Political Science NEWS Summer 2008, Number 2 A Newsletter o c the Department o c Political Science at Emory University Letter from the Chair Dear Friends, W elcome to the second issue o4 the Emory political science newsletter. This could hardly be a more interesting year 4or politics, with the historic 2008 presidential election approaching; the war in Iraq continuing to grind on; leadership transitions in Russia, Cuba, and elsewhere; the politically charged summer Olympics in Beijing; and the emergence o4 a consensus in American politics on the need 4or new directions to con4ront the linked problems o4 rising gas prices, dependence on 4oreign oil, and climate change. This issue o4 the newsletter tracks a 4ew contemporary issues in politics and developments in the political science department.
Alan Abramowitz, an expert in predicting the outcomes o4 presidential elections, explains who will win and why in November. Jessica Harrell, a graduate student, describes her dissertation work on how women campaign 4or political o4 ce, providing some special insight into Hillary Clinton 9s 2008 campaign. We also pro le one o4 our star undergraduates and one o4 our most success4ul PhDs.
And, as always, we are pleased to report alumni news and department news. ... more. less.
Last, we are very saddened to report the passing one o4 our most beloved 4aculty, Eleanor Main, who has been with us since 1969. We are always eager to hear 4rom you.<br><br> I4 you have your own alumni news you wish to share, please email us at email@example.com. I4 you are interested in making a tax-deductible donation to the Department o4 Political Science, you can do so at www.polisci.emory.edu/Generalin4o/donate.htm. Best, Dan Reiter Chair, Department o4 Political Science Chair Dan Reiter IN THIS ISSUE " Faculty Research: Alan I.<br><br> Abramowitz " Graduate Spotlight: Jessica Harrell " Eleanor Main " Undergraduate Profle: Meg McDermott 08C " Department News " Alumna Profle: Ashley Leeds 08G " Alumni News Can McCain Overcome the Triple Whammy? Electoral Barometer Shows Huge Democratic Advantage By Alan I. Abramowitz Alben W.<br><br> Barkley Professor of Political Science Emory University 4 W ith the long and contentious Democratic nomination race nally over, the attention o4 the media and the public is beginning to shi4t to the general election. In November, voters will 4ace a choice between two rather atypical presidential candidates. The Republican Party, which has seen its popularity and electoral 4ortunes plummet since 2004, will pin its hopes on John McCain 4an individual who has 4requently clashed with his own party 9s leadership.<br><br> And McCain 9s Demo- cratic opponent will be Barack Obama, the rst A4rican American ever to receive a major party presidential nomination. The unusual characteristics o4 the two major party candidates have led to considerable uncertainty among politi- cal observers about the outlook 4or the November election. While President Bush 9s low approval ratings and over- whelmingly negative perceptions o4 the economy suggest a very di4 cult political climate 4or Republicans, John McCain 9s reputation as a maverick and Barack Obama 9s problems uniting Democratic voters behind his candidacy have led some analysts to suggest that a Democratic victory in November is 4ar 4rom certain.<br><br> Polling data seem to support the con- clusion that despite the unpopularity o4 his party, John McCain has a realistic chance o4 keeping the White House in Republican hands. McCain has been running neck- and-neck with Obama in some recent national polls. In the May 21 Gallup track- ing poll, 4or example, Obama held a nar- row 47 to 44 percent lead over McCain.<br><br> However, such early horserace polls are not very accurate predictors o4 the actual election results. Polls in the spring o4 1988 showed Michael Dukakis with a com4ort- able lead over George H. W.<br><br> Bush. Polls in June o4 1992 showed Bill Clinton running third behind both Bush and H. Ross Perot.<br><br> So recent polls showing a close race be- tween McCain and Obama may not tell us much about what to expect in November. Instead o4 using early horserace polls, political scientists generally rely on measures o4 the national political climate to make their 4orecasts. That is because the national political climate can be measured long be4ore the election, and it has been 4ound to exert a power- 4ul infuence on the eventual results.