switches " Ensure that leaking mercury switches are placed in heavy sealable plastic bags before they are placed in the container. ___ (1) Post signs alerting the public to the disposal ban on mercury bilge pump switches and AC/heater thermostats. ___ (1) Periodically place Oyers in customers 9 bills or other correspondence reminding them of the legal disposal procedures for mercury bilge pump Ooat switches and AC/heating thermostats and provide information regarding local household hazardous waste programs and industry sponsored take-back programs.<br><br> (2) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points : Law or Regulation : Recommended 46 Waste Containment and Disposal Reduce Waste. In addition to the suggestions offered elsewhere in this Guidebook, employ the following recommendations to further reduce waste. Keep in mind that less waste means lower disposal costs.<br><br> ___ (1) Avoid having leftover materials by carefully considering the job, evaluating your actual needs, and buying just enough product for the job. Encourage boaters to do the same. ___ (1) Minimize ofNce waste: make double-sided copies, use scrap paper for notes and messages, purchase recycled ofNce paper, and reuse polystyrene peanuts or give them to small scale packing and shipping companies that will reuse them.<br><br> ___ (1) Request that your vendors use alternative packing material such as paper, potato starch peanuts, popcorn, etc. ___ (1) Discourage the use of plastic and styrofoam cups, food containers, utensils, and other non-biodegradable products. ___ (1) Encourage boaters to exchange excess paints, thinners, varnishes, etc.<br><br> To facilitate this type of activity, provide a bulletin board where boaters can post notices that they are seeking particular materials or have an excess of a substance. ___ (1) Post the names of local schools or theater groups that accept excess, non-toxic paints. (6) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points Control Fish Waste Disposal.<br><br> When quantities of remains from Nsh cleaning are deposited in an enclosed water area, the unsightly result can produce offensive odors and decrease dissolved oxygen. ___ (5) Establish Nsh cleaning areas. Adopt one of the following methods to dispose of the waste.<br><br> " Provide a stainless steel sink equipped with a garbage disposal that is connected to a sanitary sewer. " Compost Nsh waste. Proper composting will control the odor and produce an excellent soil conditioner that can be used for your land scaping needs.<br><br> " Instruct boaters to place Nsh scraps in plastic bags and dispose of in dumpster or at home. ___ (1) Prohibit Nsh cleaning outside of designated areas. ___ (1) Post signs directing people to clean their Nsh at a Nsh cleaning station or at home.<br><br> (7) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points : Law or Regulation : Recommended 47 Waste Containment and Disposal Manage Trash. ___ (5) Develop your waste management strategy based on the number of patrons, the types of waste generated, the layout of your marina, and the amount of staff time you can devote. Ask boaters what their speciNc needs are.<br><br> ___ (5) Promote your image as a responsible business by providing adequate and reasonably attractive trash and recyclables receptacles, e.g., cans, bins, dumpsters. ___ (1) Place trash and recyclables receptacles in convenient locations. Select high trafNc areas such as at the landward end of the dock, near bathrooms and showers, alongside vending machines, adjacent to the marina ofNce, or along the path to the parking lot.<br><br> ___ (1) Do not place trash/recyclables containers on docks or adjacent to the water because waste may be inadvertently tossed or blown into the water. ___ (1) Select containers that will hold the expected volume of trash. On average, 4 to 6 gallons of reception capacity are needed per person per vessel per day.<br><br> A cubic yard of dumpster space holds 216 gallons of trash. ___ (1) Provide lids or restricted openings to secure the waste inside and to prevent animals, birds and rainwater from getting in. ___ (5) Post signs clearly indicating what may and may not be placed in a speciNc container: engine oil, antifreeze, paints, solvents, varnishes, pesticides, lead batteries, transmission Ouid, distress Oares, and polystyrene peanuts (loose peanuts tend to blow away).<br><br> ___ (1) Require all employees to police the facility for trash and vessel maintenance wastes. Do not allow litter to mar your grounds or near-shore areas. ___ (1) Collect Ooating debris within your marina with a pool skimmer or crab net.