pg. 1 of 6. WOODSIDE PRIORY SCHOOL COURSE OUTLINE 3 HONOR CHEMISTRY Instructor: Mr.
G. Tang Phone: (650) 851-6129 Office Hours: 8:00 AM 3 Start of 1 st Class (Except Wednesdays) Email: email@example.com End of Last Class 3 4:00 PM (Tuesdays, Thursdays); B and G Blocks Required Text: Wilbraham, Anthony C., Staley, Dennis D. Matta, Michael S., Waterman, Edward L.
Chemistry . 5 th ed. Addison-Wesley, 2002 (ISBN: 0-1305-4384-5) Required Material: TI-83 Plus or TI-84 Plus Graphing Calculator, Separate Bind (Composition) Notebook as Labs and Activities Log, 1½-inch 3-ring Binder, Dividers Course Overview: Chemistry is the study of matter and its changes.
Through the study of chemistry at the honor level, students are given an opportunity to explore and understand the natural world and to become aware of the profound influence of chemistry in their lives. Chemistry, as with all sciences, is an experimental discipline requiring creativity and imagination. Methods of inquiry characterize its study.
In Honor Chemistry, students further develop their ability to ask questions, investigate and experiment; to gather, analyze and assess scientific information; and to test scientific laws and principles and their applications. In the process, students exercise their creativity and develop their critical thinking skills. Through experimentation, and problem-solving activities ... more. less.
that include the integration of technology and independent study, students develop an understanding of the processes by which scientific knowledge evolves.<br><br> Students are active learners and will assume increased responsibility for their learning as they work through the program. A through study of chemistry is required to give students an understanding that encourages them to make appropriate applications of scientific concepts to their daily lives and prepares them for future studies in chemistry. Students are expected to participate actively in their own learning.<br><br> An emphasis on the key concepts and principles of chemistry provides students with a more unified view of sciences and a greater awareness of the connections among them. Science, Technology and Society (STS) In addition to scientific knowledge, students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the processes by which scientific knowledge is developed, and of the interrelationships among science, technology and society, including: " The central role of evidence in the accumulation of knowledge, and the ways proposed theories may be supported, modified or refuted. " The inability of science to provide complete answers to all questions.<br><br> " The functioning of processes or products based on scientific principles. " The ways in which science advances technology and technology advances science. " The use of technology to solve practical problems.<br><br> " The limitations of scientific knowledge and technology. " The influence of the needs, interests and financial support of society on scientific and technological research. " The ability and responsibility of society, through science and technology, to protect the environment and use natural resources judiciously to ensure quality of life for future generations.<br><br> pg. 2 of 6. Course Content and Tentative Timeline In some cases, the concepts listed below correspond to another chapter in the textbook.<br><br> A detailed reading list and assigned problems will be available at the beginning of each unit. Unit 1: Basic Chemistry Chapters 3 & 4: Scientific Measurement & Problem Solving in Chemistry 1.0 week Lab Safety, Metric System, Uncertainty, Significant Figures, Density, Temperature, Unit Analysis, Conversion of Complex Units Chapters 2 & 5: Matter and Change & Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table 1.0 week Classification of Matter, Solutions, Elements and Compounds, Physical Change and Chemical Reactions Models of the Atom, Structure of a Nuclear Atom, Periodic Table of Elements, Metals and Nonmetals, Groups and Periods, Atomic Orbitals Chapter 6: Chemical Names and Formulas 1.0 weeks Properties of Ionic and Molecular Compounds, Introduction to Ionic and Covalent Bondings, Nomenclature of Ionic and Molecular Compounds, Complex Ions, Acids Nomenclature Chapter 7: Chemical Quantities 0.5 week Mole, Molar Mass, Mole-Mass Conversions, Percent Composition, Empirical and Molecular Formulas Unit 2: Matter as Solutions and Gases Chapters 17 & 18: Water and Aqueous Systems & Solutions 2.0 weeks Properties of Water, Solute and Solvent, Process of Solution, Electrolytes and Non-Electrolytes, Factors of Solubility, Solubility Rules and Table, Qualitative Analysis of Ions, Concentration, Mole- Concentration Conversions, Molarity, Percent Composition, Solution Preparation, Dilution Chapter 12: The Behavior of Gases 1.5 weeks Pressure, Boyle, Charles and Avogadro Gas Laws, Combined Gas Law, Ideal Gas Law, Avogadro 9s Law, STP and SATP, Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter, Solubility of Gases, Real Gases, Dalton 9s Law of Partial Pressure, Vapour Pressure, Graham 9s Law of Effusion, Henry 9s Law of Solubility of Gas, Colligative Properties (Freezing Point