<br><br> Three indicators o4 the national politi- cal climate have accurately predicted the outcomes o4 presidential elections since the end o4 World War II: the incumbent president 9s approval rating at mid-year, the growth rate o4 the economy during the second quarter o4 the election year, and the length o4 time the president 9s party has held the White House. The higher the president 9s approval rating and the stronger the growth rate o4 the economy, the more likely it is that the president 9s party will be victorious. However, i4 the president 9s party has controlled the White House 4or two terms or longer it is less likely to be success4ul.<br><br> Time-4or- change sentiment seems to increase a4ter eight years regardless o4 the president 9s popularity or the state o4 the economy. These three 4actors can be combined to produce an Electoral Barometer score that measures the overall national political climate. The 4ormula 4or computing this score is simply the president 9s net approval rating (approval minus disapproval) in the Gallup Poll plus ve times the annual growth rate o4 real GDP minus twenty- ve i4 the president 9s party has held the White House 4or two terms or longer.<br><br> Electoral Barometer readings 4or the 4teen presidential elections since the end o4 World War II have ranged 4rom -66 in 1980 to +82 in 1964. A positive reading generally predicts victory 4or the incumbent party, while a negative reading generally predicts de4eat. The Electoral Barometer has pre- dicted the winner o4 the popular vote in 4ourteen o4 the 4teen presiden- tial elections since World War II.<br><br> The in4ormation required to calculate the nal Electoral Barometer score 4or 2008 will not be available until August. However, it appears very likely that the Republican Party is dealing with the dreaded ctriple whammy d in 2008: an unpopular president, a weak economy, and a second-term election. Based on President Bush 9s net approval rating in the May Gallup Poll (-39), the annual growth rate o4 the economy during the rst quarter o4 2008 (+0.6 percent), and the 4act that the Republican Party has controlled the White House 4or the past eight years, the current Electoral Barometer reading is a dismal -63.<br><br> The only election since World War II with a score in this range was 1980. In that election Jimmy Carter su44ered the worst de4eat 4or an incumbent president since Herbert Hoover in 1932. The current national political climate is one o4 the worst 4or the party in power since the end o4 World War II.<br><br> No candi- date running in such an un4avorable political environment has ever been success4ul. I4 John McCain manages to overcome the triple whammy o4 an unpopular president, a weak economy, and a second term election, it will be an upset o4 unprecedented magnitude. PS Summer 2008 Political Science News 2 Instead o 8 using early horserace polls, political scientists generally rely on measures o 8 the national political climate to make their 8orecasts.<br><br> Graduate Student Spotlight: Do Women Campaign Differently? Jessica Harrell is an advanced doctoral student in political science. She plans to defend her dissertation on the topic of gender and cam- paign strategy in 2009.<br><br> T he 2008 election will be a historic event, in part because 4or the rst time in American history, a woman was a competitive contender to win a major party 9s nomination 4or president. Although Hillary Clinton is not the rst woman to run 4or president, she is by 4ar the most viable 4emale candidate to contest a presidential primary. Senator Clinton 9s candidacy has sparked interest in the ways that gender infuences campaigns.<br><br> Journal- ists and other political pundits 4requently speculate on how Clinton 9s gender might have a44ected her chances o4 winning both the Democratic primary and the gen- eral election. Events such as Clinton 9s cemotional moment d while speaking to a group o4 New Hampshire voters, heck- lers displaying an ciron my shirt d sign at a Clinton rally, and Clinton 9s treatment in the early Democratic primaries have all been scrutinized in editorials, blogs, and Sunday morning news programs as evidence o4 sexism. On the other hand, Clinton 9s support among women voters is characterized as an advantage con4erred by her gender.<br><br> But beyond this attention on the direct, overt e44ects o4 gender on 4emale candidates 9 electoral 4ortunes, political scientists have 4ocused on the more subtle e44ects o4 gender. Numerous studies con rm that voters evaluate 4emale candidates di44erently than their male counterparts. Women are viewed as better able to handle social wel4are issues such as health care, educa- tion, wel4are, and social security.<br><br> Men, on the other hand, are viewed as better able to handle issues related to the economy and 4oreign policy. Campaign consultants and pundits 4requently disagree about how candidates, particularly women, should respond to these perceptions. Some argue that women should try to counter gender stereotypes by emphasizing cmale d issues like the war on terrorism and economic policies.