<br><br> ___ (1) Post signs directing people to trash/recyclables receptacles if the containers are not in plain view. ___ (1) Provide lights around trash receptacles so that they are easy to Nnd and safe. ___ (1) Plant or construct a windscreen around the dumpster to make the area more attractive and to prevent trash from blowing away.<br><br> Use native shrubs such as red chokeberry ( Aronia arbutifolia ), spicebush ( Lindera benzoin ) or mountain laurel ( Kalmia latifolia ). (24) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points Recycle Whenever Possible. Divert reusable materials out of the waste stream.<br><br> A recycling program is an easy, highly visible means to demonstrate environmental stewardship. Recycling programs are also a good way to introduce patrons to pollution prevention practices. In fact, many may practice recycling at home and may expect to see recycling bins.<br><br> The added cost of providing for recycling may be offset by income derived from the sale of some high quality recyclable items such as ofNce paper, aluminum, and cardboard. : Law or Regulation : Recommended 48 Waste Containment and Disposal In addition, you may realize cost savings due to less frequent tipping of your dumpster(s) because of the reduced volume of trash. ___ (1) Contact a waste hauler or your local solid waste recycling coordinator to identify what materials are collected in your area.<br><br> The following materials may be recycled: antifreeze, oil, metal fuel Nlter canisters, solvents, glass, shrink wrap, type 1 and 2 plastics, aluminum, steel, tin, newspaper, corrugated cardboard, mixed paper, scrap metal, tires, and white goods (appliances). ___ (1) Post information about local recycling services if you cannot provide all of the desired services at your marina. You may call NJDEP 9s Recycling Hotline at 609-984-3438 to determine which used oil and antifreeze recycling center is closest to your marina.<br><br> (2) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points Recycle Solid Waste. ___ Provide containers to collect, at a minimum, plastic, glass, aluminum, cardboard, and newspaper. ___ Store used tires under cover so that they do not collect rainwater.<br><br> ___ Do not store solid waste for more than six months without a permit from NJDEP. ___ Only employ solid waste haulers that are registered with NJDEP. ___ (1) Clearly mark each container so people know what may and may not be put in it.<br><br> ___ (1) Provide lids or some type of restricted opening to prevent the collected material from being lifted out by the wind and to prevent rainwater from collecting inside. ___ (1) Place the collection bins for solid recyclables in convenient high trafNc locations. ___ (1) Use a different color or material to distinguish recycling bins from the standard trashcans.<br><br> If you can not locate a collection service for the marina, call NJDEP 9s Recycling Hotline at (609) 984-3438 and report the problem. (4) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points Recycle Liquid Waste. (N.J.A.C.<br><br> 7:26A) ___ Provide containers to collect oil and antifreeze. Also collect solvents according to hazardous waste regulations. ___ Provide separate containers for oil and antifreeze.<br><br> : Law or Regulation : Recommended 49 Waste Containment and Disposal ___ Aboveground tanks are preferable to drums that are unsuitable for long-term storage or to withstand repeated handling. Cylindrical, horizontal tanks with supports that keep the tank sufNciently above the ground to permit visual inspection are preferable. Double-walled tanks with a screened and covered drainage area are recommended.<br><br> Tanks should be constructed of material that meets the American Petroleum Institute and the American Society of Lubricating Engineers Standards for Oammable and combustible liquids (UL No. 142 Standard). Equip the tank with a wide-mouthed, long-necked funnel, or other similar apparatus, in order to minimize spillage when transferring used liquid waste into the tank.<br><br> Funnels should be sufNciently large to drain portable containers and oil Nlters. The tank should also be equipped with a pressure relief valve or vent to provide tank ventilation to prevent a build-up of potentially volatile fumes. ___ Label used oil collection tank with cUsed Oil d (N.J.A.C.<br><br> 7:26A-6.4(d)4i). ___ Maintain tanks in good condition, free of rust or corrosion (N.J.A.C. 7:26A-6.4(d)3i).<br><br> ___ (5) Surround tanks with impervious, secondary containment that is capable of holding 110 percent of the volume of each tank. If some liquid spills within the containment area, and wiped up or dried with absorbent materials, it is not considered a crelease d, thus avoiding the need to report the incident to NJDEP and incurring cleanup costs. ___ (1) Shelter the tanks from the elements.