Depression and Boiling Point Elevation), Phase Diagram Unit 3: Quantitative Relationship in Chemical Change Chapter 8: Chemical Reactions 1.5 weeks Evidences and Types of Chemical Reactions, Predicting Reactants and Products, Writing and Balancing Chemical Reactions Chapters 9: Stoichiometry 1.5 weeks Gravimetric, Solution, and Gaseous Stoichiometry, Limiting Reagents, Percentage Yield Unit 4: Chemical Bonding Chapter 13: Electrons in Atoms 1.0 week Bohr Atoms, Quantum Model and Number, Atomic Orbital, Electron Configurations, Atomic Orbitals and Orbital Energies, Pauli Principle Chapter 14: Chemical Periodicity 1.0 week Periodic Trends in Atomic Radii, Ionization Energy, Ionic Sizes, and Electronegativity Chapters 15 & 16: Ionic Bonding and Ionic Compounds & Covalent Bonding 2.0 weeks Valence Electrons, Octet Rule, Electron Configurations of Cations and Anions, Lewis Structures, Ionic Bonds and Properties, Single Covalent Bonds, Double and Triple Covalent Bonds, Exceptions to Octet Rule, VSEPR Model, Hybridization, Bond Polarity, Polar Molecules, Intermolecular Bonds (van der Waals Forces 3 [London Forces, Dipole-Dipole Interactions] and Hydrogen Bonding), Properties of Covalent Bonds pg. 3 of 6.<br><br> Unit 5: Organic Chemistry Chapter 25: Hydrocarbon Compounds 1.5 weeks Nomenclatures and Structural Formulas of Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Aromatics, and Cyclic Alkanes, Structural Isomers, Petroleum Processing Chapter 26: Functional Groups and Organic Reactions 1.5 week Nomenclatures and Structural Formulas of Halogen Substituents and other Functional Groups, Various Organic Reactions including Addition, Elimination, Substitution, Combustion, Cracking, Reforming and Esterification, Polymers Unit 6: Thermochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry Chapter 11: Thermochemistry 3 Heat and Chemical Change 3.0 weeks Enthalpy, Thermochemical Equations, Heats of Formation, Potential Energy Diagrams, Heats of Reactions, Hess 9s Law, Calorimetry Chapter 28: Nuclear Chemistry 1.0 week Isotopes, Radioactive Decay, Nuclear Transformations, Nuclear Equations, Half-lives, Nuclear Particle Emission, Fission and Fusion, Nuclear Energy Production Unit 7: Chemical Kinetics and Equilibria Chapter 19: Reaction Rates and Equilibrium 3.0 weeks Collision Theory, Activation Energy, Factors affecting Reaction Rates, Catalysts, Reversible Reactions, Le Châtelier 9s Principle, Equilibrium Expressions, Constants and Concentrations, Solving Simple Equilibrium Problems, Entropy, Free Energy Unit 8: Acids and Bases Chapter 20: Acids and Bases 2.0 weeks Physical Properties of Acids and Bases, Arrhenius, Brønstead-Lowry and Lewis Definitions, Strong and Weak Acids and Bases, pH and pOH, K a and K b Expressions, K w , Degree of Ionization / Dissociations, Polypro tic Acids and Bases Chapter 21: Neutralization 2.0 weeks Amphiprotic Acids and Bases, Writing Complete and Net-Ionic Neutralization Reactions, Titrations and pH Curves, Indicators, Equivalent Points and Endpoints, Buffer Solutions, Salt Hydrolysis, Solubility Equilibria and Solubility Product Unit 9: Electrochemistry Chapter 22: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 2.0 weeks Oxidation and Reduction Definitions, Oxidizing and Reducing Agents, Writing and Balancing Oxidation and Reduction Half Reactions, Strengths of Redox Reagents, Oxidation Numbers, Balancing Half Reactions Using Oxidation Number in Acid / Base Solutions, Redox Titration, Chapter 23: Electrochemistry 2.0 weeks Standard and Net Electric Potentials, Electrochemical (Voltaic / Galvanic) Cells, Electrolytic Cells, Faraday 9s Laws Semester 2 Final Exam Review 1.0 3 2.0 weeks Students will review old unit tests, with the emphasis on the last 5 units of the course. pg. 4 of 6.<br><br> Semester One (September to December) Units Weight Unit 1: Basic Chemistry 18% Unit 2: Matter as Solutions and Gases 18% Unit 3: Quantitative Relationship in Chemical Change 22% Unit 4: Chemical Bonding 22% Semester 1 Final Exam (December) 20% Total Course Mark 100% *The 1 st Quarter Mark will consist of Units 1 and 2. The 2 nd Quarter Mark will consist of Units 3 and 4. Semester Two (January to June) Units Weight Unit 5: Organic Chemistry 13% Unit 6: Thermochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry 19% Unit 7: Chemical Kinetics and Equilibria 15% Unit 8: Acids and Bases 15% Unit 9: Electrochemistry 18% Semester 2 Final Exam (Beginning of June) 20% Total Course Mark 100% **The 3 rd Quarter Mark will consist of Units 5, 6 & 7.<br><br> The 4 th Quarter Mark will consist of Units 8 & 9. Unit Components Weight Homework / Notebook 20% Labs 30% Quizzes 10% Unit Test 40% Total Unit Mark 100% Unit Preparation At the beginning of each unit, a detailed timeline of readings and problems are given out to students. This is to allow students the opportunity to better manage their studying schedule.<br><br> It is highly recommended that students do the assigned reading from the text to prepare for the next class. Homework Homework will be assigned every class. All answers of assigned problems are in the back of the textbook.