<br><br> Others argue that women should play up their strengths on social wel4are issues and down- play other issues. It is still not clear though how gender stereotypes actu- ally infuence can- didate 9s behavior on the campaign trail. The evidence is mixed as to whether stereo- types lead women and men to emphasize di44erent issues in their campaigns.<br><br> My dissertation research attempts to ll this gap by investigating how these stereotypes shape gender di44erences in congressional campaign strategies. Speci - cally, when and why might women and men emphasize di44erent issues? And why might some candidates be more likely than others to promote cwomen 9s issues d in their campaigns, regardless o4 their gender and/or party?<br><br> My research aims to predict and explain why, 4or example, some Democratic women avoid talking about health care issues while some Republi- can men emphasize health care heavily, even though their behavior contradicts both gender and party stereotypes. I argue that while gender stereotypes may play a signi cant role in the strategic campaign calculations o4 both women and men, these stereotypes constitute one o4 many 4actors that candidates must take into account when 4ormulating a campaign strategy. My theory o4 candidate behav- ior demonstrates that a variety o4 4actors beyond gender, including candidates 9 strengths and weaknesses, their opponents 9 strengths and weaknesses, and the salience o4 issues, infuences the extent to which women and men campaign di44erently.<br><br> In 4act, all o4 these 4actors actually limit the likelihood o4 gender di44erences in issue emphasis. For example, given the impor- tance o4 the Iraq war in the 2006 mid-term elections, it would have been di4 cult 4or any candidate, male or 4emale, to avoid discussing Iraq in his or her campaign. Although my research, like most o4 the work on gender politics, 4ocuses on congressional elections, Senator Clinton 9s presidential campaign provides a unique opportunity to explore gender stereotypes and candidate behavior in a di44erent electoral context.<br><br> Gender di44erences in issue emphasis may be even more in4re- quent in presidential contests 4it is hard to imagine a potential commander-in-chie4 ignoring 4oreign policy issues in her campaign, regardless o4 gender stereotypes. O4 course, given the lack o4 4emale presidential candidates, it is more di4 cult to draw conclusions about gendered behavior in presidential campaigns. However, Hillary Clinton 9s 2008 campaign will play, undoubtedly, a key role in 4uture investigations o4 gendered behavior on the presidential campaign trail.<br><br> PS Summer 2008 Political Science News 3 Jessica Harrell My theory o 8 candidate behavior demonstrates that a variety o 8 8actors beyond gender, including candidates 9 strengths and weaknesses, their opponents 9 strengths and weaknesses, and the salience o 8 issues, in 8luences the extent to which women and men campaign di 8 8erently. Political Science News is a publication o1 the Department o1 Political Science. For more in1ormation, please call 404.727.6572 or email polisci@emory.<br><br> edu . Managing Editor Dan Reiter Graphic Designer Michael Hooten © 2008, Emory Creative Group, a division o1 Emory University Communications and Marketing, 108055-2. continued on page 5 Undergraduate Interview: Meg McDermott 08C M eg McDermott 08C, a politi- cal science major who gradu- ated this past spring, typi es the curious, problem-solving, multidimensional individual who attends Emory and is drawn to the Department o4 Political Science.<br><br> While attending high school in Texas, McDermott recognized that Emory o44ered wonder4ul opportuni- ties 4or her to pursue her interests in inter- national a44airs. She had been interested in international a44airs ever since she lived in the Middle East when she was young. When she arrived at Emory, she was at rst undecided whether to take a cultural or political approach to studying the world.<br><br> A4ter enrolling in Introduction to Inter- national Politics, however, McDermott became drawn to the political side, and she decided to major in political science. From her rst semester at Emory, McDermott 9s interests in international a44airs 4ocused on Latin America. Minor- ing in Spanish, she traveled to Argentina and Peru in the summer o4 2006 as part o4 an Emory study abroad program.