<br><br> ___ (1) Check with your recycler to determine what materials may be mixed. Generally engine oil, transmission Ouid, hydraulic Ouid, and gear oil may be placed in the same container. Some haulers will also take diesel and kerosene.<br><br> Ethylene glycol and propylene glycol antifreeze are often collected in the same used antifreeze tank. As a precaution, CHECK WITH YOUR RECYCLER BEFORE MIXING ANY MATERIALS. ___ (5) Post signs indicating what may and may not be placed in each tank.<br><br> ___ (1) Have available absorbent materials, such as sawdust, sorbent granules or sorbent pads to soak up minor spills. ___ (5) Do not allow patrons to pour gasoline, solvents, paint, varnishes or pesticides into the oil or antifreeze recycling containers. The introduction of these materials creates a chazardous waste. d The whole tank must be disposed of as hazardous waste, which is an expensive undertaking.<br><br> ___ (1) Lock the intake to all recycling tanks to prevent contamination. Instruct your patrons to get the key from the appropriate staff person or to leave their oil or antifreeze next to the collection tank. If you select the second option, assign a member of your staff to inspect the collection site daily for any material that may have been dropped off.<br><br> Keep all tanks sealed when not actively using them. : Law or Regulation : Recommended 50 Waste Containment and Disposal ___ Be aware that recycling liquid materials is a long-term obligation. Investigate waste haulers to ensure that they are licensed and actually recycle the collected material.<br><br> Maintain shipping manifests for solvents and other hazardous wastes for a minimum of 3 years (although not required, it is a good business practice to also retain receipts for used oil and antifreeze that is recycled). If you have difNculty Nnding a collection service in your area, contact the NJDEP at (609) 984-3438. (19) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points Minimize Hazardous Product Use.<br><br> By minimizing your use of hazardous products, you can reduce health and safety risks to your staff, tenants, and contractors; lower disposal costs; decrease liability; and limit chances that you will be responsible for a coastly cleanup of inappropriately disposed material. ___ (1) Avoid using corrosive, reactive, toxic, or ignitable products, to the greatest extent possible. The use of these materials is likely to generate hazardous waste.<br><br> ___ (5) Adopt an inventory control plan to minimize the quantity of hazardous material that you purchase, store, and dispose of. ___ (1) Do not store large amounts of hazardous materials. Purchase hazardous materials in quantities that you will use up quickly.<br><br> ___ (1) Establish a cNrst-in Nrst-out d policy to reduce storage time. Dispose of excess material every 6 months. ___ (1) Use alternatives such as a botanical-based cleanser parts washer or cyclonic parts washer.<br><br> (9) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points Box 4. How Do You Know if a Substance is Hazardous? All waste generators must determine whether or not their refuse is hazardous.<br><br> Use the following steps to determine if you have hazardous waste. 1. It is listed as a hazardous waste as deNned in N.J.A.C.<br><br> 7:26g 2. The waste exhibits one or more of the characteristics of hazardous materials: ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity. A generator may either test the waste to determine if it exhibits a hazardous characteristic or use knowledge of the waste, e.g., Nrst hand experience or information gathered from a Material Safety Data Sheet.<br><br> The test for toxicity is called the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and is performed by industrial laboratories. : Law or Regulation : Recommended 51 Waste Containment and Disposal Store Solvents and Hazardous Materials with Care. ___ Store solvents and other hazardous materials in Nre-safe containers that are UL listed or Factory Mutual approved.<br><br> Containers must meet U.S. Department of Transportation standards for protecting against the risks to life and property inherent in the transportation of hazardous materials. Approved containers will carry speciNcation markings (e.g., DOT 4B240ET) in an unobstructed area.<br><br> Refer to 49 CFR 178 for additional packaging speciNcations. ___ Plainly label all stored and containerized material. For hazardous waste, mark the date accumulation begins and ends on each container.<br><br> ___ Store containers on pallets in a protected, secure location away from drains and sources of ignition. Routinely inspect the storage area for leaks. ___ To minimize air pollution, cap solvents and paint thinners when not in use.