<br><br> Students are encouraged to ask problems they do not understand in the next class. Homework check will be conducted regularly. It is important that students do the assigned problems to self-evaluate their understanding of the material taught.<br><br> pg. 5 of 6. Notebook An organized notebook is a key to success in any course.<br><br> Students are to keep their current chapter 9s work in a 1½-inch 3-ring binder. It should have several dividers. The chapter outline will be placed at the beginning, follow by class notes with all answers to the examples filled out.<br><br> Then, a section of homework follows, and finally chapter quizzes that has been handed back. This chapter notebook is turned in during the chapter test. After each chapter test, students are to put all material of that chapter in a central binder at home.<br><br> The new chapter will now be house in the emptied binder to be carried to and from class. Labs Labs will be conducted in each unit. All Safety Procedure MUST be followed at ALL times .<br><br> Proper lab techniques will be introduced. It is required that students are to read up on the lab procedure prior the lab period. There are about 9 labs within this course.<br><br> They are crucial components of the Chemistry program. Students who have missed a lab period must arrange other times (before or after school) to perform the lab. Students must perform the lab on their own unless otherwise stated, and each should hand in their own lab report.<br><br> Students should have a separate bind notebook as their lab notebook. The entire notebook should be handed in for evaluation every time a lab report is due. Note: If students wish to type up their lab reports, a three-ring binder can be used to collect all reports graded.<br><br> In such case, a Title Page indicated the title of the lab, student 9s name; class and instructor must be included with the report when it is due. Proper word processing techniques, such as subscripts, superscripts, arrows, double arrows, and math equations should be used. Because of the amount of mathematical calculations involved in these labs, students are strongly encouraged to write up their lab reports instead.<br><br> Lab Report Format \ 1. Title and Date: A Short Description of the experiment \ 2. Objective: Describe the Background and the Purpose of the experiment.<br><br> What is it that we are expected to learn and accomplish from this experiment? \ 3. Hypothesis: An Educated Guess of the result of the experiment.<br><br> Predict any observations. This is also the section where you will answer any prelab questions. Example: Products Prediction, Concentration of a solution &etc.<br><br> \ 4. Materials: A Detailed List of all Equipment and Amounts of Chemicals Used. The list can be found in the lab itself.<br><br> \ 5. Procedure: Even though the procedure is provided in the lab, students should not merely copy the steps. The procedure is to be paraphrased into your lab report.<br><br> All universities and colleges are against any form of plagiarism. All quotes and materials must be properly referenced. \ 6.<br><br> Observations: All relevant Quantitative Data must be recorded. The measurements that need to be taken should have been conveyed in the objective, hypothesis and procedure. All Qualitative Data must be recorded as well.<br><br> \ 7. Analysis: This section consists of all Calculations and Graphs from the Experimental Data. All calculations must include proper units and all parts of any graphs are properly labeled.<br><br> Any Inferences from the Qualitative Data should also be included. \ pg. 6 of 6.<br><br> 8. Evaluation: When there are both theoretical and experimental results, percentage yield or percentage error must be calculated. This value must be explained and accounted for (What were the kinds of errors made in the lab?).<br><br> Suggestions to improve the lab procedure must also be provided. \ % Yield = % 100 l Theoretica al Experiment × % Error = % 100 l Theoretica al Experiment l Theoretica × 2 9. Conclusion: Finally, comment on whether your have met the objective and what have you learned from this lab.<br><br> The first five sections (title to procedure) and the list of measurements needed for the observation must be completed prior to any lab periods. This is to ensure students have read and understood the lab before hand. Quizzes A quiz is given at the end of each chapter or in the middle of a chapter.<br><br> They serve as interim assessment on material taught. Students are encouraged to study and learn from the mistakes in these quizzes to better prepare of the unit test. Unit Test There will be a unit test given at the end of each unit.<br><br> These are comprehensive tests that will cover all components taught (including labs performed) within a unit. Most unit tests will be in the same style and format to the midterm and final exam. Semester 1 Final Exam The Semester 1 Final Exam will be held in December prior to the Christmas Break.<br><br> It will cover the first 4 units of this course. Semester 2 Final Exam The Semester 2 Final Exam will be held at the beginning of June. Although all units will be tested, the last 5 units will be the focus of this final exam.<br><br>