<br><br> While there, she received a special service learn- ing grant, enabling her to teach English to South Americans. The summer program 9s emphasis on cultural issues dovetailed with the political emphasis in her political science classes as well as the 4ocus on con- temporary political issues she took as part o4 her job at the Americas program at The Carter Center. She came to understand that she was best served by embracing both a political and cultural perspective to under- standing the region, and she now sees great value in the well-rounded approach to studying Latin America she pursued at Em- ory.<br><br> cMy interest in Latin American cul- Summer 2008 Political Science News 4 E leanor Main, a leading mem- ber o4 the Emory community 4or nearly 4orty years, died on February 8, 2008. Services were held at Emory 9s Cannon Chapel. A partisan Queens, New York, native and Hunter College graduate, Main earned a PhD in political science at the Univer- sity o4 North Carolina.<br><br> She joined the Emory Department o4 Political Science as a pro4essor in 1969 and would later serve as chair. That position was the beginning o4 her years o4 service to Emory Univer- sity, culminating in her directorship o4 the Emory Division o4 Educational Studies. Her contributions to the Department o4 Political Science and to the entire Univer- sity community were many and varied.<br><br> She established the rst internship program in the department and was instrumental in creating the Georgia Legislative Internship Program, which she headed 4or thirteen years. The political science BA/MA pro- gram was her conception, a model later adopted by other departments. She helped create the University-wide, nationally rec- ognized Teaching Assistant Training and Teaching Opportunity (TATTO) program, to train graduate students as teachers.<br><br> Main, a woman o4 much skill and energy, is 4ondly remembered by her peers. Pro4essor Harvey Klehr, a long time col- league and 4riend, spoke o4 her warmly at the Cannon Chapel service: cAll o4 us who bene t 4rom our association with Emory owe her a gigantic debt o4 gratitude 4or her unstinting tough love 4or the school. d Pro4essor Klehr also noted that at the heart o4 all the positions she held at Emory was a love 4or the political science department: cShe was justi ably proud o4 the role she had played in building political science and imbuing the department with a sense o4 political and disciplinary pluralism. d She took her expertise beyond Emory and served many roles in her adopted state. Three governors o4 Georgia ap- pointed her to various task 4orces and advisory committees, notably the Gov- ernor 9s Committee on Women in Politics in 1975, the task 4orce on Merit Pay 4or Teachers and, in 1992, the Depart- ment o4 Juvenile Justice Board.<br><br> Remembered 4or her academic and governmental success, Main inspired also a erce sense o4 loyalty in her 4riends. She was loyal to her beloved University o4 North Carolina Tar Heels basketball teams and to colleagues o4 every discipline. Pro4essor Thomas Walker summed up the 4eelings o4 many in his comments to the Emory Report website on February 18, 2008, cI have never known a more loyal, stead4ast, and caring 4riend. d The University has established an Eleanor Main memorial 4und to be used to support Challenges and Champions, a program that o44ers academic and athletic summer programming 4or middle school students, and graduate education at Emory.<br><br> Individuals interested in contributing to the Eleanor Main 4und should contact Joshua Newton in the Development and Alumni Relations O4 ce (firstname.lastname@example.org). PS Eleanor Main: A Li 8e o 8 Infuence and Compassion Eleanor Main Meg McDermott 08C continued from page 4 ture, language, and politics has allowed me to explore many opportunities and experi- ences, d she explains. cIt is di4 cult to ad- dress political issues without having some grasp o4 the cultural ones, and vice versa. d McDermott excelled in her coursework and was invited to participate in the politi- cal science department 9s Honors Program in her senior year.<br><br> She wanted to design her own project, building on her Carter Center work on electoral accountability in Latin America. She conducted a comparative study o4 cAccess To In4ormation d legisla- tion in Mexico, Argentina, and Nicaragua. By examining the legislative and executive branches in each o4 these countries, she was able to describe the conditions under which these governments would be more or less likely to embrace transparency.