<br><br> Store rags or paper saturated with solvents in tightly closed, clearly labeled containers. ___ Separate hazardous chemicals by hazardous class. Call NJDEP at (609) 292-6714 for the Bureau of Chemical Release Information and Prevention to determine the classes of your chemicals.<br><br> ___ (5) Assign control over hazardous supplies to a limited number of people who have been trained to handle hazardous materials and understand the Nrst-in Nrst-out policy. ___ (1) Routinely check the date of materials to prevent them from exceeding their shelf life. (6) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points : Law or Regulation : Recommended 52 Waste Containment and Disposal Follow Recommended Disposal Methods.<br><br> The following table contains recommendations for the proper disposal of wastes typically found at marinas. Table 1. Recommended Disposal Methods Waste Disposal Options If multiple options are listed, the <rst option ( ) is the preferred method Antifreeze " Propylene glycol " Ethylene glycol Contact your waste hauler to con brm that they will accept mixed antifreeze Recycle " Hire a waste hauler to collect and dispose of.<br><br> " Purchase an on-site recovery unit. Distillation systems are more expensive than Nltration systems but are more efNcient at renewing used antifreeze. Waste Oil " Engine oil " Transmission Ouid " Hydraulic oil " Gear oil " #2 Diesel " Kerosene Contact your waste hauler to con brm that they will accept mixed oil.<br><br> Recycle " Hire a waste hauler to collect and dispose of. " Take small quantities to a household hazardous waste collection event. " Use waste oil for space heating (subject to regulations under N.J.A.C.<br><br> 7:26A. Call 609-984-6985 for assistance.) Quart Oil Cans Drain completely and dispose of in regular trash. They cannot be recycled.<br><br> Non-terneplated Oil Filters Puncture and completely hot drain all free-Oowing oil. Recycle the oil and the metal canister. " If you do not recycle the canister, double-bag it in plastic and place it in your regular trash.<br><br> Terneplated Fuel Filter (used in heavy equipment and heavy-duty trucks) Dispose of as hazardous waste (contains lead). Stale Gasoline Add stabilizer in the winter to prevent it from becoming stale or an octane booster in the spring to rejuvenate it. Use the fuel.<br><br> " Mix with fresh fuel and use. " Hire a hazardous waste hauler to collect and dispose of. A hazardous waste manifest is required.<br><br> " Take small quantities to a household hazardous waste collection event. : Law or Regulation : Recommended 53 Waste Containment and Disposal Table 1. Recommended Disposal Methods, page 2 of 4 Waste Disposal Options If multiple options are listed, the <rst option ( ) is the preferred method Kerosene Filter and reuse for as long as possible then recycle.<br><br> " Hire a waste hauler to collect and dispose of. Mineral Spirits Filter and reuse. " Hire a waste hauler to collect and dispose of.<br><br> Solvents " Paint and engine cleaners such as acetone and methylene chloride Use non-toxic alternatives such as botanical-based cleanser parts washer or cyclonic parts washer. Reuse as long as possible employing a solvent still and then recycle. " Dispose of as hazardous waste Sludge Recovered from a Solvent Listed as a Hazardous Waste Under N.J.A.C.<br><br> 7:26g Dispose of as hazardous waste Sludge Recovered from a Solvent Not Listed as a Hazardous Waste Under N.J.A.C. 7:26g and Which Does Not Exhibit Hazardous Characteristics Let sludge dry in a well-ventilated area, wrap in newspaper, and dispose of in garbage. Paints and Varnishes: " Latex " Water-based " Oil-based Use leftover material for other projects, i.e., as an undercoat for the next boat.<br><br> " Encourage tenants to swap unused material. " Dispose of as hazardous waste. Paint Brushes Dry completely.<br><br> Discard in regular trash. Paint Filters Dry completely prior to disposal. Treat as hazardous waste if paint contains heavy metals above regulatory levels.<br><br> Rags Soaked with Hazardous Substances Keep in covered container designed for Oammable materials until ready to discard. Dispose of the solvent that collects in the bottom of the container as hazardous waste. Wring rags out over a collection receptacle and have laundered by an industrial laundry.<br><br> " If rags fail Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) test, dispose of as hazardous waste. Used Oil Absorbent Material If it is saturated with oil or diesel, double bag it in plastic and discard in trash (as long as no petroleum is leaking). If it is saturated with gasoline, dispose of as hazardous waste.