<br><br> McDermott 9s interests go beyond poli- tics and international a44airs. She recogniz- es the importance o4 dmaintaining balance between right- and le4t-brain activities, d and has danced 4or 4our years with the Emory Dance Company. cIt 9s quite di4- 4erent 4rom being in the political science classroom, d she notes, dand especially this past year, it 9s been a 4orm o4 relaxation. d While nishing her honors thesis, she received Emory 9s prestigious Bobby Jones Scholarship.<br><br> This award supports the recipient 9s pursuit o4 graduate study at St. Andrew 9s University in Scotland, where McDermott will study international relations this 4all. She hopes to continue pursuing her interests in government transparency and 4air elections, be4ore eventually launching a career in the eld.<br><br> In taking this path, she represents the political science department 9s greatest ambitions 4or its undergraduates, that they should address important topics through rigorous scholarship and then set o44 to use their knowledge to make the world a better place. Looking back at her years at Emory, she says, cI 4eel very honored that I 9ve been able to take a relevant policy issue and examine it through an academic lens, especially with such supportive and intelligent people on both ends at Emory and at The Carter Center. d PS Summer 2008 Political Science News 5 Department News Robert Bartlett received the Arthur Blank/National Endowment 1or the Humanities Distinguished Teaching Pro1essorship. Clifford Carrubba and Jeffrey Staton received a National Science Foundation grant to study the institutional determinants o1 judicial independence.<br><br> Nicole Baerg just fnished her frst year as a doctoral student and served as a summer intern in summer 2008 at the Atlanta Federal Reserve with Stephen Kay. cJournals in the Discipline: A Report on a New Survey o1 American Political Scientists, d written by James C. Garand and Michael W.<br><br> Giles , was ranked as the second-most-downloaded article o1 PS by the American Political Science Association and Cambridge University Press. Eleanor Main passed away in February 2008. She was a member o1 the political science 1aculty, and chair o1 the educational studies department.<br><br> She arrived at Emory in 1969 as an assistant pro1es- sor o1 political science. During the past 1orty years, she amassed a remarkable record o1 service to the University and community, serving in a number o1 important administrative roles in Emory Col- lege and the Graduate School. She served on Governor Zell Miller 9s Committee on Governmental E11ectiveness and the Economy in 1991.<br><br> The 1ollowing year, Governor Miller appointed her to serve on a committee studying 1unding 1or K 312 education in Georgia. In 2003, she received Emory 9s Thomas Je11erson Award 1or University Distinguished Service and Leadership. Megan McDermott 08C won a Robert T.<br><br> Jones Jr. scholarship to study international relations at St. Andrew 9s University, Scotland.<br><br> Rachel Zelkowitz 08C won the Lucius Lamar McMullen Award, given to a graduating senior who exhibits coutstanding citizen- ship, exceptional leadership, and potential 1or service to his or her community, the nation, and the world. d The donor 9s intention is to allow a student to do something he or she wouldn 9t otherwise be able to do with the accompanying cash prize o1 $25,000. Zaid Ahmed 08C won the Marion Luther Brittain Award, presented each year at commencement to a graduate who demonstrates exemplary service to both the University and the greater community without expectation o1 recognition. continued on page 6 Summer 2008 Political Science News 6 Alumni Spotlight: Ashley Leeds 08G A shley Leeds 08G is one o4 the graduate program 9s greatest success stories.<br><br> She few through the department 9s PhD program with great energy, intelligence, and curios- ity. While completing her dissertation in 1998, she landed a tenure track job at Florida State University. She now teaches at Rice University, where as an award- winning teacher she is an Albert Thomas Associate Pro4essor.<br><br> Rice understands Leeds 9s great value, as she is associate chair o4 the political science department. Her swi4t rise up the academic ranks has been driven by a very strong record o4 scholarly accomplishments. Leeds 9s dissertation explored perhaps the most prominent question in all o4 international relations: Without a world government to en4orce international agreements, why do states cooperate with each other?<br><br> The dissertation developed and ana- lyzed the central idea that democracies are especially likely to work together. From there, Leeds expanded her research theme outward. She built a major new data base on all international alliances between states during the last two centuries and then used these data to explore an array o4 di44erent ideas about cooperation, such as when do states 4orm alliances, when do states comply with their alliance commitments, and when do states end their alliance commitments.<br><br> Her historical research has generated a series o4 important ndings, perhaps most notably that states abide by their interna- tional commitments 4ar more 4requently than had been previously thought. She has received a string o4 major research grants and published a dozen scholarly articles, many in leading journals in the eld. She is also very active in the pro4ession, serving as associate editor 4or the leading inter- national relations journal International Studies Quarterly , on the editorial board o4 an international relations series 4or Lexington Books, and on several com- mittees 4or pro4essional associations.<br><br> She also gives back to her local community in Houston, having been active in the local Big Brothers and Big Sisters organization and having served on the academic com- mittee o4 the Houston Holocaust Museum. This year, Leeds received her most prestigious academic recognition to date. She was the 2008 recipient o4 the Karl Deutsch Award, given by the International Studies Association cannually to a scholar in international relations under age 4orty, or within ten years o4 de4ending his or her dissertation, who is judged to have made, through a body o4 publications, the most signi cant contribution to the study o4 International Relations and Peace Research. d This is the most prestigious recognition a young international relations scholar can receive.<br><br> Since the award 9s incep- tion in 1985, Leeds is only the sec- ond woman to receive this award. Leeds greatly values her Emory education. cThe training I received at Emory d was outstanding, she recalled, cbut probably even more important 4or me was the individual attention I received 4rom my pro4essors.<br><br> Working directly with 4aculty on research projects and coteaching classes really prepared me to hit the ground running when I accepted a 4aculty position. I 9m so glad that I chose a small graduate program that nurtures graduate students. d PS Working directly with 8aculty on research projects and coteaching classes really prepared me to hit the ground running when I accepted a 8aculty position. I 9m so glad that I chose a small graduate program that nurtures graduate students.<br><br> Benjamin Cook 08C and Romi Savova 08C jointly won the Levitas Award given by the Department o1 Political Science to the most outstanding graduating seniors majoring in political science or international studies. Elliot Levitas 52C , an Emory Rhodes scholar and current partner in Kilpatrick Stockton LLP, was on hand to give the award. Randall Strahan was promoted to 1ull pro1essor in the department.<br><br> The department welcomes two new assistant pro1essors in 1all 2008, Justin Esarey , who just completed a PhD at Florida State University, and Tom Clark , who just completed a PhD at Princeton University. Patricia Hamilton and Dominique Tremblay joined the depart- ment as undergraduate coordinator and program administrative assistant, respectively. Bethany Blackstone will be serving as an American Political Sci- ence Association congressional 1ellow 1or the 2008 32009 academic year; she was also awarded a National Science Foundation Dis- sertation Improvement Grant through the Law and Social Sciences Program to hire research assistants in summer 2008 to collect data 1or her dissertation project.<br><br> Beth Reingold received a $107,000 grant 1rom the National Sci- ence Foundation 1or a collaborative project, Representation and the Intersections o1 Gender, Race, and Ethnicity in the U.S. Robert Bartlett received an $18,000 grant 1rom the Earhart Foun- dation in support o1 work on his edition o1 the Nicomachean Ethics. Department News continued from page 5 Summer 2008 Political Science News 7 Alumni News 1950s Jimmy Booth 59C is the owner o1 Jimmy Booth PR in Dahlonega, Georgia.<br><br> 1970s Charles Stewart III 79C is the head o1 the Department o1 Political Science at Mas- sachusetts Institute o1 Technology and a Kenan Sahin Distinguished Pro1essor. He received a PhD in 1985 1rom Stan1ord and was a national 1ellow at the Hoover Insti- tute at Stan1ord University. S.<br><br> Kerry Tassopoulos 79C is vice president o1 government relations and compliance at Mary Kay in Dallas. 1980s Carole Duncanson 82C is president o1 CLD and Associates, a governmental con- sulting and lobbying frm, dealing with the Florida Legislature and Executive Branch. Judson Hill 82C is a Georgia State Senator who was elected in East Cobb County in 2004.