<br><br> Used Bioremediating Bilge Booms Dispose of in regular trash as long as no liquid is dripping. Because the microbes need oxygen to function, do not seal in plastic. Epoxy and polyester resins Catalyze and dispose of as solid waste.<br><br> : Law or Regulation : Recommended 54 Waste Containment and Disposal Table 1. Recommended Disposal Methods, page 3 of 4 Waste Disposal Options If multiple options are listed, the <rst option ( ) is the preferred method Glue and Liquid Adhesives Catalyze and dispose of as solid waste. Empty Containers " Paint cans " Buckets " Spent caulking tubes " Aerosol cans Recycle empty drums.<br><br> May be put in trash can as long as: " All material that can be removed has been. Be sure no more than 1 9 9 of residue is on the bottom or inner liner. " Containers that held compressed gas are at atmospheric pressure.<br><br> " Containers that held acute hazardous waste have been triple rinsed with solvent. Properly dispose of the solvent. Residue from Sanding, Scraping, and Blasting Dispose of as solid waste.<br><br> If residue contains lead or other hazardous waste, dispose of as hazardous waste. Residue from Pressure Washing Dispose of as solid waste. Lead Batteries Handle as cuniversal waste d Recycle or sell to scrap dealers.<br><br> Store on an impervious surface, under cover. Protect from freezing. Check frequently for leakage.<br><br> " Inform boaters that if they take their old battery to a dealer, they will receive a $5 refund on a new battery. Expired Distress Signal Flares Encourage boaters to keep onboard as extras. Store in well-marked, Nre safe container.<br><br> Use expired Oares to demonstrate to boaters how they are used. Be sure to notify the Nre department and Coast Guard ahead of time-especially if using aerial Oares. Conduct the demonstration over water.<br><br> " Encourage boaters to take to local Nre department or household hazardous waste collection event. Scrap Metal Recycle. Light Bulbs " Fluorescent bulbs " Mercury vapor lamps " High-pressure sodium vapor lights " Low-pressure sodium vapor lights " Metal halide lamps Recycle if you have more than 10 to dispose of.<br><br> If fewer than 10, check with your county coordinator and take to a county recycling facility if they will accept. " If fewer than 10, treat as solid waste. If facility is a generator, dispose of mercury containing lamps and Ouorescent bulbs as universal waste.<br><br> Refrigerants Recycle. Contact your county coordinator to identify certiNed handlers for CFC recovery. " Use alternative refrigerants: HCFC-22 (for ACS and electric chillers), HCFC-123 (replaces CFC-11), HFH-134A (replaces CFC-12).<br><br> : Law or Regulation : Recommended 55 Waste Containment and Disposal Table 1. Recommended Disposal Methods, page 4 of 4 Waste Disposal Options If multiple options are listed, the <rst option ( ) is the preferred method MonoNlament Fishing Line Recycle through a manufacturer or tackle shop. Scrap Tires Recycle.<br><br> Register with NJDEP if you will be collecting more than 50 tires. Contact the Bureau of Recycling and Planning at (609) 984-3438 for additional information. Store according to National Fire Protection Association Standards.<br><br> Pesticides Dispose of as hazardous waste. " Triple rinse empty containers before disposing of in trash. Plastic Shrink Wrap Recycle.<br><br> Fish Waste Prohibit disposal of Nsh waste in conNned marina waters. Establish a Nsh cleaning station and adopt one of the following disposal methods: " Equip the cleaning station with a garbage disposal connected to municipal sewer. " Compost the scraps.<br><br> " Instruct boaters to bag scraps in plastic and place in a dumpster or take home. Track Pollution Incidents. ___ (5) Copy and use the Pollution Report and Action Log included at the end of this chapter to track pollution incidents and actions taken.<br><br> ___ (1) Post the Log on a clipboard in the maintenance area or another easily accessible location. ___ (1) Consult the Pollution Report and Action Log daily. (7) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points 56 : Law or Regulation : Recommended Waste Containment and Disposal Educate Boaters.<br><br> ___ (1) Photocopy and distribute the following Clean Boating Tip Sheet to your tenants. There is room to add your marina 9s name and logo. ___ (1) Contact the Ocean Conservancy (1-202-429-5609) for marine debris educational materials at minimal cost.<br><br> ___ (1) Post information about county Household Hazardous Waste Collection events and recycling centers. (3) Total Points for BMP Total N/A Points Chapter Total: Chapter Total N/A Points: ____ (89) ____ : Law or Regulation : Recommended 57 Trash is unsightly and poses a DANGER to humans and to w ildlife. Marine debris such as plastic can snare propellers and endanger marine life.