<br><br> Belinda Hoffman 82C earned a law degree 1rom Florida State University Law School and serves as deputy insurance commissioner 1or the Florida O1fce o1 Insurance Regulation. Steven B. Horowitz 83C is the 1ounding partner in the law frm Roth Horowitz and was named one o1 the Top 100 Labor Attorneys by the Labor Relations Institute.<br><br> Melanie A. Chastain 84C is the assistant dean 1or academic administration in the Nell Hodgson Woodru11 School o1 Nursing at Emory. Jonathan Komp 88C serves on the Emory Alumni Board Marketing Committee.<br><br> 1990s Jay Carriere 90C is a manager o1 1ederal regulatory a11airs 1or the MidAmerican Energy Holdings Company in Washington, D.C. Keiffer Mitchell 90C is a Baltimore City Council member. Stacie R.<br><br> Hankins 92C has been a Foreign Service o1fcer with the U.S. State Depart- ment since 2002 and is currently working as special assistant to the U.S. ambassador in Rome.<br><br> Tash Elwyn 93C is the regional director/se- nior vice president at Raymond James and Associates. Ben Rabinowitz 93C is a regional sales manager at Campbell and Company in Maryland. Andreas Sobisch 93G is the director o1 the Center 1or Global Education at John Carroll University.<br><br> April Rinne 96C is the director o1 Unitus, a global microfnance accelerator whose mis- sion is to expand capital markets to reduce global poverty. Ashley Leeds 98G received the 2008 Deutsch Award. The Deutsch Award is pre- sented annually by the International Studies Association to ca scholar under age 1orty, or within ten years o1 de1ending his or her dissertation, who is judged to have made, through a body o1 publications, the most signifcant contribution to the study o1 In- ternational Relations and Peace Research. d Gregory Zale 99C received a Fulbright Scholarship to study in Germany, had a summer internship with Puma in Austria, and graduated with an MBA 1rom the Thunderbird School o1 Global Management in May.<br><br> 2000s Sarah (Knisely) Handy 01C is an ap- propriation specialist 1or the Centers 1or Disease Control and Prevention. Robert Friedman 02C is in the govern- ment graduate program at Johns Hopkins University and concurrently in his last year at Georgetown University School o1 Law. Carol Danko 02C is a legislative aide and press assistant 1or Congressman Peter King ( R-NY).<br><br> Patrick Madden 02C is currently work- ing as a reporter at WAMU 88.5 FM, the NPR station in Washington, D.C., and has worked 1or Hardball with Chris Matthews and C-SPAN. Brianne Gorod 02C was recently selected to serve as a clerk 1or Supreme Court Jus- tice Stephen Breyer. Lauren (Giles) Wishnie 03C spent two years in Panama working on an environ- mental services project sponsored by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and Yale University.<br><br> She then attended New York University (NYU) School o1 Law, graduating in May 2008. She served as the editor-in-chie1 o1 the Environmental Law Journal at NYU. She has accepted a position at Davis, Wright, and Tremaine in Seattle, Washington.<br><br> Daniel Freifeld 03C graduated in May 2008 1rom NYU School o1 Law where he served as sta11 editor on the Journal of International Law and Politics . Susan Allen 04G will be starting as an assistant pro1essor in the Department o1 Political Science at the University o1 Missis- sippi in the 1all. Zaryab Iqbal 04G recently began an ap- pointment as an assistant pro1essor in the Department o1 Political Science o1 Pennsyl- vania State University.<br><br> Jonathan Levy 04C is policy aide to Con- gressman Rahm Emanuel (D-IL). Andel Koester 04C is a strategic commu- nications consultant specializing in public relations and public a11airs at Shepardson, Stern, and Kaminsky. Asanka Pathiraja 04C received an MA at the London School o1 Economics and Political Science in 2006.<br><br> She is currently working 1or an economic consulting frm specializing in the commodities sector. Jason Scoggins 04C graduated cum laude 1rom Harvard Law School in 2007 and will be clerking 1or the Honorable Diarmuid O 9Scannlain o1 the U.S. Court o1 Appeals 1or the 9th Circuit in 2008.<br><br> Joshua Press 04C graduated in May 1rom Northwestern University School o1 Law, where he served on the Law Review . He has accepted a clerkship with an appellate court judge sitting in Alaska. Eric Twillman Brodie 06C has been ap- pointed campaign manager 1or Paula Rus- sell, candidate 1or State Attorney o1 Palm Beach, Florida.<br><br> Jane Winzer 06G will be starting a posi- tion as a lecturer in the Department o1 Political Science at the University o1 Alaska- Fairbanks in the 1all. Scott Wolford 08G will be starting as an assistant pro1essor in the Department o1 Political Science at the University o1 Colo- rado at Boulder in the 1all. <br><br>