<br><br> Federal law regulates the disposal of garbage at sea according to the distance a vessel is from shore: " Within U.S. lakes, rivers, bays, sounds, and within 3 nautical miles from the ocean shore,it is illegal to dump anything other than fish guts. " Between 3 and 12 nautical miles from shore, it is illegal to dump plastic or other garbage that is greater than one inch in size.<br><br> " Between 12 and 25 nautical miles from shore, it is illegal to dump plastic and dunnage, i.e., lining and packing material, nets, lines, etc. " Beyond 25 nautical miles, it is illegal to dump plastic. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS: There are additional requirements based on the length of your boat.<br><br> If your boat is 26 feet or longer, you must have a written garbage placard and an oil discharge placard prominently posted to remind you and your crew what can and can not be thrown overboard. The placards must be permanently attached, be made of durable material, and must be at least 4x9 inches in size. These stickers are available at most boating supply stores.<br><br> If your boat is 40 feet or longer, you must also have a written waste management plan, stating how you deal with the collected waste onboard, who handles it, and where it is disposed of.This can be as short as one paragraph. We recommend that you keep your plan with your onboard ships papers. An example can be downloaded at www .uscg.mil/hg/g-m/nmc/wmpr v .pdf Complying w ith the law is easy.<br><br> Just follow these tips! CONTAIN OR RECYCLE TRASH " Don 9t allow trash to be thrown or blown overboard. " If trash blows overboard, retrieve it.<br><br> " Pack food in reusable containers. " Buy products without plastic or excessive packaging. " Never toss cigarette butts overboard.<br><br> Cigarette filters are made of plastic. " Purchase refreshments in recyclable containers and recycle them. " Properly dispose of all trash ashore.<br><br> " Recycle cans,glass,cardboard,newspaper, antifreeze,oil,and oil filters " Discard used monofilament fishing line. www.njcleanmarina.org Clean Boating Tip Sheet 3 Continued on back Financial assistance has been provided by the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended, administered by the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resources Management, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration through the New Jersey Coastal Management Office CZM Grant Award #NA170Z2343 . This publication was supported by the National Sea Grant College Program of the U.S.<br><br> Department of Com- merce 9s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra- tion under NOAA Grant #NA 16RG1047. The views expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the views of NOAA or the National Sea Grant College Program. NJSG-06-620.<br><br> Waste Product Oil Oil Filters Antifreeze Paint & Varnish Solvents, Gasoline & Pesticides Expired Emergency Flares Bilge Pump Float Switches, Thermostats, and other mercury containing devices Disposal Method Recycle. Puncture and drain of all free-flowing oil. Recycle oil and canister.<br><br> Recycle. Allow to dry completely, i.e., solidify. Dispose of in regular trash.<br><br> Take to a household hazardous waste collection event. Take to local fire department or a household hazardous waste collection event. Take to a household hazardous waste collection event.<br><br> For more information about the Clean Marina Program visit www .njcleanmarina.org FISH SCRAPS Marinas are often located in sheltered areas that protect boats from storms. However, these areas limit the exchange of water or flushing, so waste discharged into the water may stay in the same general area for an extended length of time. Fish cleaning may pose a problem if the waste is discarded in a poorly flushed marina basin.<br><br> Fish waste is smelly and unsightly. Also, life-sustaining oxygen is removed from the water column as bacteria decompose the scraps. Avoid problems by following these tips.<br><br> " Do not discard fish waste in poorly flushed areas. " Ask about your marina 9s cleaning and disposal policy. " Bag waste and discard at home or in a dumpster.<br><br> MAINTENANCE WASTE Dispose of the following items according to the recommendations listed below. Call 609-984-3438 for recycling center locations or visit www .state .nj.us/dep/dshw/r ecycle/r ecycoor .htm for the names and numbers of local recycling and hazardous waste coordinators. Pollution Report and Action Log Report Date Staff Reporting Problem Description Action Taken Action Date Staff Handling<br><br>